Choco consists of perhaps ten languages, half of them extinct.
- The Emberá languages (also known as Chocó proper, Cholo)
- Noanamá (also known as Waunana, Woun Meu)
- Anserma (†)
- Cenu (†) ?
- Cauca (†)
- Sinúfana (Cenufara) (†) ?
- Quimbaya (Kimbaya) (†) (not Choco?)
- Caramanta (†) ?
Anserma, Cenu, Cauca, Sinúfana, and Kimbaya are all extinct now. Quimbaya is known from only 8 words.
The Emberá group consists of two languages mainly in Colombia with over 60,000 speakers that lie within a fairly mutually intelligible dialect continuum. Ethnologue divides this into 6 languages. Kaufman (1994) considers the term Cholo to be vague and condescending. Noanamá has some 6,000 speakers on the Panama-Colombia border.
Kaufman (1994) states that Quimbaya may not be a Choco language.
Choco has been included in a number of hypothetical phylum relationships: