2 Squadron SAAF
|Active||1 October 1940 to current|
|Branch||South African Air Force|
Latin: Sursam Prorsusque
("Upward and Onward")
|Mascot||Historically, two cheetah cubs|
|Equipment||JAS 39 Gripen|
|Decorations||Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation|
East Africa 1941
The Juba & The Lakes; Western Desert 1941–1943
El Alamein; French North Africa 1943
El Hamma & Tunis
South East Europe 1944–1945
Italy 1943–1945, The Sangro & Gothic Line
Korea 1950–1953, Pyongyang
|Squadron Identification Code||DB (1939–1945):14c|
2 Squadron is a squadron in the South African Air Force which was formed in 1940. The squadron has a long history, having been involved in every single combat action in which the SAAF has taken part. During the Second World War it made a name for itself in the battles for East Africa, before distinguishing itself in North Africa as part of the Desert Air Force, and later in Italy.
- World War II 1
- Korean War 2
- The Border War 3
- Aircraft operated 1945-present 4
- References 5
- Bibliography 6
- External links 7
World War II
The squadron was established on 1 October 1940. During the initial years of the war, 2 Squadron served as part of 1 Bomber Brigade in the East African Campaign and the North African Campaign. After August 1943, it also saw action in Sicily, Italy and Yugoslavia.
During the Second World War the squadron operated the following aircraft:
- Hawker Hartebees
- Hawker Fury I
- Gloster Gauntlet
- Gloster Gladiator II
- Hawker Hurricane
- Tomahawk IIIB June 1941 – May 1942
- Kittyhawk I April 1942 – June 1943
- Kittyhawk III June 1943 – July 1943
- Supermarine Spitfire Vc July 1943 – March 1944
- Supermarine Spitfire IX February 1944 – July 1945
The squadron was South Africa's contribution to the United Nations war effort during the Korean War from November 1950 to December 1953. 2 Squadron was attached to the 18th Fighter-Bomber Wing U.S. Air Force for the duration of the war. Initially flying the P-51 Mustang, the squadron re-equipped with the F-86 Sabre in February 1953. During the war the squadron flew a total of 12,067 sorties, most being dangerous ground attack missions. 74 of the 94 Mustangs and 4 out of the 22 Sabres were lost, along with 34 pilots.
The Commanding Officer of the 18th Fighter-Bomber Wing, issued a directive at the end of the war that:
|“||In memory of our gallant South African comrades, it is hereby established, as a new policy that at all Retreat Ceremonies held by this Wing, the playing of our National Anthem shall be preceded by playing the introductory bars of the South African National Anthem, 'Die Stem van Suid-Afrika'. All personnel of this Wing will render the same honours to this Anthem as our own.||”|
The Border War
Conversion to the new Mirage III occurred in 1963 and the squadron moved to AFB Hoedspruit at the end of 1978. The squadron fought in several engagements during the South-West Africa/Angola Border War.
They continued to fly the Mirages until October 1990. They later re-equipped with the Atlas Cheetah C and D, but remained 'on the books' during the hiatus between Mirage and Cheetah, not being officially disbanded at that point. Reconnaissance was also performed using Vinten Vicon 18 Series 601 pod. Regular night flying was performed and the aircrew also performed air-to-air refuelling operations with the Boeing 707 aircraft of 60 Squadron, until these were retired in 2007. The squadron participated in the annual SANDF force preparation exercises which includes using live weapons. During joint exercises with the German Luftwaffe in 2006, 40 live V3S "Snake" short-range air-to-air missiles were fired at the Denel Overberg Test Range.
Moving to Louis Trichardt (now AFB Makhado) in January 1993, 2 Squadron became the sole front line combat jet squadron in the SAAF. Till 2 April 2008 the squadron operated the Cheetah C/D fighter aircraft and was equipped with 28 examples. The squadron flew 1010 hours in 2004.
The last of the Cheetahs were retired on 2 April 2008, later that month the first new JAS 39 Gripen arrived. The SAAF accepted its first Gripen D in April 2008 and the final two Gripen D aircraft arrived in South Africa in July 2009. The first two Gripen Cs arrived on 11 February 2010 with deliveries ongoing as at October 2011. The squadron operates all the SAAF's Gripens except for the first Gripen D, which is assigned to the Test Flight and Development Centre at AFB Overberg.
Aircraft operated 1945-present
- North American F-51D Mustang July 1945 – 1953
- North American F-86F Sabre 1953
- de Havilland Vampire 1953–56
- Canadair Sabre Mk.6 1956–63
- Dassault Mirage III 1963–88
- Atlas Cheetah C and D 1988–2008
- JAS 39 Gripen 2008–present
- "THE SQUADRONS INCEPTION".
- Martin, H.J. Lt-Gen; Orpen, N.D. (1978). Eagles Victorious: South African Forces World War II. Cape Town: Purnell.
- "Squadron 2". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 18 July 2009.
- Macdonald, J.F. (1945). "Chapter II – The Story of 237 Squadron". Lion with tusk guardant. Salisbury, South Rhodesia: The Rhodesian Printing and Publishing Co. Ltd. p. 23.
- McGregor, P. M. J. (3 June 1978). "The History of No 2 Squadron, SAAF, in the Korean War". Military History Journal (The South African Military History Society) 4 (3).
- Brent, Winston A. Flying Cheetahs 1950–1953. Freeworld Publications.
- Ward, E.H. (1982). "Swifter than Eagles: A Brief history of the South African Air Force 1912-1982" (Online). Scientia Militaria - South African Journal of Military Studies 12 (2).
- "2 Squadron participation in exercise Good Hope II".
- Annual Report 2004-2005 (PDF).
- Halley, James J (1988). The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd.
- Unofficial South African Air Force website