Crown Colony of Labuan

Crown Colony of Labuan
Pulau Labuan
British colony











1912–1946 flag
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   Labuan today, in    Malaysia
Capital Victoria
 -  1837 - 1901 Queen Victoria
 -  1936 - 1952 George VI
First Governor
 -  1847–1852 James Brooke
Historical era British Empire
 -  Establishment of the colony 1848
 -  Transferred to North Borneo 1890
 -  Incorporated into Straits Settlements 1907
 -  Separated as a standalone colony 1912
 -  Japanese occupation 1941
 -  Labuan to North Borneo Crown 15 July 1946
 -  Federation 16 September 1963
Area 91.64 km² (35 sq mi)
Today part of  Malaysia

Labuan, made up of the main Labuan Island and six smaller islands (Burung Island, Daat Island, Kuraman Island, Papan Island, Rusukan Kecil Island, and Rusukan Besar Island), first became a Crown colony in 1848. Since 15th, Labuan was under the rule of Brunei became the shelter for the ships from storms and pirate attacks. Later on in 1846, Labuan was officially handed over to British by Raja Muda Hasim on 18 December 1846 and was declared as a free trade port.

In 1890, it came to be administered by the British North Borneo Company. It was reverted to British government rule in 1904. Then, on 1 January 1907, it joined the Straits Settlements and had been administered from Singapore, the capital of the Straits Settlements, until 1912. In 1912, Labuan was made a separate Crown colony again.

During Australian 9th Division. Labuan assumed its former name and was under British military administration along with the rest of the Straits Settlements, then joined to the Crown Colony of North Borneo, on 15 July 1946, which in turn became a part of Malaysia as the state of Sabah in 16 September 1963.

Labuan was later separated from Sabah, becoming a Federal Territory, administered by the federal government, on 16 April 1984.


External links

  • Official Portal Labuan Co.