Iron Age Scandinavia
The 6th and 5th century BC was a tipping point for exports and imports on the European continent. The ever increasing conflicts and wars between the central European oppida, and the more stable political situation in Europe allowed for a whole new economic development and trade.
The Iron Age in Scandinavia and Northern Europe begins around 500 BC with the Jastorf culture, and is taken to last until ca. AD 800 and the beginning Viking Age. It succeeds the Nordic Bronze Age with the introduction of ferrous metallurgy by contact with the Hallstatt D/La Tène cultures.
- Pre-Roman Iron Age (5th to 1st centuries BC)
- Roman Iron Age (1st to 4th centuries AD)
- Germanic Iron Age (5th to 8th centuries AD)
The Northern European Iron Age is the locus of Proto-Germanic culture, in its later stage differentiating into Proto-Norse (in Scandinavia), and West Germanic (Ingvaeonic, Irminonic, Istvaeonic) in northern Germany.
Culture and religion
|Nordic Iron Age culture|
|Nordic Iron Age cult|
- Jørgen Jensen: I begyndelsen
- Jørgen Jensen (2002): I begyndelsen, Gyldendal og Politikens Danmarks Historie (Vol. 1), ISBN 87-89068-26-2 (Danish)
- Bente Magnus, G Franceschi, Asger Jorn (2005): Men, Gods and Masks in Nordic Iron Age Art.
- M Zvelebil (1985): Iron Age transformations in Northern Russia and the Northeast Baltic, Beyond Domestication in Prehistoric Europe