Gilbert William Gaul (1855–1919), military and historical painter and illustrator.
Born in Jersey City, New Jersey, on March 31, 1855 to George W. and Cornelia A. (Gilbert) Gaul, he attended school in Newark, and at the Claverack Military Academy. In New York, he began studying art under L. E. Wilmarth at the National Academy of Design school from 1872 until 1876. He also studied with John G. Brown and at the Art Students' League of New York when it opened in 1875.
In 1876 Gaul visited the American West, and on his return began to exhibit military and western paintings at the National Academy and elsewhere. To supplement his income, he provided numerous illustrations to Century Magazine at a time when it was publishing Civil War memoirs; three of his paintings were used as frontispieces to Battles and Leaders of the Civil War (1887–88); he also did work for Harper's Weekly. His work attracted some interest and he was elected as an associate of the National Academy in 1879 for his painting The Stragglers, and in 1882, was elected a full academician for Charging the Battery, being the youngest to achieve that honor. The same year, his painting entitled Holding the Line at All Hazards was awarded the gold medal by the American Art Association, and in 1889, he received the bronze medal at the Paris Exposition for Charging the Battery. He won further medals at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893, and at the Buffalo Exposition in 1902.
Besides spending time in New York City, he had built a log cabin and studio on land near Fall Creek Falls in Van Buren County, Tennessee, on land he had inherited. He also spent some time in 1890 as a special agent for the federal census among the native Americans in North Dakota. Following this, he traveled to Mexico, Panama, Nicaragua, the Caribbean and South America.
He married late in life, to Marian Halstead, daughter of Vice-Admiral G.A. Halstead, R.N. in September 1898.
By the turn of the century, his work was falling out of favor and he turned increasingly to teaching but he still maintained a studio in Nashville where he worked on a series for a portfolio published in 1907 titled With the Confederate Colors. It failed to attract much attention, and by 1910, Gaul had moved to Ridgefield, New Jersey. He did tackle the Great War but with little success, and he died on December 13, 1919 after a long illness.
- The Confederate Raft (1875)
- The Picket Line (1880)
- Charging the battery (1882)
- Holding the Line at All Hazards (1882)
- Cold comfort on the outpost (1883)
- On the Look-out (1885)
- Guerrillas returning from a Valley Raid (1885)
- Hunted Down (Guerrilla Warfare) (1886)
- On the Confederate Line of Battle. "With Fate Against Them" (1887)
- Charging an Earthwork (1888)
- Bringing up the guns (1889)
- On Dangerous Ground (1889)
- Encouraging the Line (1890)
- The Last Letter (c. 1890)
- Captured by Guerrillas (1892)
- U. S. Cavalryman (1898)
- News from the Front (1898)
- The Indian Prisoner (1899)
- "War" (1900)
- The wounded officer
- Following the Guidon
- Saving the Colors
- With Fate Against Them
- Taking the Ramparts
- Between the lines
- Union Scout
- Nearing the end
- The Grey Remnant
- The Last Letter
- The Dispatch Rider
- The Exchange of Prisoners
- Faithful unto death
- The picket
- Confederate Guerrillas
- The Heavy Road
- Capon's Battery in Action
- D., W.H., "William Gilbert Gaul," Dictionary of American Biography, page 193.
- Gilder, Jeannette L., "A Painter of Soldiers," The Outlook, July 2, 1898, pp. 570–573.
- Lathrop, George Parsons, "An American Military Artist," The Quarterly Illustrator, Vol. I, No. 4, Oct–Dec. 1893, pp. 234–240.
- Reeves, John F., Gilbert Gaul. Exhibition catalogue, Cheekwood and Huntsville Museum of Art, 1975.
- Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Summer 1985, page 90.