John Englehart

John Englehart
Yosemite Valley" — by John Englehart, signed as C.N. Doughty, 1908.
Birth name Joseph John Englehart (?)
Born (1867-06-14)June 14, 1867
Died April 14, 1915(1915-04-14) (aged 47)
Movement Realism

John Englehart or Joseph John Englehart (1867–1915), was a prolific American landscape painter who worked under a number of pseudonyms. Englehart was born on June 14, 1867 in Chicago, Illinois, and died on April 14, 1915 in Oakland, California.


John Englehart's numerous variant spellings and pseudonyms include:

  • Joseph John Englehart, Joseph John Engelhart, J. Englehart, J. Engelhart, J. Englehardt, J. Engelhardt, and Enblhart.
  • C.N. Doughty, C.C. Foucks, C. Williams, C.L. Willis, W.L. Willis, J. Cole, J. Enright, J. Gran, J. Grant, J. Hart, J. Lang, J.L. Monahan, Wm. J. Schon, and Ed Shroder.


Englehart documented America's Western landscape and frontier during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He was known for his landscape oil paintings of California and the Pacific Northwest.

The style of landscape paintings by Englehart never brought the critical acclaim given to his contemporary landscape painters, such as those of the Hudson River School, including Albert Bierstadt and Thomas Moran. However he was successful as an artist, and his works are included in the collections of several museums.


John Englehart's career started during the popular 'California landscape paintings' period of the latter 19th-century. From the late 1880s until the turn of the century he maintained a studio in San Francisco on Clay Street. During those prosperous years he commuted to work from a residence across the San Francisco Bay in Oakland. He painted scenes of California, including various views of Yosemite Valley.

"The wealth generated (in California) by the Gold Rush, the railroads, the Comstock Lode, banking, and commerce, created a very favorable climate for artists. People like the Stanfords, the Crockers, the Hopkins, and the rest of San Francisco society were buying art. Landscape paintings of famous places in the West were eagerly bought, and the current doings of the artists, where they were now and what they were painting, was duly reported in the papers and periodicals." [1]

Pacific Northwest


In the late 1890s Englehart traveled and painted in the Pacific Northwest. He did many landscapes of the Tacoma, Washington area during this period.


In 1902, after San Francisco's art patrons' taste had moved on to European art, he opened a studio in Portland, Oregon. He spent a large part of his time there until 1904. He participated in the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition in 1905.

In 1909, he was awarded a prize for a landscape painting in a New York exhibit.

San Francisco Bay area

By 1910 Englehart had returned to the Bay Area, where he resided in Alameda near Oakland, until his death on April 14, 1915.

Realism style

John Englehart's style was Realism, focusing on being illustrative and descriptive. He did not emphasize an evocative or romantic style, such as Thomas Hill did, to paint "Not as it is, but as it ought to be." Englehart's landscape compositions had a goal to bring the viewer closer to an actual experience of 'being there.' For most of his paintings he avoided effets de soir, choosing the midday light over the 'romantic light' of sunrise and sunset. He also incorporated multiple viewpoints in his paintings to depict the scene.

See also

Selected works

Picture Subject Englehart's
inc. org.
Price Auction
Yosemite signed as J. Englehart 64x44


2004 Christies
Yosemite signed as Ed Shroder 53x31


2006 Bonhams
Yosemite signed as J.J. Englehart 50x30


2009 JMoran
Mining signed as J.J. Englehardt  ?x? $7,500

2001 O'Gallerie
Yosemite signed as J.J. Englehart 46x32


2005 Bonhams
lake signed as J. Englehardt 50x30


2007 O'Gallerie
Mythical Valley signed as J.J. Englehart 50x30


2001 O'Gallerie
Mt. Hood signed as Englehart 50x30


2007 O'Gallerie
Mount Hood, Oregon signed as J. Englehart 48x30


2002 O'Gallerie
Lake signed as WM. J. Schon 52x30


2008 Bonhams
Crater Lake, Oregon signed as J. Englehart 36x26


2000 O'Gallerie
Yosemite signed as WM Hart 36x18


2009 Bonhams
Mt. Hood, Oregon signed as J. Englehart 36x22


2002 O'Gallerie
Mt. Hood, Oregon signed as C.N. Doughty 34x18


2003 O'Gallerie
Picture Subject Signature Size $Price Auction
Joseph John Englehart's Paintings Sold at Auction

Museum collections

  • Oakland Museum of California.
  • Washington State Historical Society.[2]
  • College of Notre Dame, in Belmont, California.
  • De Young Museum, on loan to the Society of California Pioneers, San Francisco.
  • Nevada Museum, Reno.
  • The historic Baldwin Saloon (large collection), The Dalles, Oregon.
Picture Subject Englehart's
inc. org.
Add here Add here Signature Size Museum
Picture Subject Signature Size Museum
Joseph John Englehart's Paintings In Museum

Unrelated artists

Englehart used many pseudonyms, however there are other similarly named artists, including:

  • Josef Engelhart — European oil painter.
  • Charles Montagu Doughty — poet.
  • Edna Palmer Engelhardt — oil painter.
  • Walter Albert Engelhardt — oil painter.
  • LeRoy Updyke (1876–1959) — copied Englehart in paintings for the tourist trade, University Of Washington painting instructor.


  • Hughes, Edan Artists in California 1786-1940
  • Falk Who Was Who in American Art
  • Dawdy Artists of the American West
  • Taylor, Mrs. H. J. Yosemite Indians and Other Sketches (1936)