High-speed rail in the Netherlands

High-speed rail in the Netherlands

A Fyra train in the Dutch countryside

The Netherlands is connected to the European high-speed rail network with one dedicated high-speed line, HSL-Zuid, and improved traditional rail. Plans for a second dedicated high-speed line, HSL-Oost, have been cancelled.

Three high-speed train services currently operate in the Netherlands: Thalys, InterCityExpress (ICE) and Fyra. Thalys started operating on the HSL-Zuid on 13 December 2009.


  • Lines 1
    • HSL-Zuid 1.1
      • Stations 1.1.1
    • HSL-Oost 1.2



HSL-Zuid, connected to Antwerp with the HSL 4

HSL-Zuid (Dutch: Hogesnelheidslijn Zuid, English: High-Speed Line South) is a 125km high-speed railway line in the Netherlands. Using existing tracks from Amsterdam Centraal to Schiphol Airport, the dedicated high-speed line begins here and continues to Rotterdam Centraal and to the Belgian border. Here, it connects to the HSL 4, terminating at Antwerpen-Centraal. Den Haag Centraal (The Hague) and Breda are connected to the high-speed line by conventional railway lines. Services running at 160 km/h on the HSL-Zuid began on 7 September 2009 between Amsterdam and Rotterdam. From December 2009, Thalys trains from Amsterdam to Brussels and Paris have run on HSL-Zuid, and by mid-2012 Fyra trains will serve all HSL-Zuid stations between Amsterdam Centraal and Brussel-Zuid/Bruxelles-Midi.

Line Route Speed Length Construction began Start of revenue services
HSL-Zuid Schiphol - Antwerpen 300 km/h 147 km (125 km in the Netherlands) 2000 2009


The HSL-Zuid serves the following stations:

Between Rotterdam and the Belgian border there is a branch to Breda (from 04-04-2011).


HSL-Oost (Dutch: Hogesnelheidslijn-Oost, English: High-Speed Line East) is the name of a proposed high-speed line from Amsterdam into Germany via the Dutch cities of Utrecht and Arnhem. The scope of the project has now been reduced, but it is expected that German ICE trains will be able to travel at 200 km/h from Amsterdam to Utrecht in the near future. Currently, ERTMS has been installed on the line, but the soil is soft and needs time to stabilize after the recent expansion works. In 2009, a new feasibility study for the HSL-Oost after the year 2020 was promised by Minister of Transport, Public Works and Water Management Camiel Eurlings.