Adrar Plateau

Adrar Plateau

The Adrar
Natural region
Landscape of the stony desert known as Reg de l'Adrar
Landscape of the stony desert known as Reg de l'Adrar
Location of the Adrar in central Mauritania
Location of the Adrar in central Mauritania
Country Mauritania
Elevation 340 m (1,120 ft)

The Adrar (Berber: , lit. mountain) is a highland natural and historical region of the Sahara Desert in northern Mauritania. The Adrar Region, an administrative division of Mauritania, is named after the traditional region.


  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Features of the Adrar 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The Adrar is an arid sand dunes. Nearby is also the famous Richat Structure. Structurally the Adrar is a low central massif with conspicuous cliffs. There is no water in the central area of the plateau and cultivation is not possible; only at the edges there is enough water to support palm groves.

The Adrar region is home to a small human population, centered on the town of Atar. The ancient town of Ouadane, formerly an important caravan and gold-trading centre, is located on the southern edge of the Adrar. Chinguetti is another important historical town in the region.[1]


The Adrar was heavily settled in the Neolithic era. The more recent aridification has left much of the archaeology intact, most notable several stone circles and the later town of Azougui.

Beginning in the mid-17th century, migrants from the Adrar Plateau region moved into the Tagant Plateau and displaced the native population.[2]

Features of the Adrar

See also


  1. ^ EB, Adrar
  2. ^ James L. A. Webb , Desert Frontier: Ecological and Economic Change Along the Western Sahel. p.50

External links

  • UNESCO: "Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata"
  • The Adrar - Lonely Planet