Germplasm is the living genetic resources such as seeds or tissue that is maintained for the purpose of animal and plant breeding, preservation, and other research uses. These resources may take the form of seed collections stored in seed banks, trees growing in nurseries, animal breeding lines maintained in animal breeding programs or gene banks, etc. Germplasm collections can range from collections of wild species to elite, domesticated breeding lines that have undergone extensive human selection.

See also


  • Day-Rubenstein, K and Heisey, P. 2003. Plant Genetic Resources: New Rules for International Exchange
  • 63 p.
  • Economic Research Service. Global resources and productivity: questions and answers
  • 174 p.
  • SeedQuest Primer Germplasm Resources

External links

  • USDA-ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
  • Bioversity International
  • Bioversity International: Germplasm Collection
  • Bioversity International: Germplasm Databases
  • Bioversity International: Germplasm Documentation - overview
  • Bioversity International: Germplasm Health