Hideo Nomo

Hideo Nomo

Hideo Nomo
野茂 英雄
Hideo Nomo with the Tampa Bay Devil Rays
Born: (1968-08-31) August 31, 1968
Osaka, Japan
Batted: Right Threw: Right
Professional debut
NPB: April 10, 1990, for the Kintetsu Buffaloes
MLB: May 2, 1995, for the Los Angeles Dodgers
Last appearance
NPB: 1994, for the Kintetsu Buffaloes
MLB: April 18, 2008, for the Kansas City Royals
NPB statistics
Win–loss record 78–46
Earned run average 3.15
Strikeouts 1,204
MLB statistics
Win–loss record 123–109
Earned run average 4.24
Strikeouts 1,918
Career highlights and awards



Member of the Japanese
Baseball Hall of Fame
Inducted 2014
Medal record
Competitor for  Japan
Men's baseball
Summer Olympics
Seoul 1988 Team
Asian Baseball Championship
Seoul 1989 Team
Intercontinental Cup
San Juan 1989 Team

Hideo Nomo (野茂 英雄|Nomo Hideo?, born August 31, 1968 in Minato-ku, Osaka, Japan) is a retired Japanese-American baseball pitcher in Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB) and Major League Baseball (MLB). He achieved early success in his native country, where he played with the Kintetsu Buffaloes from 1990 to 1994. He then exploited a loophole to free himself from his contract, and became the first Japanese major leaguer to permanently relocate to Major League Baseball in the United States, debuting with the Los Angeles Dodgers in 1995. Although not the first Japanese person to play baseball professionally in the United States, he is often credited with opening the door for Japanese players in Major League Baseball.[1]

Nomo pitched over the span of 13 seasons in the American major leagues with 8 different teams, before retiring in 2008. He won the Rookie of the Year Award in 1995. He twice led the league in strikeouts and also threw two no-hitters. He was the only Japanese pitcher in Major League Baseball to throw a no-hitter until the Seattle Mariners' Hisashi Iwakuma did so on August 12, 2015 against the Baltimore Orioles.[2] Nomo currently resides in Los Angeles, California.


  • Success in Japan 1
  • Moving to the Major Leagues 2
  • Career in the United States 3
    • 1995–1997 3.1
    • 1998–2000 3.2
    • 2001–2003 3.3
    • 2004–2008 3.4
  • Accomplishments 4
  • In popular culture 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

Success in Japan

Nomo was on the silver medal winning Japanese baseball team at the 1988 Olympics, and the Kintetsu Buffaloes drafted him in 1989. Nomo debuted with them in 1990 and was an immediate success, going 18–8 but more impressively striking out 287 hitters in just 235 innings. The strikeout numbers are attributed to his unorthodox wind-up, where he turns his back to the hitter, raises his pivot leg, and freezes for a second before throwing. The windup gave him the nickname "Tornado". In his first four seasons, Nomo was as consistent, and consistently good, as any pitcher in Japanese baseball, winning 17 or 18 games each year. His fifth season in 1994 was marred by a shoulder injury and netted him only eight wins. Nomo was famous for his forkball which was unpredictable for hitters and catchers alike.

Moving to the Major Leagues

Nomo had become one of the most popular baseball players in Japan but after the 1994 season, Nomo got into a contract dispute with team management. The Buffaloes rebuffed Nomo's demands to have a contract agent and multi-year contract. Instead of working things out with the Buffaloes, Nomo and his agent, Don Nomura, "exploited a loophole in the agreement between Japanese baseball and the major leagues: if a player retired, he was free to play for whomever he wished." This led to him heading to the U.S., where in February 1995, the Los Angeles Dodgers signed him.

Nomo made his U.S. pro baseball debut with the Bakersfield Blaze on April 27, 1995, against the Rancho Cucamonga Quakes. Placed on a 90-pitch limit, and throwing mainly fastballs, Nomo pitched 5⅓ innings, taking the 2–1 loss against the Quakes. On May 2, after a month in the minors necessitated by a player's strike, he became the first Japanese-born Japanese Leaguer to appear in a major league game since Masanori Murakami in 1965. He was also the first Japanese-born player to relocate permanently to the American major leagues, as Murakami played only two seasons with the San Francisco Giants and then returned to the Japanese major leagues for the remainder of his career. The pressure on Nomo would be tremendous, and Japanese media and fans appeared in large numbers in games he started. Nomo's games were regularly broadcast live to Japan, despite the fact most people would be waking up when he started games.

Career in the United States


The tornado delivery that baffled batters in Japan had the same effect on major league hitters, and he led the league in strikeouts in 1995 (while finishing second in walks) and was second with a 2.54 ERA. He struck out 11.101 batters per 9 innings to break Sandy Koufax's single-season franchise record of 10.546 in 1962.[3] He also started that year's All-Star Game, striking out three of the six batters he faced. But he only barely won NL Rookie of the Year honors that year over future MVP Chipper Jones, as many voters felt that his Japanese success made him anything but a rookie, although he qualified by Major League rules. Nomo had another fine season in 1996 which was capped by a no-hitter thrown on September 17 in the unlikeliest of places, Denver's Coors Field, a park notoriously known as being a hitters' park because of its high elevation, semi-arid climate, and lack of foul territory. He was the last Dodger to throw a no-hitter until Josh Beckett completed one on May 25, 2014.[4]

Nomo also found commercial success in America. Nomo had a signature sneaker, called the Air Max Nomo, produced by Nike in 1996. Also, he appeared on a Segata Sanshiro commercial for the Sega Saturn in 1997.

As batters caught on to his delivery, his effectiveness waned a bit in 1997, although he still went 14–12, joining Dwight Gooden as the only other pitcher to strike out at least 200 batters in each of his first three seasons.


Nomo pitched poorly in 1998, starting the season 2–7 and was dealt to the New York Mets. He was not much better and got released. In 1999, he signed with the Chicago Cubs and made three starts for their Triple-A minor league team before refusing to make further starts in the minors, and got a contract with the Milwaukee Brewers, where he went 12–8 with a 4.54 ERA. He reached the 1,000 strikeout mark in 1999, the third fastest in major league history. The Brewers waived him after contract issues and the Philadelphia Phillies claimed him, then granted him free agency only 24 hours later after more contract issues. Finally signed by the Detroit Tigers in 2000, he went 8–12 with a 4.74 ERA and was again released.


Nomo signed with the Boston Red Sox in 2001 and started the season in spectacular fashion, throwing his second no-hitter in his Sox debut, on April 4, against the Baltimore Orioles, walking three and striking out 11. This no-hitter was the first in the 10-year history of Oriole Park at Camden Yards and made Nomo the first Red Sox to pitch a no-hitter since Dave Morehead in 1965. Nomo also became just the fourth player in baseball history to have thrown a no-hitter in both leagues (joining Cy Young, Jim Bunning and Nolan Ryan. Randy Johnson would later join them, becoming the 5th player after throwing a perfect game in 2004). It is the earliest, calendar-wise, that a Major League Baseball no-hitter has been pitched. Nomo also led the league in strikeouts for the first time since his first season in MLB.

A free agent after the end of the year, Nomo returned to the Dodgers, in 2002, and ended up having his best season since 1996, finished with a 16–6, 193 K, and 3.39 ERA. The following year, he had another great season, going 16–13 with 177 K and a 3.09 ERA. During September 2003, however, he began showing signs of injury and fatigue.


Nomo began to struggle again in 2004. After undergoing shoulder surgery in October 2003, he was benched after going 4–11 with an 8.25 ERA for the Dodgers (the worst ERA in the history of baseball for a player with at least 15 decisions in a season).

Before the start of spring training for 2005, he signed a $800,000 contract with the Tampa Bay Devil Rays. The contract also included a $700,000 incentive that kicked in if Nomo started 20 games. The stipulation was allegedly included because Devil Rays upper management was unsure if Nomo had fully recovered from his injury. After a poor start in which he posted a 7.24 ERA, he was released on July 25. Coincidentally or not, this was two days before he was slated to make his twentieth major league start. On July 27, Nomo was picked up off waivers by the New York Yankees, who signed him to a minor league contract, but never recalled him. Nomo was signed to a minor league contract by the Chicago White Sox during spring training in 2006 to play for the Triple-A Charlotte Knights of the International League, but the White Sox released him on June 7 of that year.

In 2007, Nomo signed on with the Leones del Caracas of the Venezuelan Winter League, managed by his former catcher, Carlos Hernández. His participation in the Venezuelan league was viewed as a first step toward an eventual Major League comeback. He made his debut on October 20, 2007, against Tiburones de La Guaira. Nomo pitched one inning, allowing one hit and no runs.

On January 4,

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Chiyonofuji Mitsugu
Japan Professional Sports Grand Prize
Succeeded by
Joichiro Tatsuyoshi
Preceded by
Greg Maddux
National League All-Star Game Starting Pitcher
Succeeded by
John Smoltz
Preceded by
Dwight Gooden
Eric Milton
No-hitter pitcher
September 17, 1996
April 4, 2001
Succeeded by
Kevin Brown
A. J. Burnett
Preceded by
Kevin Brown
Los Angeles Dodgers Opening Day
Starting pitcher

Succeeded by
Derek Lowe
Preceded by
Greg Maddux
NL hits per nine innings
Succeeded by
Al Leiter
  • Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
  • Nippon Professional Baseball career statistics from Japanesebaseball.com
  • Nomo Baseball club
  • "The Ichiro Paradox", S.L. Price, TIME magazine, July 8, 2002

External links

  • Fagen, Herb. Nomo: The Inside Story on Baseball's Hottest Sensation. Friday Harbor, Wash.: Turtleback Books, 1996. ISBN 0-606-09699-X, ISBN 0-451-18884-5.
  • Rodman, Edmon J. Nomo: The Tornado Who Took America by Storm. Los Angeles: Lowell House, 1996. ISBN 1-56565-394-7.
  • Whiting, Robert, "Nomo blazed trail, helped mend fences with move", Japan Times, 3 October 2010, p. 22.
  • Whiting, Robert, "Contract loophole opened door for Nomo's jump", Japan Times, 10 October 2010, p. 18.
  • Whiting, Robert, "Tireless work ethic earned Nomo respect in majors", Japan Times, 17 October 2010, p. 18.
  • Whiting, Robert, "Nomo's legacy should land him in Hall of Fame", Japan Times, 24 October 2010, p. 22.

Further reading

  1. ^ Nomo retires from baseball | dodgers.com: News
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/LAD/leaders_pitch.shtml
  4. ^ "Most Popular". CNN. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  5. ^ http://www.kansascity.com/sports/royals/story/430041.html
  6. ^ Nomo designated for assignment
  7. ^ Stephen, Eric (January 17, 2014). "Hideo Nomo elected to Japan Baseball Hall of Fame". truebluela.com. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 


See also

Pro wrestler Mitsuhide Hirasawa adopted the ring name Hideo Saito, partially in homage to Nomo.

A song about Nomo, "There's No One Like Nomo" performed by Jack Sheldon, written by Marvin Hamlisch and Alan and Marilyn Bergman, was released by GNP Crescendo Records (GNPD 1406) in 1996.

In popular culture

Nomo was elected to the Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame in 2014, the youngest player ever elected to that Hall of Fame, and only the third ever to be selected in their first year of eligibility.[7]

He won the 1996 ESPY Award for Breakthrough Athlete.

In addition, Nomo is one of only five players that have ever pitched at least one no-hitter game in both the National League and American League in Major League Baseball history. He has, to date, thrown the only no-hitters at Coors Field and Oriole Park at Camden Yards.

Nomo has 123 wins in the Major Leagues and 78 in Japan, winning his 200th overall game on June 15, 2005. Nomo's success helped inspire other stars from Japan such as Ichiro Suzuki, Hideki Matsui, and Daisuke Matsuzaka to come over to the States as well.


The Royals released him on April 29, 2008. On July 17, 2008, Nomo officially announced his retirement from Major League Baseball. [6]