Hopkinton, New Hampshire
|Hopkinton, New Hampshire|
Location in Merrimack County and the state of New Hampshire.
|Incorporated||January 10, 1765|
|• Board of Selectmen||
Jim O'Brien, Chair
Sue B. Strickford
Steve Lux Jr.
|• Town Administrator||Neal Cass|
|• Total||45.1 sq mi (116.8 km2)|
|• Land||43.3 sq mi (112.1 km2)|
|• Water||1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2) 3.99%|
|Elevation||505 ft (154 m)|
|• Density||120/sq mi (48/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873630|
Hopkinton is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 5,589 at the 2010 census. The town has three distinct communities: Hopkinton village, mainly a residential area in the center of the town; Contoocook, the town's business hub, located in the north; and West Hopkinton, within the more agricultural portion of the town. The town is home to the Hopkinton State Fair, adjacent to Contoocook village, and to the historic Contoocook Railroad Depot and the Contoocook Railroad Bridge, the oldest covered railroad bridge in the United States.
- History 1
- Neighboring cities and towns 2.1
- Demographics 3
- Education 4
Sites of interest 5
- Sites Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 5.1
- Notable people 6
- References 7
- External links 8
The town was granted by Colonial Governor Jonathan Belcher in 1735 as "Number 5" to settlers from Hopkinton, Massachusetts, who renamed it "New Hopkinton." First settled in 1736, colonists were required to build homes, fence in their land, plant it with English grass, and provide a home for a minister, all within seven years. The community would be incorporated in 1765 by Governor Benning Wentworth. Built in 1789, the Congregational Church has a Revere bell. The legislature met in Hopkinton occasionally between 1798 and 1807. In 1808, the town competed for the coveted position of state capitol, but was defeated by nearby Concord.
A substantial portion of the town in the north was named "Contoocook Village" for a tribe of the Pennacook Indians who once lived there. Due to its position along the Contoocook River, it became a center for water-powered industry, particularly lumber and textiles. The Contoocook covered railroad bridge in the village is a remnant of the Boston & Maine Railroad and is the oldest covered bridge of its kind still standing in the United States. Next to the bridge is the Contoocook Railroad Depot, one of the original railroad depots for the Concord and Claremont Railroad.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 45.1 square miles (117 km2), of which 43.3 sq mi (112 km2) is land and 1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2) is water, comprising 3.99% of the town. Hopkinton is drained by the Contoocook and Warner rivers. The highest point in town is Shaker Hill, on the border with Henniker, with an elevation of 923 feet (281 m) above sea level. Hopkinton lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.
Neighboring cities and towns
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,589 people, 2,204 households, and 1,631 families residing in the town. The population density was 124.7 people per square mile (48.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.7% White, 0.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1% of the population.
There were 2,204 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.1% were married couples living together, 7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals living alone and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 20, 3.3% from 20 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 35.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.8 years.
The median income for a household in the town was $84,911, and the median income for a family was $88,796. Males had a median income of $53,806 versus $45,656 for females. The per capita income for the town was $40,580. About 4.2% of the population was below the poverty line.
Public education is managed by the Hopkinton School District. Kindergarten through third grade students attend Harold Martin School in Hopkinton village, and fourth through sixth graders attend Maple Street School in Contoocook. Hopkinton Middle High School in Contoocook serves seventh through twelfth graders, and its sports teams are nicknamed the Hawks.
According to a study conducted in early 2014 by US News, Hopkinton High School was ranked 1st among New Hampshire's public schools. Hopkinton High School has also been awarded a national silver medal and is ranked nationally #711 of the 19,400 public schools in the US.
The town of Hopkinton also includes The Beech Hill School, an independent middle school serving grades 6th through 8th.
Sites of interest
- Hopkinton Historical Society
- Contoocook Depot and Restored Pullman Passenger Coach
- Contoocook Railroad Bridge
- Rowell's Covered Bridge
- Perkins Manor
- Howe-Quimby House
- Stanley Tavern
Sites Listed on the National Register of Historic Places
|||Name on the Register||Image||Date listed||Location||City or town||Description|
|1||Contoocook Railroad Depot||
896 Main St.
||Contoocook Village||Owned by the Contoocook Riverway Association|
|2||Hopkinton Railroad Covered Bridge||
Off NH 103 and NH 127
||Contoocook Village||Over Contoocook River in village of Contoocook|
Southwest of Hopkinton on Sugar Hill Rd.
|4||William H. Long Memorial||
300 Main St.
||Hopkinton Village||Now houses the Hopkinton Historical Society.|
|5||Rowell's Covered Bridge||
Clement Hill Rd.
||West Hopkinton||Over Contoocook River|
371 Main St.
- Larz Anderson (1866-1937), wealthy businessman and U.S. Ambassador to Japan
- Rose Flanders Bascom (1880-1915), first American female lion tamer
- Carlton Chase (1794–1870), bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of New Hampshire
- Thomas Corbett (1780-1857), a Shaker doctor that was well known nationally for his botanical medicines
- Alvan Flanders (1825-1884), delegate from the Territory of Washington
- Matthew Harvey (1781-1866), lawyer, politician and 13th Governor of New Hampshire
- Otto and Vivika Heino (1910-2009), husband and wife ceramics artists
- John S.C. Knowlton (1798-1871), newspaper editor, publisher and politician
- Ann McLane Kuster (b. 1956), current U.S. congresswoman representing New Hampshire's Second District
- Mary Greenleaf Clement Leavitt (1830-1912), first round-the-world missionary for the Woman's Christian Temperance Union
- Stephen Harriman Long (1784–1864), engineer, explorer, inventor
- David Luneau (b. 1965), Independent member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives, inventor
- John Lynch (b. 1952), 80th Governor of New Hampshire
- Susan Lynch, First Lady of New Hampshire to John Lynch
- Commodore for the United States Navy
- George H. Perkins
- Irene Shepard (1922-2014), educator and politician
- David Souter (b. 1939), former associate justice of the US Supreme Court
- United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- "RAILROAD BRIDGE, Hopkinton, New Hampshire". New Hampshire Division of Historic Resources. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "History of Hopkinton". J. W. Lewis and Co.
- Chapter XXVII. Charles Chase Lord.
- Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
- "American FactFinder".
- Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined , differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.
- The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
- Town of Hopkinton official website
- Hopkinton Town Library
- Hopkinton State Fair
- New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile