John Tayler

John Tayler

John Tayler
5th Governor of New York
In office
February 24, 1817 – June 30, 1817
Lieutenant Philetus Swift (acting)
Preceded by Daniel D. Tompkins
Succeeded by DeWitt Clinton
Acting Lieutenant Governor of New York
In office
1811
Governor Daniel D. Tompkins
Preceded by John Broome
Succeeded by DeWitt Clinton
Lieutenant Governor of New York
In office
1813–1817
Governor DeWitt Clinton
Preceded by DeWitt Clinton
Succeeded by Philetus Swift (acting)
Lieutenant Governor of New York
In office
1817–1822
Governor DeWitt Clinton
Preceded by Philetus Swift (acting)
Succeeded by Erastus Root
Personal details
Born (1742-07-04)July 4, 1742
New York City, New York
Died March 19, 1829(1829-03-19) (aged 86)
Albany, New York
Political party Democratic-Republican
Spouse(s) Margarita Van Valkenburgh
Signature

John Tayler (July 4, 1742 – March 19, 1829) was a merchant and politician. He served nine years as Lieutenant Governor of New York, four months as Acting Governor of New York, and also in both houses of the New York State Legislature.

Life

Gubernatorial portrait of John Tayler.

He was a trader, farmer and shopkeeper in Albany. He married Margarita Van Valkenburgh in 1764.

Tayler was a Patriot during the Revolutionary War. He was drawn into public service for the Colonies.

He was a member from Albany County in the New York State Assembly from 1777 to 1779, in 1780-81, and from 1785 to 1787. He was appointed City Recorder (Deputy Mayor) of Albany in 1793, and First Judge of the Albany County Court in 1797. In 1798, he ran for U.S. Senator from New York, but was defeated by Federalist James Watson. He served in the New York State Senate from 1804 to 1813. On January 29, 1811, he was elected President pro tempore of the State Senate and was Acting Lieutenant Governor, Lt. Gov. John Broome having died in August 1810. He served until the end of June 1811 when he was succeeded by DeWitt Clinton who had been elected Lt. Gov. in a special election under the provisions of Article XX of the New York State Constitution of 1777.

Tayler was elected Lieutenant Governor in 1813, and re-elected in 1816, on the ticket with Daniel D. Tompkins. After Tompkins' resignation to assume the office of Vice President of the United States, Tayler served as Acting Governor from February 24 to June 30, 1817.

Article XVII of the New York State Constitution of 1777 states "...as often as the seat of government shall become vacant, a wise and descreet freeholder of this State shall be, by ballot, elected governor,...,which elections shall be always held at the times and places of choosing representatives in assembly..." This meant that, whenever a vacancy occurred, the Lt. Gov. did not succeed to