Archon of Athens
Archon (Gr. ἄρχων, pl. ἄρχοντες) means "ruler" or "lord," frequently used as the title of a specific public office.^{[1]} In ancient Greece the chief magistrate in various Greek city states was called Eponymous archon. The following tables list the archons of Athens.
In Athens a system of nine concurrent Archons evolved, led by three respective remits over the civic, military, and religious affairs of the state: the three office holders being known as the Eponymos archon (Ἐπώνυμος ἄρχων; the "name" ruler, who gave his name to the year in which he held office), the Polemarch ("war ruler"), and the Archon Basileus ("king ruler").^{[2]}^{[3]} The six others were the Thesmothétai, Judicial Officers. Originally these offices were filled from the wealthier classes by elections every ten years. During this period the eponymous Archon was the chief magistrate, the Polemarch was the head of the armed forces, and the Archon Basileus was responsible for some civic religious arrangements, and for the supervision of some major trials in the law courts. After 683 BC the offices were held for only a single year, and the year was named after the Archōn Epōnymos. (Many ancient calendar systems did not number their years consecutively.)
Contents
Background
The archon was the chief magistrate in many Greek cities, but in Athens there was a council of archons which exerted a form of executive government. From the late eighth century BC there were three archons: the archon eponymous, the polemarch (replaced in 501 BC by ten strategoi), and the archon basileus (the ceremonial vestige of the Athenian monarchy).^{[4]} These positions were filled from the aristocracy (the Eupatridae) by elections every ten years. During this period Archon Eponymous was the chief magistrate, the Polemarch was the head of the armed forces, and the Archon Basileus was responsible for the civic religious arrangements.
After 508 BC the offices were held for only a single year, and the year was named after the archon eponymous. The archon eponymous was the chief archon, and presided over meetings of the Boule and Ecclesia, the ancient Athenian assemblies. The archon eponymous remained the titular head of state even under the democracy, though with much reduced political importance. Under the reforms of Solon, himself archon eponymous in 594 BC, there was a brief period during which the number of archons rose to ten. After 457 BC exarchons were automatically enrolled as life members of the Areopagus, though that assembly was no longer extremely important politically at that time.
One of the archons oversaw the procedure for ostracism after 487 BC.^{[5]} An archon's court was in charge of epikleroi.^{[6]} Other duties of the archons included supervising the Panathenaea and Dionysia.^{[7]}
List of archons
In the following list of Archons, years where the name of the archon is unknown are identified as such. Years listed as "anarchy" mean that there was literally "no archon". There are various conflicting reconstructions of lists; sources for this list are given at the end. Note that the term of an archon covered two of our years, beginning in the spring or summer and continuing into the next spring or summer. The polemarch or strategoi, basileus, and thesmothetai (the six assistants to the archons) are also listed, where known.
Archaic period
Life archons
The later Athenian tradition varies on the exact position of this line; they held archonship for life, sometimes referred to as "Perpetual Archon," and exercised the sacral powers of kingship, as did the archon basileus later. The historicity of any of this ancient list may be reasonably doubted by the layman and capable of different interpretations, but where there may be no doubt as to historical documents. Aristotle indicates that Medon and Acastus may have ruled as king rather than Archon.^{[8]}
Year  Archon  Other notable information 

1068 1048 BC  Medon (Μέδων)^{[9]}  First ruler of Attica after the Greek Dark Ages. 
1048  1012 BC  Acastus (Ἄκαστος)^{[10]}^{[11]}  Troy VIIb_{2} destroyed (ca. 1120 BC). 
1012  993 BC  Archippus^{[12]}  
993 952 BC  Thersippus^{[13]}  
952 922 BC  Phorbas (Φόρβας)  Troy VIIb_{3}: deserted (ca. 950 BC) 
922 892 BC  Megacles (Μεγακλῆς)  
892 864 BC  Diognetus  
864 845 BC  Pherecles^{[14]}  Homer composes the Iliad^{[15]} and Odyssey. (c. 850 BC)^{[16]}^{[17]} 
845 825 BC  Ariphron  
824 797 BC  Thespieus (Θεσπιεύς)  
796 778 BC  Agamestor^{[18]}  
778 755 BC  Aeschylus (Αἰσχύλος)  First Olympiad^{[19]}^{[20]} (776 BC) 
755 753 BC  Alcmaeon (Ἀλκμαίων) 
Decennial archons
In 753 BC the perpetual archonship by the Eupatridae^{[21]} (essentially tyrants (kingship^{[22]})) was limited to 10 years (the "decennial archons"):^{[23]}
Year  Archon  Other notable information 

753 BC743 BC  Charops^{[24]}^{[25]}  In Rome, Romulus, the first ruler of the city, takes power.^{[26]} 
743 BC733 BC  Aesimides^{[27]}  In Messenia, First Messenian War begins. 
733 BC723 BC  Clidicus^{[28]}  Diaulos footrace introduced at the Olympics. (724 BC) 
723 BC713 BC  Hippomenes^{[29]}  
713 BC703 BC  Leocrates  
703 BC693 BC  Apsander^{[30]}  Hesiod writes "Theogony" (c. 700 BC). 
693 BC683 BC  Eryxias  Boxing added to the Olympics. (688 BC)^{[31]} Chalcedon colony founded (685 BC). 
Annual archons
After 683 BC the archonship was limited to one year. Archons were chosen from the Areopagus council and resided in the Prytaneum.
Year  Eponymous Archon  Other officials or notable events 

682 BC681 BC  Creon^{[32]}  
681 BC680 BC  Lysiades  4horse Chariot racing added to the Olympics. 
680 BC679 BC  Tlesias  
679 BC671 BC  Unknown  Greek's 25th Olympiad (676 BC) 
671 BC670 BC  Leostratus  
670 BC669 BC  Unknown  
669 BC668 BC  Pisistratus  
668 BC667 BC  Autosthenes  
667 BC666 BC  Unknown  
666 BC665 BC  Unknown  Polemarchus (archon) assassinates King Polydorus of Sparta^{[33]} 
665 BC664 BC  Unknown  
664 BC663 BC  Miltiades  
663 BC659 BC  Unknown  
659 BC658 BC  Miltiades  
658 BC645 BC  Unknown  Cypselus becomes the first tyrant of Corinth (657 BC). Earliest Greekchronicled solar eclipse (648 BC). 
645 BC644 BC  Dropides  (644 BC) Terpander^{[34]} the Lesbian^{[35]} starts developing the music of the lyre. 
644 BC639 BC  Unknown  
639 BC638 BC  Damasias  Thales was born^{[36]}^{[37]} 
638 BC634 BC  Unknown  
634 BC633 BC  Epaenetus  
633 BC632 BC  Unknown  
632 BC631 BC  Megacles  Cylon attempts to become tyrant 
631 BC624 BC  Unknown  
624 BC623 BC  Aristaechmus^{[38]}  Birth of Thales (c. 624 BC) 
623 BC621 BC  Unknown 
Reorganized
Year  Eponymous Archon  Other officials or notable events 

621 BC620 BC  Draco  Draco reforms the legal code^{[39]}^{[40]} 
620 BC615 BC  Unknown  
615 BC614 BC  Heniochides  
614 BC605 BC  Unknown  Anaximander born (c. 610 BC) 
605 BC604 BC  Aristocles  
604 BC600 BC  Unknown  
600 BC599 BC  Critias  Cleisthenes of Sicyon rules. 
599 BC597 BC  Unknown  
597 BC596 BC  Cypselus  
596 BC595 BC  Telecles  
595 BC594 BC  Philombrotus^{[41]}^{[42]}  First Sacred War begins.^{[43]} 
594 BC593 BC  Solon  Solon reforms Draco's code, then leaves Athens, resulting in weak archons and anomie 
593 BC592 BC  Dropides  
592 BC591 BC  Eucrates  
591 BC590 BC  Simon  
590 BC589 BC  anarchy  
589 BC588 BC  Phormion  
588 BC587 BC  Philippus  
587 BC586 BC  Unknown  
586 BC585 BC  anarchy  
585 BC582 BC  Unknown  Pythian Games reorganised at Delphi. 
582 BC581 BC  Damasias  Isthmian Games founded at Corinth. 
581 BC580 BC  Damasias  Damasias is expelled during his second term 
580 BC579 BC  anarchy  Committee of 10 men serves jointly as archons^{[44]} 
579 BC578 BC  anarchy  
578 BC577 BC  Unknown  
577 BC576 BC  Archestratidas  
576 BC570 BC  Unknown  Greek's 50th Olympiad (576 BC) 
570 BC569 BC  Aristomenes  
569 BC566 BC  Unknown  
566 BC565 BC  Hippocleides  
565 BC561 BC  Unknown  
561 BC560 BC  Comeas^{[45]}  Pisistratus becomes tyrant. Rhapsodist at Sicyon.^{[46]} 
560 BC559 BC  Hegestratus  
559 BC558 BC  Hegesias  
559 BC556 BC  Unknown  
556 BC555 BC  Hegesias  Pisistratus is expelled but returns and becomes tyrant again. 
555 BC554 BC  Euthidemus  
554 BC548 BC  Unknown  Pisistratus expelled around 550 BC 
548 BC547 BC  Erxicleides  
547 BC546 BC  Thespius  Pisistratus becomes tyrant again 
546 BC545 BC  Phormion  
545 BC535 BC  Unknown  
536 BC535 BC  Phrynaeus  
535 BC533 BC  Unknown  
533 BC532 BC  Thericles  
532 BC528 BC  Unknown  
528 BC527 BC  Philoneus  Hippias^{[47]} and Hipparchus^{[48]} succeed Pisistratus as tyrants 
527 BC526 BC  Onetorides  
526 BC525 BC  Hippias  
525 BC524 BC  Cleisthenes^{[49]}  Reforms of Cleisthenes.^{[50]} 
524 BC523 BC  Miltiades  
523 BC522 BC  Calliades  
522 BC521 BC  Pisistratus  
521 BC518 BC  Unknown  
518 BC517 BC  Hebron  
517 BC511 BC  Unknown  Hipparchus assassinated around 514 BC^{[51]} 
511 BC510 BC  Harpactides  Hippias overthrown, Athenian democracy established. 
510 BC509 BC  Scamandrius  
509 BC508 BC  Lysagoras  
508 BC507 BC  Isagoras  Cleisthenes competes with Isagoras for archonship, but is expelled by Cleomenes I of Sparta 
507 BC506 BC  Alcmeon  
506 BC504 BC  Unknown  
504 BC503 BC  Acestorides  
503 BC501 BC  Unknown  
501 BC500 BC  Hermocreon  
500 BC499 BC  Smyrus  Beginning of the GrecoPersian Wars 
499 BC498 BC  Lacratides^{[52]}^{[53]}  
498 BC497 BC  Unknown  
497 BC496 BC  Archias  
496 BC495 BC  Hipparchus  
495 BC494 BC  Philippus  
494 BC493 BC  Pythocritus  
493 BC492 BC  Themistocles  Themistocles begins to build the Athenian navy. End of the Ionian Revolt. 
492 BC491 BC  Diognetus  First Persian invasion of Greece. 
491 BC490 BC  Hybrilides  
490 BC489 BC  Phaenippus  Battle of Marathon; Stesileus, Callimachus. Callimachus and Miltiades are strategoi. Hellanicus of Mytilene born (c. 490 BC). 
489 BC488 BC  Aristides the Just  
488 BC487 BC  Anchises  
487 BC486 BC  Telesinus^{[54]}^{[55]}  Megacles ostracism 
486 BC485 BC  Ceures  
485 BC484 BC  Philocrates  
484 BC483 BC  Leostratus  Herodotus born (c. 484). 
483 BC482 BC  Nicodemus  
482 BC481 BC  Unknown  
481 BC480 BC  Hypsichides  Outcasts forbidden to form cleruchy on the Geraistos^{[56]} and the Scyllaeum.^{[57]}^{[58]}^{[59]} Xerxes I of Persia invades.^{[60]} 
Classical period
Year  Eponymous Archon  Other officials or notable events 

480 BC479 BC  Calliades  Golden Age of Athens begins. Second Persian invasion of Greece begins; Battle of Salamis; Aristides and Themistocles are strategoi. 
479 BC478 BC  Xanthippus  Battle of Plataea; Aristides is strategos 
478 BC477 BC  Timosthenes  Delian League founded. 
477 BC476 BC  Adimantus  
476 BC475 BC  Phaedon  
475 BC474 BC  Dromoclides  
474 BC473 BC  Acestorides  
473 BC472 BC  Menon  
472 BC471 BC  Chares  
471 BC470 BC  Praxiergus  
470 BC469 BC  Demotion  
469 BC468 BC  Apsephion  
468 BC467 BC  Theagenides  
467 BC466 BC  Lysistratus  
466 BC465 BC  Lysanias  
465 BC464 BC  Lysitheus  Sophanes is a strategos 
464 BC463 BC  Archedemides  
463 BC462 BC  Tlepolemus  Cimon is a strategos 
462 BC461 BC  Conon  Ephialtes reforms the Areopagus, and is assassinated 
461 BC460 BC  Euthippus  
460 BC459 BC  Phrasicles  War with Sparta, the First Peloponnesian War. Thucydides born (c. 460). Callisthenes of Olynthus born (c. 360). 
459 BC458 BC  Philocles  Phrynicus, Dicaeogenes and Hippodamas are strategoi; Ctesias of Cnidus born (c. 459). 
458 BC457 BC  Habron  
457 BC456 BC  Mnesitheides  
456 BC455 BC  Callias  Aeschylus dies 
455 BC454 BC  Sosistratus  
454 BC453 BC  Ariston  
453 BC452 BC  Lysicrates  
452 BC451 BC  Chaerephanes  
451 BC450 BC  Antidotus  Anaxicrates and Cimon are strategoi 
450 BC449 BC  Euthydemus  
449 BC448 BC  Pedieus  Second Sacred War begins. 
448 BC447 BC  Philiscus  Pericles, Tolmides and Epiteles are strategoi; Peace of Callias ends the GrecoPersian Wars 
447 BC446 BC  Timarchides  Construction of the Parthenon begins. 
446 BC445 BC  Callimachus  
445 BC444 BC  Lysimachides^{[61]}  Peace between Athens and Sparta. Age of Pericles begins. 
444 BC443 BC  Praxiteles  Pericles is a strategos 
443 BC442 BC  Lysanias  Pericles is a strategos 
442 BC441 BC  Diphilus  Pericles is a strategos 
441 BC440 BC  Timocles  Pericles and Glaucon are strategoi^{[62]}^{[63]} 
440 BC439 BC  Morychides  Pericles is a strategos 
439 BC438 BC  Glaucinus  Pericles is a strategos 
438 BC437 BC  Theodorus  Pericles is a strategos 
437 BC436 BC  Euthymenes  Pericles is a strategos. Construction of the Propylaea begins 
436 BC435 BC  Lysimachus  Pericles is a strategos 
435 BC434 BC  Antiochides  Pericles is a strategos 
434 BC433 BC  Crates  Pericles is a strategos 
433 BC432 BC  Apseudes  Pericles, Lacedaemonius, Diotimus, and Proteas are strategoi 
432 BC431 BC  Pythodorus  (Second) Peloponnesian War begins; Pericles and Callias are strategoi 
431 BC430 BC  Euthydemus  Pericles is a strategos. Xenophon of Athens born (c. 430). 
430 BC429 BC  Apollodorus  Pericles dies; Xenophon, Hestiodorus, Calliades, Melesandrus, and Phanomachus are strategoi. 
429 BC428 BC  Epameinon  Phormio is a strategos. Plato^{[64]} born.^{[65]}^{[66]} 
428 BC427 BC  Diotimus  Demosthenes, Asopius, Paches, Cleidippes, and Lysicles are strategoi 
427 BC426 BC  Eucles  Nicias, Charoiades and Procles are strategoi 
426 BC425 BC  Euthynus  Laches and Hippocrates are strategoi 
425 BC424 BC  Stratocles  Nicias, Eurymedon, Pythodorus, and Sophocles are strategoi 
424 BC423 BC  Isarchus  Demosthenes, Cleon, Thucydides and Hippocrates are strategoi 
423 BC422 BC  Aminias  Cleon is a strategos 
422 BC421 BC  Alcaeus  Cleon is a strategos 
421 BC420 BC  Aristion  Construction of the Erechtheion begins. 
420 BC419 BC  Astyphilus  Alcibiades is strategos 
419 BC418 BC  Archias  
418 BC417 BC  Antiphon  Laches and Nicostratus^{[67]} are strategoi^{[68]}^{[69]} 
417 BC416 BC  Euphemus  Beginning of the Syracusan Expedition 
416 BC415 BC  Arimnestus  Nicias, Alcibiades, and Lamachus are strategoi 
415 BC414 BC  Charias  Alcibiades is a strategos 
414 BC413 BC  Tisandrus  Lamachus is a strategos 
413 BC412 BC  Cleocritus  Eurymedon, Demosthenes, and Nicias are strategoi; the latter two are executed in Sicily after the Syracusan Expedition fails 
412 BC411 BC  Callias Scambonides  
411 BC410 BC  Mnasilochus (died); Theopompus  Simichus and Aristarchus are strategoi 
410 BC409 BC  Glaucippus  
409 BC408 BC  Diocles  Anytus is a strategos 
408 BC407 BC  Euctemon  
407 BC406 BC  Antigenes  Alcibiades, Adeimantus, and Aristocrates are strategoi 
406 BC405 BC  Callias Angelides  Archestratus, Thrasylus, Pericles, Lysias, Diomedon, Aristocrates, Erasinides, Protomachus, and Aristogenes are strategoi 
405 BC404 BC  Alexias  Adeimantus, Eucrates, Philocles, Menandrus, Tydeus, and Cephisodotus are strategoi 
404 BC403 BC  Pythodorus  Sparta sets up the oligarchy of the Thirty Tyrants; Pythodorus not recognized as Eponymous Archon 
403 BC402 BC  Eucleides^{[70]}^{[71]}  Thirty Tyrants expelled, democracy reestablished. Old Attic alphabet was officially abolished in favor of the Ionic alphabet of twentyfour letters. 
402 BC401 BC  Micon  
401 BC400 BC  Xenaenetus  
400 BC399 BC  Laches  
399 BC398 BC  Aristocrates  Trial and death of Socrates 
398 BC397 BC  Euthycles  
397 BC396 BC  Souniades  
396 BC395 BC  Phormion  
395 BC394 BC  Diophandus^{[72]}^{[73]}^{[74]}  Athens joins the Corinthian War against Sparta 
394 BC393 BC  Ebulides  
393 BC392 BC  Demostratus  Adeimantus is a strategos 
392 BC391 BC  Philocles  
391 BC390 BC  Nicoteles  
390 BC389 BC  Demostratus  Thrasybulus and Ergocles are strategoi 
389 BC388 BC  Antipatrus  Agyrrhius and Pamphilus are strategoi 
388 BC387 BC  Pyrgion  Thrasybulus and Dionysius are strategoi 
387 BC386 BC  Theodotus  Sacred Band of Thebes formed. 
386 BC385 BC  Mystichides  The Corinthian War ends with the Peace of Antalcidas. 
385 BC384 BC  Dexitheus  
384 BC383 BC  Dietrephes  
383 BC382 BC  Phanostratus  
382 BC381 BC  Evandrus  
381 BC380 BC  Demophilus  
380 BC379 BC  Pytheas  
379 BC378 BC  Nicon  Renewed war with Sparta 
378 BC377 BC  Nausinicus  Second Athenian Empire begins. 
377 BC376 BC  Calleas  
376 BC375 BC  Charisandrus  Cedon is a strategos. Athenian fleet defeats Spartans at Battle of Naxos. 
375 BC374 BC  Hippodamas  
374 BC373 BC  Socratides  
373 BC372 BC  Asteius  Iphicrates, Callistratus, Chabrias, and Timotheus are strategoi 
372 BC371 BC  Alcisthenes  
371 BC370 BC  Phrasicleides  Peace with Sparta. The Spartans are defeated by the Thebans at the Battle of Leuctra 
370 BC369 BC  Dyscinitus  
369 BC368 BC  Lysistratus  
368 BC367 BC  Nausigenes  
367 BC366 BC  Polyzelus  
366 BC365 BC  Ciphisodorus  Chabrias is a strategos 
365 BC364 BC  Chion  Iphicrates is a strategos 
364 BC363 BC  Timocrates  
363 BC362 BC  Charicleides  Ergophilus and Callisthenes are strategoi 
362 BC361 BC  Molon  Leosthenes and Autocles are strategoi; Athens and Sparta are defeated by the Thebans at Mantinea. 
361 BC360 BC  Nicophemus  Timomachus is a strategos 
360 BC359 BC  Callimides  Menon, Timotheus, and Cephisodotus are strategoi 
359 BC358 BC  Eucharistus  
358 BC357 BC  Ciphisodotus  
357 BC356 BC  Agathocles  Chabrias is a strategos. War of the Allies begins. 
356 BC355 BC  Elpines  Iphicrates, Timotheus, and Menestheus are strategoi. Third Sacred War begins. Hieronymus of Cardia born (356 BC). 
355 BC354 BC  Callistratus  
354 BC353 BC  Diotemus  
353 BC352 BC  Thudemus  
352 BC351 BC  Aristodemus  
351 BC350 BC  Theellus  Theogenes is Basileus (possibly) 
350 BC349 BC  Apollodorus^{[75]}^{[76]}  
349 BC348 BC  Callimachus  Hegesileus is a strategos 
348 BC347 BC  Theophilus  
347 BC346 BC  Themistocles  Proxenus is a strategos 
346 BC345 BC  Archias  
345 BC344 BC  Ebulus  Timaeus born (c. 345 BC). 
344 BC343 BC  Lyciscus  Phocion is a strategos. 
343 BC342 BC  Pythodotus  
342 BC341 BC  Sosigenes  
341 BC340 BC  Nicomachus  
340 BC339 BC  Theophrastus  Phocion is a strategos 
339 BC338 BC  Lysimachides  Phocion is a strategos, and is defeated by Philip II of Macedon 
338 BC337 BC  Xaerondas  Lysicles is a strategos 
337 BC336 BC  Phrynichus  
336 BC335 BC  Pythodilus  
335 BC334 BC  Evaenetus  
334 BC333 BC  Ctisicles  
333 BC332 BC  Nicocrates  
332 BC331 BC  Nicites  
331 BC330 BC  Aristophanes  
330 BC329 BC  Aristophon  
329 BC328 BC  Ciphisophon  
328 BC327 BC  Euthicritus  
327 BC326 BC  Hegemon  
326 BC325 BC  Chremes  
325 BC324 BC  Andicles  Philocles is a strategos 
324 BC323 BC  Hegesias  
323 BC322 BC  Ciphisodorus  Phocion and Leosthenes are strategoi; The Lamian War with Macedon erupts upon Alexander the Great's death. Partition of Babylon and the formation of the Ptolemaic Kingdom. 
322 BC321 BC  Philocles  Wars of the Diadochi begins. 
321 BC320 BC  Archippus  
320 BC319 BC  Neaechmus  
319 BC318 BC  Apollodorus  
318 BC317 BC  Archippus  
317 BC316 BC  Demogenes  Demetrius Phalereus installed by the Macedonian regent Cassander as Governor. 
316 BC315 BC  Democleides  
315 BC314 BC  Praxibulus  
314 BC313 BC  Nicodorus  
313 BC312 BC  Theophrastus  
312 BC311 BC  Polemon  Seleucid Empire begins. 
311 BC310 BC  Simonides  
310 BC309 BC  Hieromnemon  
309 BC308 BC  Demetrius  
308 BC307 BC  Charinus  
307 BC306 BC  Anaxicrates  Lysias is a thesmothete;^{[77]} Demetrius Phalereus is expelled when Demetrius I Poliorcetes captures the city from Cassander. 
306 BC305 BC  Coroebus  Pamphilus is a thesmothete. Antigonid dynasty begins. 
305 BC304 BC  Euxenippus  Autolycus is a thesmothete 
304 BC303 BC  Pherecles  Epicharinus is a thesmothete 
303 BC302 BC  Leostratus  Diophantus is a thesmothete 
Hellenistic period
Year  Eponymous Archon  Other officials or notable events 

302 BC301 BC  Nicocles  Nicon is a thesmothete. Antipatrid dynasty begins. 
301 BC300 BC  Clearchus  Mnesarchus is a thesmothete 
300 BC299 BC  Hegemachus  
299 BC298 BC  Euctemon  Theophilus is a thesmothete 
298 BC297 BC  Mnesidemus  
297 BC296 BC  Antiphates  
296 BC295 BC  Nicias  Anticrates is a thesmothete 
295 BC294 BC  Nicostratus  Dorotheus is a thesmothete 
294 BC293 BC  Olympiodorus  Thrasycles is a thesmothete 
293 BC292 BC  Olympiodorus  Epicurus is a thesmothete 
292 BC291 BC  Philippus  
291 BC290 BC  Cimon  
290 BC289 BC  Aristonymus  
289 BC288 BC  Charinus (?)  
288 BC287 BC  Xenophon (?)  
287 BC286 BC  Diocles  Xenophon is a thesmothete 
286 BC285 BC  Diotimus  Lysistratus is a thesmothete 
285 BC284 BC  Isaeus  
284 BC283 BC  Euthius  Nausimenes is a thesmothete 
283 BC282 BC  Nicias  Theophilus is a thesmothete 
282 BC281 BC  Ourius  Euxenus is a thesmothete. Attalid dynasty begins. 
281 BC280 BC  Gorgias  
280 BC279 BC  Sosistratus (?)  
279 BC278 BC  Anaxicrates  Gallic invasion of the Balkans. 
278 BC277 BC  Democles  
277 BC276 BC  Euboulus (?)  
276 BC275 BC  Olbius  Cydias is a thesmothete 
275 BC274 BC  Philippides (?)  
274 BC273 BC  Glaucippus  Euthonius is a thesmothete 
273 BC272 BC  Unknown  
272 BC271 BC  Telocles (?)  
271 BC270 BC  Pytharatus  
270 BC269 BC  Peithidemus  Cleigenes is a thesmothete 
269 BC268 BC  Diogeiton  Theodotus is a thesmothete 
268 BC267 BC  Menecles  Theodorus is a thesmothete 
267 BC266 BC  Nicias  Isocrates is a thesmothete; The Chremonidean War against Macedon begins 
266 BC265 BC  Hagnias (?)  Potamon is a thesmothete 
265 BC264 BC  Philocrates  Hegesippus is a thesmothete 
264 BC263 BC  Diognetus  
263 BC262 BC  Antipatrus  
262 BC261 BC  Arrheneides  
261 BC260 BC  Cleomachus  Aphthonetus is a thesmothete; Athens is captured by Antigonus II of Macedon, ending the Chremonidean War 
260 BC259 BC  Polystratus (?)  
259 BC258 BC  Unknown  
258 BC257 BC  Antiphon (?)  
257 BC256 BC  Thymochares (?)  Sostratus is a thesmothete 
256 BC255 BC  Alcibiades (?)  
255 BC254 BC  Euboulus  
254 BC253 BC  Philostratus (?)  
253 BC252 BC  Lysitheides (?)  
252 BC251 BC  Lyceas (?)  
251 BC250 BC  Callimedes  Callias is a thesmothete 
250 BC249 BC  Antimachus  Chaerigenes 
249 BC248 BC  Thersilochus  Diodotus is a thesmothete 
248 BC247 BC  Polyeuctus  Chaerephon is a thesmothete 
247 BC246 BC  Hieron  Phaenylus is a thesmothete 
246 BC245 BC  Diomedon  Phoryscides is a thesmothete 
245 BC244 BC  Theophemus  Procles is a thesmothete 
244 BC243 BC  Philoneus  
243 BC242 BC  Cydenor  
242 BC241 BC  Eurycleides  
241 BC240 BC  Lysiades  Aristomachus is a thesmothete 
240 BC239 BC  Athenodorus  Arcetus is a thesmothete 
239 BC238 BC  Lysias  
238 BC237 BC  Pheidostratus  
237 BC236 BC  Cimon  
236 BC235 BC  Ecphantus  
235 BC234 BC  Lysanias  Eumelus is a thesmothete 
234 BC233 BC  Phanostratus (?)  
233 BC232 BC  Unknown  
232 BC231 BC  Jason  
231 BC230 BC  Unknown  
230 BC229 BC  Phanomachus (?)  
229 BC228 BC  Heliodorus  Charias is a thesmothete 
228 BC227 BC  Leochares  Theocrisius is a thesmothete 
227 BC226 BC  Theophilus  Philippus is a thesmothete 
226 BC225 BC  Ergochares  Zoilus is a thesmothete 
225 BC224 BC  Nicetes  
224 BC223 BC  Antiphilus  
223 BC222 BC  Unknown  
222 BC221 BC  Archelaus  Moschus is a thesmothete 
221 BC220 BC  Thrasyphon  
220 BC219 BC  Menecrates  
219 BC218 BC  Chaerephon  
218 BC217 BC  Callimachus (?)  Aristoteles is a thesmothete 
217 BC216 BC  Unknown  
216 BC215 BC  Hagnias  Potamon 
215 BC214 BC  Diocles  Aristophanes is a thesmothete. First Macedonian War begins. (214 BC) 
214 BC213 BC  Euphiletus  
213 BC212 BC  Heracleitus  
212 BC211 BC  Philinus (?)  
211 BC210 BC  Aeschron  
210 BC209 BC  Unknown  
209 BC208 BC  Callaeschrus  Archicles is a thesmothete 
208 BC207 BC  Ancylus (?)  
207 BC206 BC  Pantiades (?)  
206 BC205 BC  Callistratus (?)  Hagnonides is a thesmothete 
205 BC204 BC  Euandrus (?)  
204 BC203 BC  Apollodorus  
203 BC202 BC  Proxenides  Euboulus is a thesmothete 
202 BC201 BC  Euthycritus (?)  
201 BC200 BC  Nicophon (?)  Second Macedonian War begins(200 BC). 
200 BC199 BC  Dionysius (?)  Polybius born (c. 200 BC). 
199 BC198 BC  Philon (?)  
198 BC197 BC  Diodotus  
197 BC196 BC  Sositeles  
196 BC195 BC  Charicles  Aeschrion is a thesmothete 
195 BC193 BC  Unknown  
193 BC192 BC  Phanarchides  Seleucid War begins (192 BC). 
192 BC191 BC  Diodotus  Procles is a thesmothete 
191 BC190 BC  Unknown  Cephalus is a thesmothete 
190 BC189 BC  Hippias (?)  Theodosius is possibly a thesmothete 
189 BC188 BC  Isocrates (?)  
188 BC187 BC  Symmachus  Archicles is a thesmothete 
187 BC186 BC  Theoxenus  Bioteles is possibly a thesmothete 
186 BC185 BC  Zopyrus  Megaristus is a thesmothete 
185 BC184 BC  Eupolemus  Stratonicus is a thesmothete 
184 BC183 BC  Sosigenes (?)  
183 BC182 BC  Hermogenes  
182 BC181 BC  Timesianax  
181 BC180 BC  Telesarchides  
180 BC179 BC  Dionysius (?)  Jason is a thesmothete 
179 BC178 BC  Menedemus  
178 BC177 BC  Philon  Philistion is a thesmothete 
177 BC176 BC  Speusippus  
176 BC175 BC  Hippacus  
175 BC174 BC  Sonicus  Pausanias is a thesmothete 
174 BC173 BC  Unknown  
173 BC172 BC  Alexandrus (?)  Third Macedonian War begins (172 BC). 
172 BC171 BC  Sosigenes  
171 BC170 BC  Antigenes  Sosandrus is a thesmothete 
170 BC169 BC  Unknown  
169 BC168 BC  Eunicus  Hieronymus is a thesmothete 
168 BC167 BC  Xenocles  Sthenedemus is a thesmothete 
167 BC166 BC  Nicosthenes (?)  
166 BC165 BC  Achaeus  Heracleon is a thesmothete 
165 BC164 BC  Pelops  Dionysicles is a thesmothete 
164 BC163 BC  Charias (?)  
163 BC162 BC  Erastus  Demetrius is a thesmothete 
162 BC161 BC  Poseidonius  
161 BC160 BC  Aristolas  
160 BC159 BC  Tychandrus  Sosigenes is a thesmothete 
159 BC158 BC  Diocles (?)  Dionysodorus is a thesmothete 
158 BC157 BC  Aristaechmus  
157 BC156 BC  Anthesterius  
156 BC155 BC  Callistratus  
155 BC154 BC  Mnestheus  Philiscus is a thesmothete 
154 BC153 BC  Epaenetus (?)  
153 BC152 BC  Aristophantus (?)  
152 BC151 BC  Phaedrias (?)  
151 BC150 BC  Andreas (?)  
150 BC149 BC  Zeleucus (?)  Fourth Macedonian War begins (150 BC). 
149 BC148 BC  Micion (?)  
148 BC147 BC  Lysiades (?)  
147 BC146 BC  Archon  Rome takes control of Greece 
Roman period
Year  Eponymous Archon  Other officials or notable events 

146 BC145 BC  Epicrates  
145 BC144 BC  Metrophanes  Epigenes is a thesmothete 
144 BC143 BC  Hermias (?)  
143 BC142 BC  Theaetetus  
142 BC141 BC  Aristophon  
141 BC140 BC  Pleistaenus (?)  
140 BC139 BC  Hagnotheus  Menecrates is a thesmothete 
139 BC138 BC  Apollodorus  
138 BC137 BC  Timarchus  
137 BC136 BC  Heracleitus  Dionysius is a thesmothete 
136 BC135 BC  Timarchides  
135 BC134 BC  Dionysius  Theolytus is a thesmothete 
134 BC133 BC  Nicomachus  
133 BC132 BC  Xenon  
132 BC131 BC  Ergocles  
131 BC130 BC  Epicles  Gorgilus is a thesmothete 
130 BC129 BC  Demostratus  
129 BC128 BC  Lyciscus  
128 BC127 BC  Dionysius  
127 BC126 BC  Theodorides  Sosicrates is a thesmothete 
126 BC125 BC  Diotimus  
125 BC124 BC  Jason  Athenodorus is a thesmothete 
124 BC123 BC  Nicias (died); Isigenes  
123 BC122 BC  Demetrius  
122 BC121 BC  Nicodemus  Epigenes is a thesmothete 
121 BC120 BC  Phocion (?)  Euandros is possibly a thesmothete 
120 BC119 BC  Eumachus  
119 BC118 BC  Hipparchus  
118 BC117 BC  Lenaeus  Isidorus is a thesmothete 
117 BC116 BC  Menoites  
116 BC115 BC  Sarapion  Sophocles is a thesmothete 
115 BC114 BC  Nausias  
114 BC113 BC  Pleistaenus  
113 BC112 BC  Paramonus  
112 BC111 BC  Dionysius  Lamius is a thesmothete 
111 BC110 BC  Sosicrates  
110 BC109 BC  Polycleitus  
109 BC108 BC  Jason  Epiphanes is a thesmothete 
108 BC107 BC  Demochares  
107 BC106 BC  Aristarchus  Telestes is a thesmothete 
106 BC105 BC  Agathocles  Eucles is a thesmothete 
105 BC104 BC  Heracleides  
104 BC103 BC  Diocles (?)  
103 BC102 BC  Theocles  
102 BC101 BC  Echecrates  
101 BC100 BC  Medeius  Philion is a thesmothete 
100 BC99 BC  Theodosius  
99 BC98 BC  Procles  
98 BC97 BC  Argeius  
97 BC96 BC  Argeius  
96 BC95 BC  Heracleitus  
95 BC94 BC  Diocles (?)  
94 BC93 BC  Isocrates (?)  
93 BC92 BC  Callias  
92 BC91 BC  Menedemos (?)  
91 BC90 BC  Medeius  
90 BC89 BC  Medeius  
89 BC88 BC  Medeius  
88 BC87 BC  anarchy  
87 BC86 BC  Philanthes  Rome annexes Athens 
86 BC85 BC  Hierophantes  
85 BC84 BC  Pythocritus  
84 BC83 BC  Aeschraeus (?)  Athens is captured by the Roman troops of Lucius Cornelius Sulla 
83 BC82 BC  Seleucus (?)  
82 BC81 BC  Herecleodorus (?)  
81 BC80 BC  Apollodorus (?)  
80 BC78 BC  Unknown  
78 BC77 BC  Zenion (?)  
77 BC75 BC  Unknown  
75 BC74 BC  Aeschines  
74 BC73 BC  Unknown  
73 BC72 BC  Nicetes (?)  
72 BC71 BC  Unknown  
71 BC70 BC  Aristoxenus (?)  
70 BC69 BC  Criton (?)  
69 BC67 BC  Unknown  
67 BC66 BC  Theoxenus (?)  
66 BC65 BC  Medeius (?)  
65 BC62 BC  Unknown  
62 BC61 BC  Aristeius  
61 BC60 BC  Theophemus  
60 BC59 BC  Herodes  
59 BC58 BC  Leucius  
58 BC57 BC  Calliphon  
57 BC56 BC  Diocles  
56 BC55 BC  Cointus  
55 BC54 BC  Aristoxenus (or Aristodemus?)  
54 BC53 BC  Zenon  
53 BC52 BC  Diodorus  
52 BC51 BC  Lysandrus  
51 BC50 BC  Lysiades  
50 BC49 BC  Demetrius  
49 BC48 BC  Demochares  
48 BC47 BC  Philocrates  
47 BC46 BC  Diocles  
46 BC45 BC  Apolexis  
45 BC44 BC  Polycharmus  
44 BC43 BC or 43 BC42 BC  Diocles Azenieus  
42 BC41 BC  Euthydomus  
41 BC40 BC  Nicandrus  
40 BC39 BC  Philostratus  
39 BC38 BC  Diocles Meliteus  
38 BC37 BC  Menandrus  
37 BC36 BC  Theopeithes  
36 BC35 BC  Asclepiodorus  
35 BC34 BC  Unknown  
34 BC33 BC  Pammenes (?)  
33 BC32 BC  Cleidamus (?)  
32 BC31 BC  Epicrates (?)  
31 BC30 BC  Polycleitus Phlyeus (?)  
30 BC29 BC  Architemus (?)  
29 BC26 BC  Unknown  
26 BC25 BC  Dioteimus Alaieus  
25 BC21 BC  Unknown  
21 BC20 BC  Demeas Azenieus  
20 BC19 BC  Apolexis  
19 BC16 BC  Unknown  
16 BC15 BC  Pythagoras  
15 BC14 BC  Antiochus  
14 BC13 BC  Polyainus  
13 BC12 BC  Zenon  
12 BC11 BC  Leonides  
11 BC10 BC  Theophilus  
10 BC9 BC  Unknown  
9 BC8 BC  Nicias Athmoneus (?)  
8 BC7 BC  Demochares Azanieus (?)  
7 BC6 BC  Unknown  
6 BC5 BC  Xenon Phlyeus (?)  
5 BC4 BC  Apolexis Philocratous ex Oiou (?)  
4 BC3 BC  Aristodemus (?)  
3 BC2 BC  Nicostratus (?)  
2 BC1 BC  Demochares Azenius (?)  
1 BC1  Anaxagoras (?)  
12  Areius Paianieus (?)  
23  Cedeides (?)  
34  Menneas (?)  
45  Polyainus Marathonius (?)  
56  Polycharmus Azenius (?)  
67  Theophilus (?)  
724  Unknown  
2425  Charmides  
2526  Callicratides  
2627  Pamphilus  JulioClaudian dynasty begins. 
2728  Themistocles Marathonius  
2829  Oinophilus  
2930  Boethus  
3036  Unknown  
3637  Rhoemetalcas the younger  
3738  Polycritus  
3839  Zenon  
3940  Secoundus  
4046  Unknown  
4546  Antipatrus the younger Phlyeus  
4649  Unknown  
4950  Deinophilus  
5054  Unknown  
5354  Dionysodorus  
5455  Unknown  
5556  Conon  
5661  Unknown  
6162  Thrasyllus  
6265  Unknown  
6465  Gaius Carreinas Secundus  
6566  Demostratus  
6691  Unknown  Year of the Four Emperors (AD 69). Flavian dynasty begins (AD 69). 
9192  Titus Flavius Domitianus  Also Roman Emperor 
9293  Trevilius Rufus  
9394  Unknown  
9495  Octavius Theion  
9596  Octavius Proclus  Nerva–Antonine dynasty begins. 
9697  Aeolion  
9798  Unknown  
9899  Coponius Maximus Agnoösius  
99100  Lucius Vibullius Hipparchus  
100101  Flavius Stratolaus Phylesius  
101102  Claudius Demophilus  
102103  Flavius Sophocles Sounieus  
103104  Flavius Pintenus Gargottius  
104105  Flavius Conon Sounieus  
105107  Unknown  
107108  Flavius Alcibiades Paeanieus  
108109  Julius Antiochus Philopappus (died); Laelianus  
109110  Cassius Diogenes  
110111  Flavius Euphanes  
111112  Gaius Julius Cassius Steirieus  
112113  Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus  Later Roman Emperor 
113114  Deëdius Secundus Sphettius  
114115  Unknown  
115116  Publius Fulvius Mitrodorus Sounieus  
116117  Flavius Macreanus Acharneus  
117118  Unknown  
118119  Maximus Agnoösius  
119126  Unknown  
126127  Claudius Herodes Marathonius  
127128  Gaius Memmius Peissandrus Colytteus  
128131  Unknown  
131132  Claudius Philogenus Visseieus  
132133  Claudius Domitianus Visseieus  
133134  Unknown  
134135  Antisthenes  
135138  Unknown  
138139  Praxagoras Thoricius  
139140  Flavius Alcibiades Paianieus  
140141  Claudius Attalus Sphettius  
141142  Publius Aelius Phileas Meliteus  
142143  Aelius Alexandrus Phalereus  
143144  Publius Aelius Vibullius Rufus  
144145  Syllas  
145146  Flavius Arrianus Paianieus  
146147  Titus Flavius Alcibiades Paeanieus  
147148  Soteles Philippus Estiaeothen  
148149  Lucius Nummius Ieroceryx Phalereus  
149150  Quintus Alleius Epictetus  
150151  Aelius Ardys  
151152  Aelius Callicrates  
152153  Lucius Nummius Menis Phalereus  
153154  Aelius Alexandrus III  
154155  Praxagoras Meliteus  
155156  Popillius Theotimus Sounieus  
156157  Aelius Gelus II  
157158  Lycomedes  
158159  Titus Aurelius Philemon Philades  
159160  Tiberius Claudius Lysiades Meliteus  
160161  Publius Aelius Themison Pammenes Azenieus  
161162  Lucius Memmius Thoricius  
162163  Pompeius Alexandrus Acharneus  
163164  Philisteides Peiraieus  
164165  Pompeius Daidouchus  
165166  Sextus Phalereus  
166167  Marcus Valerius Mamertinus Marathonius  
167168  anarchy  
168169  Tineius Ponticus Besaieus  
169170  anarchy  
170171  Tiberius Memmius Phlaccus Marathonius  
171172  anarchy  
172173  Biesius Peison Meliteus  
173174  Sallustianus Aeolion Phlyeus  
174175  Aurelius Dionysius  
175176  Claudius Heracleides Meliteus  
176177  Aristocleides Peiraieus  
177178  Scribonius Capiton (?)  
178179  Flavius Stratolaus Phylasius  
179180  Athenodorus Agrippas Iteaius  
180181  Claudius Demostratus Meliteus  
181182  Daedouchus  
182183  Marcus Munatius Maximianus Ouopiscus  
183184  Domitius Aristaius Paionides  
184185  Titus Flavius Sosigenes Palleneus  
185186  Philoteimus Arcesidemou Eleousius  
186187  Gaius Fabius Thisbianus Marathonius  
187188  Tiberius Claudius Bradouas Atticus Marathonius  
188189  Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus  Also Roman Emperor 
189190  Menogenes  
190191  Gaius Peinarius Proclus Agnousius  
191192  Unknown  
192193  Gaius Helvidius Secundus Palleneus  Severan dynasty begins. 
193199  Unknown  
199200  Gaius Quintus Imerus Marathonius  
200203  Unknown  
203204  Gaius Cassianus Steirieus  
204209  Unknown  
209210  Flavius Diogenes Marathonius  
210212  Unknown  
212213  Aurelius Dionysius Acharneus  
213220  Unknown  
220221  Titus Flavius (?) Philinus  
221222  Aurelius Melpomenus Antinoeus  
222230  Unknown  
230231  Cassianus Hieroceryx Steirieus  
231233  Unknown  
233234  Vib. Lysandrus  
234235  Epictetus Acharneus  
235240  Unknown  Crisis of the Third Century (AD 235). 
240241  Cassianus Philippus Steirieus  
241254  Unknown  Diocletian born (AD 244) 
254255  Lucius Flavius Philustratus Steirieus  
255262  Unknown  
262263  Publius Herennius Dexippus (?)  Also archon Basileus? 
263264  Unknown  
264265  Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus  Also Roman Emperor 
265274  Unknown  
274275  Titus Flavius Mondon Phlyeus 
Titus Flavius Mondon Phlyeus was the last known Archon. After him, the office was presumably abolished.
See also
 Timeline of ancient Greece
 Regnal name
 Archon basileus
 Hierotheos the Thesmothete, reported first head of the Christians of Athens.
 Polemarch (replaced in 501 BC by ten strategoi)
Further reading
 Ron Owens, Justice and the Political Reforms of Solon, Eponymous Archon at Athens, 594593 BC. Australian National University, 2000.
 Companion to Greek studies. 1906.
 Greek antiquities, William Smith (sir). A dictionary of Greek and Roman antiquities. 1848.
 Sir William Smith, A New Classical Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography, Mythology, and Geography: Partly Based Upon the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Harper & Brothers, 1851.
 Sir William Smith. AbaeusDysponteus. J. Murray, 1890.
 Sir William Smith. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology: EarinusNyx. J. Murray, 1876.
 William Smith (Ed.) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology: OarsesZygia. J. Murray, 1880.
 HenryFines Clinton. Fasti Hellenici, the Civil and Literary Chronology of Greece, from the Earliest Accounts to the Death of Augustus. University Press, 1841.
 E. Pococke, J. B. Ottley, John T. Rutt, Thomas Noon Talfourd. The History of Greece. "Greek Chronology". Griffin, 1852.
References
 General information
 Evelyn Abbott. A Skeleton Outline of Greek History: Chronologically Arranged. Longmans, Green, 1910.
 George Crabb. Universal Historical Dictionary. Baldwin and Cradock, 1833. Pg 90+
 William Hales, Chronology and geography. C.J.G. & F. Rivington, 1830. Pg 123+
 Transactions of the Chronological Institute of London, Volumes 12. 1853. Pg 24+
 George Grot. History of Greece, Volume 11. Pg 487488
 Plutarch. Six of Plutarch's Greek Lives. C. Scribner's sons, 1901.
 Sources
 Adapted from my.raex.com
 Adkins, Lesley and Roy A. Handbook to Life in Ancient Greece New York: Oxford University Press 1997 ISBN 019512491X
 Aristotle's Athenian Constitution
 William Bell Dinsmoor, The Archons of Athens in the Hellenistic Age. Cambridge, 1931 (1966 reprint)
 William Bell Dinsmoor, The Athenian Archon List in the Light of Recent Discoveries. Columbia University Press, 1939 (1974 reprint, ISBN 0837147352)
 Fox, Robin Lane The Classical World: An Epic History from Homer to Hadrian New York: Basic Books 2006 ISBN 0465024963
 Debra Hamel, Athenian Generals: Military Authority in the Classical Period. Koninklijke Brill NV, 1998.
 Lacey, W. K. The Family in Classical Greece Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press 1968
 Citations

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