Chenango County, New York
|Chenango County, New York|
Chenango County Courthouse
Location in the state of New York
New York's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 15, 1798|
|• Total||899 sq mi (2,328 km2)|
|• Land||895 sq mi (2,318 km2)|
|• Water||4 sq mi (10 km2), 0.48%|
|• Density||56/sq mi (21.7/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Chenango County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,477. Its county seat is Norwich. The county's name originates from an Oneida word meaning "large bull-thistle."
When English colonists organized counties in 1683 in what is now New York, the present Chenango County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. But, territories located to the west of present-day Pennsylvania were under effective French control as part of New France. Albany County was reduced in size on July 3, 1766, by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.
In the years prior to 1776, during the increasing tensions most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Fort Niagara on the Western Frontier. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the Americans renamed Tryon County as Montgomery County in honor of the US general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec. They replaced the name of the former British governor.
In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present Ontario County, as it included the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties.
Chenango County was formed on March 15, 1798 from 1,610 square miles (4,170 km2) of Tioga and Herkimer counties.
On March 21, 1806, 650 square miles (1,680 km2) of Chenango County was partitioned to produce Madison County. This resulted in the current borders of Chenango County in the early 21st century.
Chenango County is in the approximate center of the state, west of Albany, north of Binghamton, and southeast of Syracuse. The county is considered to be in the Southern Tier region of New York State.
- Madison County, New York - north
- Otsego County, New York - northeast
- Delaware County, New York - southeast
- Broome County, New York - south
- Cortland County, New York - west
Cities, towns, and villages
In New York, a "town" is a political subdivision (synonymous with township). The towns in northern Chenango County originated from the Twenty Townships ceded by the Oneida tribe to the State of New York.
In addition to the city of Norwich, the county has the following named towns and villages:
- Afton (village)*
- Afton (town)
- Bainbridge (town)
- Bainbridge (village)
- Columbus (town)
- Coventry (town)
- Earlville (village)
- German (town)
- Greene (town)
- Greene (village)
- Guilford (town)
- Lincklaen (town)
- McDonough (town)
- New Berlin (town)
- New Berlin (village)
- North Norwich (town)
- Norwich (town)
- Otselic (town)
- Oxford (town)
- Oxford (village)
- Pharsalia (town)
- Pitcher (town)
- Plymouth (town)
- Preston (town)
- Rockdale (hamlet)
- Sherburne (town)
- Sherburne (village)
- Smithville (town)
- Smyrna (town)
- Smyrna (village)
- South Otselic (town)
As of the census of 2000, there were 51,401 people, 19,926 households, and 13,549 families residing in the county. The population density was 58 people per square mile (22/km²). There were 23,890 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.65% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.2% were of English, 14.5% German, 13.8% Irish, 12.3% American and 8.9% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000 . 96.7% spoke English and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.
There were 19,926 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,679, and the median income for a family was $39,711. Males had a median income of $30,363 versus $22,429 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,427. About 10.70% of families and 14.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.50% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.
Chenango County has a Board of Supervisors that consists of 23 Town/City elected officials, serving as representatives at the County level. The term for each Supervisor is based on the term set by each particular Town. A Supervisor holds office for either two or four years.
In 21st-century United States politics, Chenango County is considered a "red" county, where the majority of voters elect national Republican candidates. In 2004, Republican George Bush won by an 11% margin over Democrat John Kerry. In 2006 both Eliot Spitzer and Hillary Clinton carried it, winning 57% and 54% of the vote for governor and US Senator, respectively. In 2008, John McCain carried Chenango County over Barack Obama in the presidential election by a close margin of 49.59%-48.45% or a difference of 237 votes. In 2010, Andrew Cuomo, Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand each carried it.
Morrisville State College has a branch in Norwich.
- Serranus Clinton Hastings, U.S. Congressman and founder of the Hastings College of the Law at University of California
- List of counties in New York
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Chenango County, New York
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
- "American FactFinder".
- Bacon and Company (1870). Representative and leading men of the Pacific. Bacon and Company. p. 433.
- NEW YORK: Atlas of Historical County Boundaries; Compiled by Kathryn Ford Thorne; Edited by John H. Long.
- Chenango County, NY government
- Chenango County "Online Visitors Travel Guide"
- Chenango County at DMOZ
- Chenango County GenWeb
- Chenango County Chamber of Commerce
- Chenango County Democratic Committee
- The Evening Sun, Chenango County newspaper
- Chenango Semi-Weekly Telegraph, Google news archive. —PDFs of 2,579 issues, dating from 1877 through 1934.
|Madison County||Otsego County|
|Broome County||Delaware County|