Governor of Connecticut
|Governor of Connecticut|
Seal of the Governor
|Residence||Connecticut Governor's Residence|
|Term length||Four years|
|Inaugural holder||Jonathan Trumbull|
|Deputy||Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut|
The Governor of Connecticut is the head of the executive branch of Connecticut's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Connecticut General Assembly and to convene the legislature. Unusual among U.S. governors, the Governor of Connecticut has no power to pardon.
There have been 68 governors of the state, serving 72 distinct spans in office. The longest terms in office were in the state's early years, when four governors were elected to nine or more one-year terms. The longest was that of the first governor, Jonathan Trumbull, who served over 14 years, but 7 of those as colonial governor; the longest-serving state governor — with no other position included in the term — was his son, Jonathan Trumbull, Jr., who served over 11 years. The shortest term was that of Hiram Bingham III, who served only one day before resigning to take an elected seat in the U.S. Senate. Lowell P. Weicker, Jr., is noted for a rare third party win in American politics, having been elected to a term in 1990 representing A Connecticut Party. The current governor is Dan Malloy, who took office on January 5, 2011.
- For the period before independence, see the list of colonial governors of Connecticut.
Connecticut was one of the original Thirteen Colonies and was admitted as a state on January 9, 1788. Before it declared its independence, Connecticut was a colony of the Kingdom of Great Britain. Like most early states, Connecticut had claims to western areas, but did not cede all of its claims during the formation of the country like the other states. It maintained its Western Reserve until 1800, at which time it was reassigned to the Northwest Territory.
The current Constitution of Connecticut, ratified in 1965, calls for a four-year term for the governor, commencing on the Wednesday after the first Monday in the January following an election. The previous constitution of 1818 originally had only a one-year term for governor; this was increased to two years in 1875, and four years in 1948. The 1875 amendment also set the start date of the term to its current date; before then, it was the first Wednesday in the May following an election. The constitution provides for the election of a lieutenant governor for the same term as the governor. The two offices are elected on the same ticket; this provision was added in 1962. In the event of a vacancy in the office of governor, the lieutenant governor becomes governor. Before the adoption of the 1965 constitution, the lieutenant governor only acted as governor. There is no limit of any kind on the number of terms one may serve.
Connecticut did not create a state constitution for itself until several decades after it became a state; until 1818, the state operated under the provisions of its colonial charter. The charter called for the election of a governor every year, but not more than once every two years, with the term commencing on the second Thursday in May.
Other high offices held
Thirty-three governors have served other high office, including four Cabinet secretaries (one of whom served in two different departments) and four ambassadors. One served as a judge on a U.S. Court of Appeals. Three represented Connecticut in the Continental Congress and 28 have represented the state in the U.S. Congress, including one Speaker of the House. Four (marked with *) resigned to take other offices, and one (marked with ) resigned his seat in the U.S. House to take office as governor.
All representatives and senators listed represented Connecticut.
|Governor||Gubernatorial term||Other offices held||Source|
|Huntington, SamuelSamuel Huntington||1786–1796||Continental Delegate (including President of the Continental Congress)|||
|Wolcott, OliverOliver Wolcott||1796–1797||Continental Delegate|||
|Trumbull, Jr., JonathanJonathan Trumbull, Jr.||1797–1809||Representative (including Speaker of the House), Senator|||
|Treadwell, JohnJohn Treadwell||1809–1811||Continental Delegate|||
|Griswold, RogerRoger Griswold||1811–1812||Representative|||
|Smith, John CottonJohn Cotton Smith||1812–1817||Representative|||
|Wolcott, Jr., OliverOliver Wolcott, Jr.||1817–1827||Secretary of the Treasury|||
|Tomlinson, GideonGideon Tomlinson||1827–1831||Representative, Senator*|||
|Edwards, Henry W.Henry W. Edwards||1833–1834, 1835–1838||Representative, Senator|||
|Foot, Samuel A.Samuel A. Foot||1834–1835||Representative, Senator|||
|Ellsworth, William W.William W. Ellsworth||1838–1842||Representative|||
|Cleveland, Chauncey FitchChauncey Fitch Cleveland||1842–1843||Representative|||
|Baldwin, Roger ShermanRoger Sherman Baldwin||1844–1846||Senator|||
|Toucey, IsaacIsaac Toucey||1846–1847||Representative, Senator, Attorney General, Secretary of the Navy|||
|Trumbull, JosephJoseph Trumbull||1849–1850||Representative|||
|Seymour, Thomas HartThomas Hart Seymour||1850–1853||Representative, Minister to Russia*|||
|Buckingham, William A.William A. Buckingham||1858–1866||Senator|||
|Hawley, Joseph R.Joseph R. Hawley||1866–1867||Representative, Senator|||
|English, James E.James E. English||1867–1869, 1870–1871||Representative, Senator|||
|Jewell, MarshallMarshall Jewell||1869–1870, 1871–1873||Minister to Russia, Postmaster General|||
|Hubbard, Richard D.Richard D. Hubbard||1878–1879||Representative|||
|Bulkeley, Morgan G.Morgan G. Bulkeley||1889–1893||Senator|||
|McLean, George P.George P. McLean||1901–1903||Senator|||
|Lilley, George L.George L. Lilley||1909||Representative|||
|Bingham III, HiramHiram Bingham III||1925||Senator|||
|Baldwin, Raymond E.Raymond E. Baldwin||1939–1941, 1943–1946||Senator*|||
|Bowles, ChesterChester Bowles||1949–1951||Representative, Ambassador to India, Ambassador to Nepal|||
|Lodge, John DavisJohn Davis Lodge||1951–1955||Representative, Ambassador to Argentina, Ambassador to Spain, Ambassador to Switzerland|||
|Ribicoff, Abraham A.Abraham A. Ribicoff||1955–1961||Representative, Senator, Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare*|||
|Meskill, Thomas J.Thomas J. Meskill||1971–1975||Representative, Second Circuit Court Judge|||
|Grasso, Ella T.Ella T. Grasso||1975–1980||Representative|||
|Weicker, Jr., Lowell P.Lowell P. Weicker, Jr.||1991–1995||Representative, Senator|||
|Rowland, John G.John G. Rowland||1995–2004||Representative|||
Living former governors
|Governor||Term of office||Date of birth|
|Lowell P. Weicker, Jr.||1991–1995||May 16, 1931|
|John G. Rowland||1995–2004||May 24, 1957|
|M. Jodi Rell||2004–2011||June 16, 1946|
|Commons has media related to Governors of Connecticut.|
- Office of the Governor of Connecticut