Parks and open spaces in London
There are many parks and open spaces in London, England. Green space in central London consists of eight Royal Parks, supplemented by a number of small garden squares scattered throughout the city centre. Open space in the rest of the city is dominated by the remaining three Royal Parks and many other parks and open spaces of a range of sizes, run mainly by the local London boroughs, although other owners include the National Trust and the City of London Corporation.
- Royal parks 1
- Garden squares 2
- Council parks 3
- Other green spaces 4
- Commons 5
- Greenways 6
- By location 7
- See also 8
- References 9
- External links 10
The centrepieces of London's park system are the eight Royal Parks of London. Covering 1976 hectares (4,882 acres), they are former royal hunting grounds which are now open to the public.
- Green Park 16 ha (39.5 acres)
- St. James's Park 34 ha (84 acres)
- Greenwich Park 73 ha (180 acres)
- Hyde Park 140 ha (346 acres)
- Kensington Gardens 111 ha (274 acres)
- Regent's Park 197 ha (486.79 acres)
- Bushy Park 450 ha (1,112 acres)
- Richmond Park 955 ha (2,359.85 acres)
Many of the smaller green spaces in central London are garden squares, which were built for the private use of the residents of the fashionable districts, but in some cases are now open to the public. Notable examples open to the public are Russell Square in Bloomsbury, Lincoln's Inn Fields in Holborn and Soho Square in Soho.
The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea contains over a hundred garden squares whose use is restricted to residents. The upkeep of these squares is paid for through a levy on top of residents' council tax.
In addition to these spaces, a large number of council-owned parks were developed between the mid 19th century and the Second World War.
- Crystal Palace Park, South London 80 ha (200 acres)
- Victoria Park 86.18 ha (213 acres),
- Alexandra Park 80 ha (197.68 acres)
- Battersea Park 83 ha (205 acres).
Other green spaces
Other major open spaces in the suburbs include:
- Hampstead Heath, 320 hectares (790 acres)
- Clapham Common, 89 hectares (219.9 acres)
- Wandsworth Common, 73 hectares (180 acres)
- Wimbledon Common, about 460 hectares (1,136 acres)
- Epping Forest, 2,476 hectares (6,118 acres)
- Trent Park 169 hectares (417.6 acres)
- Hainault Forest Country Park 136 hectares (336 acres)
- Mitcham Common 182 hectares (449.7 acres)
- South Norwood Country Park 47 hectares (116 acres)
- Wildspace Conservation Park 645 hectares (1,593 acres)
- Thames Chase 9,842 hectares (24,320 acres)
They have a more informal and semi-natural character, having originally been countryside areas protected against surrounding urbanisation. Some cemeteries provide extensive green land within the city — notably Highgate Cemetery, burial place of Karl Marx and Michael Faraday amongst others. Completing London's array of green spaces are two paid entrance gardens — the leader is the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew, whilst the royal residence of Hampton Court Palace also has a celebrated garden. All Outer London boroughs contain sections of the metropolitan green belt.
There are over a hundred registered commons in London, ranging in size from small fragments of land to large expanses.
- List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Greater London
- List of Local Nature Reserves in Greater London
- Walking in London
- http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200102/cmhansrd/vo020207/text/20207w18.htm Hansard. Written answers for 7 Feb 2002. URL accessed on 17 July 2009.
- "Your garden square and you", Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, London, UK. URL accessed 20 June 2006.
- "Tower Hamlets Council > Leisure and culture > Parks and open spaces > Parks > Victoria Park > Visitor information". web page. Tower Hamlets Council. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- "Wandsworth Battersea Park". web page. Wandsworth Council. 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- David Bentley (12 February 2010). "City of London Hampstead Heath". City of London. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
- "London's heaths and commons". visitlondon.com. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
- "Wimbledon & Putney Commons facts and figures". 2007. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
- "Epping Forest You & Your Dog" (PDF). brichure. City of London. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
- "Parks & Gardens UK, Trent Park, Enfield, England". web page. Parks & Gardens Data Services Ltd. 15 August 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
- "Essex/Greater London Site Name: Hainault Forest" (PDF). Natural England. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
- "Mitcham Common". Mitcham Common Conservators. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
- "South Norwood Country Park - Children's Play Area Design and Access Statement" (PDF). Croydon Council. 27 February 2008. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
- "LTGDC launches vision for London Riverside". Invest Britain UK regional development and inward investment. 19 April 2008. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
- "Forestry Commission News Release No. 1656, 1.6 MILLION MORE TREES PROMISED FOR THE EAST OF LONDON". Forestry Commission. 28 October 1998. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
- Greater London Authority - London's strategic open space network
- London Parks and Gardens Trust
- London Landscape Architecture Visitors Guide
- Green-Spaces Guide to London
- Green Spaces Near You in London