Frecciarossa 1000

Frecciarossa 1000

Frecciarossa 1000
Manufacturer Bombardier Transportation
Number under construction 46
Number built 4
Formation 4M4T
Capacity 469 seats + 2 wheelchair
Operator Trenitalia
Car body construction Aluminum Alloy
Train length 202m
Width 2,924 mm (9 ft 7.1 in)
Height 4,080 mm (13 ft 5 in)
Floor height 1,240 mm (4 ft 1 in)
Doors 28 (Total)
Wheel diameter 920 mm (3 ft 0 in) (new)
Maximum speed 360 km/h (220 mph) (operational)
400 km/h (250 mph) (design)[1]
Weight 500 t (490 long tons; 550 short tons)
Axle load 17 t (17 long tons; 19 short tons)
Traction system Water-cooled IGBT Converters and Asynchronous AC Traction Motors
Power output 9,800 kW (13,100 hp)
Tractive effort 370 kN (83,000 lbf)
Acceleration 0.7 m/s2 (2.5 km/(h·s))
Deceleration 1.2 m/s2 (4.3 km/(h·s))
Power supply Overhead Catenary
Electric system(s) 25kV 50Hz, 15kV 16.7Hz, 3kV DC, 1.5kV DC
Current collection method Pantograph
UIC classification Bo′Bo′+2′2′+Bo′Bo′+2′2′ +2′2′+Bo′Bo′+2′2′+Bo′Bo′
Braking system(s) Regenerative, Dynamic, Electro-Pneumatic
Safety system(s) ERTMS, ETCS
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Sources:[2][3] NB quoted specifications are for unbuilt model (August 2012)

The Frecciarossa 1000, also known as the Zefiro 300 (Bombardier) or ETR.1000 (Trenitalia) is a high-speed train developed by Bombardier Transportation and AnsaldoBreda and designed by Bertone. 50 trainsets were ordered by Trenitalia in 2010.


  • History and design 1
  • Gallery 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

History and design

The V300 Zefiro was offered by Bombardier Transportation and AnsaldoBreda as a response to Ferrovie dello Stato's tender for 50 new high-speed trainsets; the design, a 200m long eight car non-articulated single decker train with distributed traction, was based on elements of Bombardier Transportation's Zefiro and AnsaldoBreda's V250 train designs. Initial specifications were for a train meeting European high-speed technical standards, with a design commercial speed of 360 km/h (220 mph), initially operated at 300 km/h (190 mph), and to be tested to 400 km/h (250 mph).[4]

The Trenitalia contract was awarded to the Bombardier/Ansaldo joint-venture in August 2010, for delivery into service in 2013. The bid was less expensive at €30.8m per train than the €35m per train cost given by the other bidder, Alstom. The contract value was €1.54bn of which Bombardier's share was €654m.[5][6]

A mock up of the train (named 'Frecciarossa 1000') was unveiled at Rimini in August 2012.[7] The train's design includes an active suspension system. The vehicles are expected to be operable on multiple European systems, with compatibility with the railway systems of Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland claimed by FS.[8]

On 26 March 2013 the first trainset was unveiled during a public ceremony at the Ansaldo-Breda facilities in Pistoia. The train was named Pietro Mennea (1952 - 2013), in memory of the Italian world record holder of the 200 meter track from 1979 to 1996. The train will be now instrumented to undergo extensive testing in order to be certified to operate on the Italian high-speed rail network at 360 km/h (220 mph). An additional 49 trains are to be built and will gradually enter regular service starting from summer 2014.



  1. ^ "Frecciarossa 1000". Finmeccanica. Retrieved 2014-09-03. 
  2. ^ "FRECCIAROSSA 1000", (in Italian) 
  3. ^
  4. ^ "AnsaldoBreda and Bombardier combine to offer V300 Zefiro".  
  5. ^ "Trenitalia awards contract for 50 high speed trains".  
  6. ^ "Trenitalia signs V300ZEFIRO high speed train contract". 30 September 2010. 
  7. ^ Chiandoni, Marco (30 August 2012), "Trenitalia unveils ETR 1000 mock-up", International Railway Journal 
  8. ^ "Trenitalia unveils Frecciarossa 1000",, 20 August 2012 .

External links

  • "Frecciarossa 1000: il Premier Mario Monti svela il treno AV del futuro, un gioiello made in italy", (in Italian) 
    • Documentation and press information "Frecciarossa 1000: il Premier Mario Monti svela il treno AV del futuro, un gioiello made in italy ( Cartelle stampa )",