View of top left, Downtown Hachioji, Komiya Park, Naganuma Park, Mount Takao, stone fence and bridge in Hachioji Castle site, Yakuoin in Mount Takao, Hachioji Ramen, Hachioji Traditional Festival on August
Location of Hachiōji in Tokyo Metropolis
|• Mayor||Takayuki Ishimori (石森 孝志 Takayuki Ishimori)|
|• Total||186.31 km2 (71.93 sq mi)|
|Population (June 30, 2014)|
|• Density||3,023.26/km2 (7,830.2/sq mi)|
|• Flower||Gold-banded lily|
|• Bird||Blue and white fly catcher|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|City Hall Address||
3-24-1 Motohongo-cho, Hachiōji-shi, Tokyo
It is the eighth largest city in the Greater Tokyo Area. The city is surrounded on three sides by mountains, forming the Hachioji Basin which opens up toward the east in the direction of Tokyo. The mountain ranges in the southwest include Mount Takao (599 m) and Mount Jinba (857 m), two popular hiking destinations which can be reached by train and bus, respectively. Two major national roads, Route 16 (which connects Kawagoe in the north with Yokohama in the south) and National Route 20, the former Kōshū Kaidō.
- History 1
- Attractions 2
- Transportation 3
- Universities 4.1
- See also 5
- References 6
- External links 7
Although Hachioji only gained city status on September 1, 1917, it has been an important junction point and post-town along the Kōshū Highway, the main road that connected the historical Edo (today's Tokyo) with Western Japan since medieval times, especially during the Edo period. For a short period of time, a castle, Hachioji Castle existed in the area. The castle was built in 1584 by Hōjō Ujiteru, but was soon destroyed in 1590 during General Toyotomi Hideyoshi's attempt to gain control over all of Japan. During the Meiji period, Hachioji prospered as an important location for the production of silk and silk textiles. The industry faded away, however, in the 1960s. Today, Hachioji mainly serves as a commuter town for people working in Tokyo, and as a location for many large colleges and universities.
Hachioji stretches over a vast area, combining such diverse parts as the densely populated city center and its shopping district with the hardly populated rural areas in the west. Mt. Takao (599 m) is a popular hiking destination in the southwest, easily accessible through the Keio Takao Line. It is famous for Takao Shrine and the Shingon Buddhist temple Takao-san Yakuōin Yūkiji (高尾山薬王院有喜寺). The Tama Forest Science Garden is also of interest. Mt. Jinba (855 m) is more difficult to reach, requiring a one-hour bus ride from the city center. It is popular, however, because of the scenic view toward Mt. Fuji.
The city operates public elementary and junior high schools.
Public high schools are operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education
- Fujimori High School
- Hachiōji East High School
- Hachiōji North High School
- Hachiōji Soushi High School
- Hachiōji Takushin High School
- Hachiōji Technical High School
- Katakura High School
- Matsugaya High School
- Minamitama High School
- Shoyo High School
- Tokyo West International School
- St.Paul High School
The metropolis operates the Hachioji School for the Blind.
Nippon Engineering College is also in Hachioji.
- Chuo University
- Digital Hollywood University
- Hosei University (Tama Campus)
- Kogakuin University
- Kyorin University (Hachioji Campus)
- Meisei University (Hino Campus)
- Nihon Bunka University
- Soka University, which has a sister school in the USA, Soka University of America
- Tama Art University (Hachioji Campus)
- Takushoku University (Hachioji Campus)
- Teikyo University (Hachioji Campus)
- Tokyo Junshin Women's College
- Tokyo Kasei-Gakuin University (Machida Campus)
- Tokyo Metropolitan University
- Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
- Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences
- Tokyo University of Technology (Hachiōji Campus)
- Tokyo Zokei University of Art and Design
- 1964 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 1. p. 263.
- 1964 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. Part 1. p. 115.
- Official website (English)