Bruno Koschmider

Bruno Koschmider (born 1926, Danzig (Gdańsk) - died 2000, Hamburg, Germany) was a German entrepreneur in Hamburg, Germany best known for employing the Beatles in the early 1960s. He controlled various businesses, such as the Bambi Kino, which was a cinema, the Indra club and the Kaiserkeller.

The Beatles

Allan Williams booked the Beatles (in May 1960) into Koschmider's Indra club.[1][2]

The Beatles first played at the [7]


Koschmider has been portrayed in films about the early career of the Beatles.

He was played by Richard Marner in the 1979 film Birth of the Beatles, by Paul Humpoletz in the 1994 film Backbeat, and by Alex Cox in the 2000 TV movie In His Life: The John Lennon Story.


  1. ^ Miles. p56.
  2. ^ a b c d e Photos of Clubs in Hamburg
  3. ^ Miles. pp57-8.
  4. ^ Cynthia Lennon “John”. p93.
  5. ^ Miles. pp71-72.
  6. ^ a b Miles. p72.
  7. ^ Miles. pp72-73.