|• Governor||Issei Nishikawa|
|• Total||4,188.99 km2 (1,617.38 sq mi)|
|Population (June 1, 2013)|
|• Density||189.93/km2 (491.9/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-18|
|Flower||Narcissus (Narcissus tazetta)|
|Tree||Pine tree (Pinus)|
|Bird||Dusky thrush (Turdus naumanni)|
- Prehistory 1
- History 2
- Cities 3.1
- Towns 3.2
- Mergers 3.3
- Economy 4
- Demographics 5
- Culture 6
- Friendship cities 7
- University 8.1
- Railroad 9.1
- Expressway and Toll Road 9.2.1
- National Highway 9.2.2
- Port 9.3
- Tourism 10
- Notes 11
- References 12
- External links 13
The Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry, on the Sugiyama River within the city limits of Katsuyama, has yielded the Fukuiraptor kitadaniensis and Fukuisaurus tetoriensis as well as an unnamed dromaeosaurid and a sauropod, Fukuititan. It also shows the coexistence of pterosaurs and birds, in the forms of comingled tracks.
The province faces the Sea of Japan, and has a western part (formerly Wakasa) which is a narrow plain between the mountains and the sea, and a larger eastern part (formerly Echizen) with wider plains including the capital and most of the population. The mountain side of the eastern part has much snow in winter.
As of 31 March 2008, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan National Park; Echizen-Kaga Kaigan and Wakasa Wan Quasi-National Parks; and Okuetsu Kōgen Prefectural Natural Park.
Nine cities are located in Fukui Prefecture:
These are the towns in each district:
- Sabae is known for producing 90% of Japan's domestically-made glasses.
- There are several nuclear power plants located along Wakasa Bay in Tsuruga which supply power to the Keihanshin metropolitan region. It has 14 reactors, the most of any prefecture.
Fukui is one of the less populated prefectures of Japan; in September 2015 there were an estimated 785,508 people living in 281,394 households. As seen in most of Japan, Fukui is facing the problem of both an aging and decreasing population; 28.6% of the population were over the age of 65 in July 2015 and the population has decreased 2.6% from the 806,000 measured in the October 2010 national census.
- Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins is one of the most important cultural heritage sites in Japan.
- Eihei-ji is a serene temple offering training and education to Buddhist monks. Founded by Dogen Zenji in 1244, Eiheiji is located on a plot of land covering about 33 hectares.
- Myōtsū-ji's Three-storied Pagoda and Main Hall are National Treasures of Japan.
- Fukui is home to Maruoka Castle, the oldest standing castle in Japan. It was built in 1576.
- Many dinosaur fossils have been excavated in Fukui and they can been seen at the Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum.
- Residents of Fukui Prefecture have a distinctive accent, Fukui-ben.
- Fukui has long been a center for papermaking in Japan (along with Kyoto). Its Echizen Papermaking Cooperative is a world-famous collection of papermakers making paper in the traditional Echizen style.
- Fukui is also renowned for its clean water and crops, which result in delicious sake, rice, and soba noodles.
- JR West
- Katsuyama-Eiheiji Line
- Mikuni-Awara Line
- Fukubu Line
Expressway and Toll Road
- Hokuriku Expressway
- Maizuru-Wakasa Expressway
- Chubu Jukan Expressway
- Mikata Lake Rainbow Road
- Mount Hoonji Toll Road
- Route 8
- Route 27
- Route 157
- Route 158
- Route 161
- Route 162
- Route 303
- Route 305
- Route 364
- Route 365
- Route 367
- Route 416
- Route 417
- Route 418
- Route 476
- Tsuruga Port - Ferry route to Niigata, Akita, Tomakomai, Otaru and International container hub
- Fukui Port
- Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins
- Eihei-ji Temple
- Tōjinbō, a scenic piece of coastline, which is also a notorious spot for suicide.
- Echizen crabs are a local delicacy available year-round, though the crabbing season is during the winter.
- Another traditional sea-side Fukui dish is genge, a small guppy-like fish that when eaten raw as sashimi, gives the body a brief tingling sensation.
- Awara is a famous onsen in the north of the prefecture.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fukui-ken" in , p. 217Japan Encyclopedia, p. 217, at Google Books; "Chūbu" , p. 126Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Fukui" in , p. 217Japan Encyclopedia, p. 217, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in , p. 780Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780, at Google Books.
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF).
- Fujioka, Chisa. "Japan anti-nuclear movement gains traction as crisis drags on". Reuters. 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
- "福井県の推計人口" [Fukui Prefecture Population Estimate] (in Japanese). Fukui Prefectural Government. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- "第２章 人口の地域分布" [Regional distribution of population] (PDF) (in Japanese). Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Official Fukui Prefecture homepage
- Echizen Papermaking Cooperative