|First appearance||"The Seinfeld Chronicles"|
|Last appearance||"The Finale, Part II" (Seinfeld)|
|Portrayed by||Jason Alexander|
Body Suit Man
Koko the Monkey
(constantly changes throughout series)Assistant to the traveling secretary for the New York Yankees
Real estate agent
Representative for Kruger Industrial Smoothing
Sales rep for Pendant Publishing
Sales rep for playground equipment company
Sales rep for rest stop supply company
Frank Costanza (father)
Estelle Costanza (mother)
|Spouse(s)||Susan Biddle Ross (fiancee; deceased)|
Aunt Baby (deceased)
Uncle Moe (deceased)
Henny(first cousin once removed)
George Louis Costanza is a character in the American The Pen" (third season).
The character was originally based on Seinfeld co-creator Larry David, but surnamed after Jerry Seinfeld's real-life New York friend, Mike Costanza. Alexander reprised his role in an episode of Comedians in Cars Getting Coffee, reuniting with Jerry Seinfeld and Wayne Knight (also reprising their roles as Jerry and Newman, respectively).
- Early life and family 1
- Personality 2
- Development 3
Family and background 4
- Susan 4.1
- Relationships 4.2
- Professional life 4.3
- Fashion and hairstyle 4.4
- Pseudonyms 5
- Reception 6
- References 7
- External links 8
Early life and family
On April 3, 1989, Herschfield sent a partial script to Jason Alexander, who was in New York City at the time. Herschfield had met Alexander when he was working on the CBS sitcom E/R. Alexander enjoyed the script and felt it read like a Woody Allen film; therefore, he did a Woody Allen impression on his audition tape, and bought a pair of glasses to better resemble the character. Though Alexander thought his audition was "a complete waste of time", both David and Seinfeld were impressed; Seinfeld stated "the second we saw him, like two lines out of his mouth, we went 'That's the guy'". On April 10, 1989 at 9:00 A.M. Alexander did his first official audition and met David and Seinfeld. While in the waiting room for his final audition, Alexander saw that Larry Miller was also auditioning. Alexander was aware that Miller and Seinfeld were very good friends, and so figured that he would not get the part. After his final audition he returned to New York City, and when he landed he received a phone call informing him that he was hired.
Many of George's predicaments were based on David's past real-life experiences. In "Saturday Night Live, when he quit and then returned to his job in the same manner. As the show progressed, Alexander discovered that the character was based on David. As Alexander explains in an interview for the Seinfeld DVD, during an early conversation with David, Alexander questioned a script, saying, "This could never happen to anyone, and even if it did, no human being would react like this." David replied, "What do you mean? This happened to me once, and this is exactly how I reacted." After that, Alexander changed his performance from an imitation of Woody Allen to what he has called a "shameless imitation of Larry David."
In 1998, Michael Costanza sued the show for US$100,000,000, claiming that he never gave permission for his name to be used and that, because of the character's appearance and behavior, he was not treated with respect. Costanza lost the suit, as the New York Supreme Court (the trial court in the State of New York court system) decided that Seinfeld and David "did not violate Michael Costanza's privacy rights when they created the character".
Family and background
George becomes engaged to 
For his performance as George, Alexander has been nominated for various awards. In 1992, he received his first Primetime Emmy Award nomination in the category Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series; however, he lost the award to Michael Jeter for Evening Shade. He received nominations in the same category the following six years, but failed to win each year. In addition, Alexander was nominated for four Golden Globe Awards—in 1993, 1994, 1995, and 1998—in the Best Supporting Actor in a Series, Miniseries, or Motion Picture Made for Television category, but never won the award. In 1995, Alexander received the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Comedy Series, he also shared the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Comedy Series with Seinfeld, Louis-Dreyfus, and Richards. From 1996 through 1998, Alexander was nominated in the same two categories, co-winning the ensemble award in 1997 and 1998. In 1999, he was nominated for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Comedy Series for the last time, but lost to Michael J. Fox for his portrayal of Michael Flaherty on Spin City. In 1992 and 1993, Alexander won the American Comedy Award for Funniest Supporting Male Performer in a TV Series. He was also nominated for the award in 1996 (with Richards) and 1999, but did not win again.
- Explanatory notes
- ^ From "The Cigar Store Indian").
- "Ricky Gervais' Top 10 TV Sitcoms". rickygervais.com.
- Marina Hyde. "Marina Hyde's diary". the Guardian.
- Writer: Daniels, Greg; David, Larry; Director: Cherones, Tom (April 22, 1992). "
- Writer: Leopold, Tom; Director: Cherones, Tom (January 29, 1992). "
- Writer: David, Larry; Director: Cherones, Tom (September 23, 1993). "
- Writer: Mehlman, Tom; Director: Ackerman, Andy (October 13, 1994). "
- Writer: Seinfeld, Jerry; David, Larry; Director: Cherones, Tom (February 4, 1993). "
- Writer: Robin, Andy; Director: Cherones, Tom (March 18, 1993). "
- Writer: Mehlman, Peter; Director: Cherones, Tom (November 21, 1991). "
- Writer: Charles, Larry; Director: Cherones, Tom (February 11, 1993). "
- Germain, David (November 6, 2007). "What 'Seinfeld' fans have been waiting for".
- Writer: Kavet, Gregg ; Robin, Andy; Koren, Steve; O'Keefe, Dan; Director: White, Joshua (April 23, 1998). "
- Writer: Charles, Larry; Director: White, Joshua (October 16, 1991). "
- Writer: David, Larry; Director: Cherones, Tom (November 18, 1992). "
- Writer: Feresten, Spike; Director: Ackerman, Andy (October 30, 1997). "
- Writer: Mehlman, Peter; Director: Ackerman, Andy (January 16, 1997). "
- Writer: Gammill, Tom; Pross, Max; Director: Ackerman, Andy (February 22, 1996). "
- Writer: Goldman, Matt; Director: Cherones, Tom (June 7, 1990). "
- Artner, Alan; Bannon, Tim; Caro, Mark; Christiansen, Richard; Griffin, Jean Latz; Johnson, Steve; May, Mitchell; Nidetz, Steve; Wood, Nancy Watkins; Wilson, Terry; Wiltz, Teresa (December 6, 1995). "The 25 Greatest TV Characters of all Time".
- Seinfeld Seasons 1 & 2: Notes about Nothing – "The Seinfeld Chronicles" (DVD).
- Davies, Dan (October 16, 2004). "Unhappy as Larry".
- Seinfeld Seasons 1 & 2: How it Began: The Making of Seinfeld, Part 1 (DVD).
- Tuma, Debbie (May 4, 1998). "Seinfeld Book by Real Character".
- Seinfeld Season 3: Notes about Nothing – "The Truth" (DVD).
- Sepinwall, Alan (November 22, 2004). "'Seinfeld' boxed sets: Much ado about 'nothing'".
- "Seinfeld (TV Series 1989–1998)". IMDb.
- "Bradford Evans". twitter.com.
- "Seinfeld"The Lost Roles of . Splitsider.
- "Chris Rock also auditioned for the part of George Costanza on Seinfeld accord... - Rebrn.com". Rerbn.
- Meyers, Kate (December 1, 1995). Bye" George""".
- "'"Entertainment: No joke: Seinfeld sued by 'real-life Costanza.
- Silverman, Stephen (October 27, 1998). "Seinfeld Sued for $100 Million".
- Margulies, Lee (January 6, 2001). "Morning Report; Arts and Entertainment Reports from the Times, News Services and the Nation's Press".
- Lavin, Cheryl (March 5, 2004). "By George, it's Costanza's fault".
- "I want to be Larry David".
- "We're Number 2! The 50 Greatest Sidekicks: Nos. 25-1".
- Bull, Roger (February 16, 2005). "The 50 greatest sitcom characters of ALL time".
- "Idaho Falls, Idaho, Newspaper Picks Its 50 Favorite Sitcom Characters.". Knight Ridder Tribune. October 24, 1999.
- Bushell, Gary (August 31, 2003). "Bushell on the Box: 100 Greatest TV Characters".
- Hyde, Marina (December 21, 2004). "Diary".
- "NBC Tops Emmy List; Blizzard of Nominations for `Northern Exposure'".
- Staff (September 1, 1992). "1992 Emmy Winners".
- "'Damn'ed ambitious".
- Cox, Ted (July 16, 2002). "Who deserves an Emmy? Merit doesn't always mean a nomination, so we correct TV's annual award oversights with our critics new honor".
- Fox, David J. (December 23, 1993). "'Schindler,' 'Piano' Head Globe List Entertainment: Both films are nominated for awards in six categories by the Hollywood Foreign Press Assn. Tom Hanks, Emma Thompson and Holly Hunter also receive multiple nominations".
- "Film, Television Nominees for Golden Globe Awards".
- "Golden Globe Nominees".
- "Golden Globe Nominees".
- Richmond, Ray (June 12, 2006). "Ensemble Theater – Emmy Watch: Actors".
- "Screen Actors Guild Awards".
"Screen Actors Guild Awards".
"Screen Actors Guild Award Nominees".
"Screen Actors Guild".
- Szymanski, Michael (February 24, 1997). "SAG gives actors a lift Franz , Louis-Dreyfus among guild award winners".
- "4th Annual Screen Actors Guild Award Recipients".
- "'Shakespeare,' NBC get most Actor nods.". United Press International. January 26, 1999.
- Baxter, Kevin (March 8, 1999). "'Shakespeare,' 'ER' Lead Awards by Actors Guild".
- "Candice Bergen voted TV queen of comedy".
- "Seinfeld TV series captures 3 American Comedy Awards". The Waterloo Record. March 2, 1993. p. C7.
- "American Comedy Awards".
- "American Comedy Awards".
- Writer: Gammill, Tom; Pross, Max; Director: Cherones, Tom (December 9, 1993). "
- George Costanza at the Internet Movie Database
- Art Vandelay is first used in the episode "
- During the seventh season ("
- At one point ("Koko" because of the way he had flailed his arms when demanding the nickname "T-Bone" back from a coworker. George deliberately hires a woman named Coco to work there, only to be nicknamed Gammy instead.
- Biff Loman: In "The Boyfriend" and by Jerry in "The Pez Dispenser" and "The Visa".
George is known for his balding hair, which is not as noticeable in the pilot episode "Andy Sipowicz (Dennis Franz) poster. His clothing on the show was usually a size too small for him, as opposed to Kramer, whose clothes were usually a size too big.
Fashion and hairstyle
During the fourth season of the series, George gains experience as a sitcom writer as he helps Jerry to write the pilot for the fictitious show Jerry. While pitching the concept of a "show about nothing" to The Virgin", when she is fired. Following the first and last episode ("The Pilot"), executive Russell's obsession with Elaine has cost George and Jerry a shot at getting a TV series.
His original job when the series starts is as a Larry David).
Over the course of the series, he works for a real estate transaction services firm (Rick Bahr Properties), a rest stop supply company (Sanalac), Elaine's company (Pendant Publishing), the New York Yankees (his longest running job), a playground-equipment company (Play Now), an industrial smoothing company (Kruger Industrial Smoothing), and other places. He is fired from his job at Pendant Publishing for having sex with the cleaning woman on his desk in "The Red Dot" (he professes he has always been attracted to cleaning women).
George's professional life is unstable. He is unable to remain in any job for any great length of time before making an embarrassing blunder and getting fired, and he is unemployed for a large amount of time throughout the series. Very often, the blunder is lying and trying to cover it up, only to have it all fall apart.
In the season 7 Curb Your Enthusiasm episode "Seinfeld", George has married (and divorced) a woman named Amanda in the time since the finale. It is unclear, however, whether these events are considered canon in the Seinfeld series.
- His two dates, Maura (who refuses to break up) and Loretta (who will not make love in "The Strongbox"), make it hard for George to break up.
- In "Marisa Tomei (who loves "quirky, funny, bald men"), in the park for a short time but gets punched after revealing that he is engaged.
- In "The Cafe", George dates Monica, who tests George in an IQ test. Apparently, after letting Elaine help him cheat, the end result is the test being spilled with food, and he is left to explain about the mess on the IQ test.
- In "The Nose Job", George dates Audrey, who has a big nose, until he, Jerry, and Elaine are shocked when Kramer suggests that she get a nose job.
- In "The Red Dot", by accident, George dates Evie, a cleaning woman who works at Pendant Publishing by sharing Hennigans.
- In "Latvian Orthodox faith for his girlfriend, Sasha, after Elaine mentions that it would be romantic, only to learn after completing the conversion that Sasha is going to Latvia.
- In "The Boyfriend", George dates Carrie, the daughter of his unemployment-office rep, Mrs. Sokol, in order to get an extension on his unemployment.
- In "
- In "The Cartoon", George dates Janet, who Kramer openly says looks like Jerry.
- In "add food as a part of their sex life.
- In "
George is very bad at meeting women and even worse at maintaining his romantic relationships and, as a result, his relationships usually end badly. George also dated other women throughout the series:Relationships Casting director Marc Herschfield stated that, during casting for the character, "we saw every actor we could possibly see in
Seinfeld co-creator Lou Costello, whose 1950s television series The Abbott and Costello Show, inspired Seinfeld 's writing style. Although he is often asked whether he wanted to play the character, Larry David has said that he was only interested in writing the show, that, not only did he not want to act on the show, but it had never occurred to him and, even if it had, he highly doubted that NBC would have approved of his being cast.
George and Jerry have been best friends since meeting in high school gym class. The extreme closeness of their friendship is occasionally mistaken for
Although occasionally referred to as dumb by his friends, many signs point to the fact that George is actually quite an intelligent man despite his neurotic behavior. George's foolishness is displayed in the episode, "Jeopardy!, and giving Derek Jeter and Bernie Williams pointers on hitting based on Newtonian physics.
George aligns with both Elaine and Kramer in some episodes, but is also frequently pitted against them. With Elaine, while he does get into arguments with her, they also work together, most notably in the episode "
George's occasional impulsiveness often gets him into trouble, such as when he flees a burning kitchen, knocking over several children and an elderly woman in the process, so he could escape first during his girlfriend's son's birthday party in "The Marine Biologist", he goes into the ocean alone to save a beached whale because his date, a woman he had a crush on in college, thinks he is a marine biologist and even tells her the truth about his occupation after he saves the day. However, this causes her to reject him immediately, and he is forced to take the bus home.
George sometimes refers to himself in the third person (for example, "George is getting UPSET!"), after befriending a person with a similar trait in "The Jimmy".
George exhibits a number of negative character traits, among them dishonesty, insecurity, and The Opposite", in which he begins (with Jerry's encouragement) to do the complete opposite of what his instincts tell him to do, which results in him getting a girlfriend and a job with the New York Yankees. His neurosis is also evident in the episode "The Note", where he starts having doubts on his sexual orientation after receiving a massage from a male masseur.
George is 
 George has three known cousins: Shelly, who appeared in "
In the Biff Yeager), who intentionally mispronounced his name as "Can't stand ya" and gave him wedgies.