José de Espronceda
|José de Espronceda|
Portrait by Antonio María Esquivel (c.1845)
José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnación de Espronceda y Delgado
25 March 1808
Almendralejo, Province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain
23 May 1842
José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnación de Espronceda y Delgado (25 March 1808 — 23 May 1842) was a Romantic Spanish poet.
- Life 1
- Literary production 2
- References 3
- External links 4
Espronceda was born in Mondaquera, at the Province of Badajoz. As a youth, he studied at the Colegio San Mateo at Madrid, having Alberto Lista as a teacher. When he was 15 years old, he formed a secret society named "Los Numantinos" alongside his friends Ventura de la Vega and Patricio de la Escosura, conspiring against Ferdinand VII and intending to avenge the death of Rafael del Riego. For this, he was imprisoned in a monastery and exiled. Afterward, he left Spain and lived in Lisbon, Belgium, France, England and Holland. On his return to Spain in 1833, he became active in the extreme left-wing of Spanish political culture. Espronceda is also known for his affair with Teresa Mancha, for whom he wrote "Canto a Teresa" (from El diablo mundo). He later went to the Malay Peninsula and helped build the Dutch colonies there. He died of diphtheria in 1842.
Having been inspired to a literary career by his teacher Romanticism, and along with José Zorrilla he is considered Spain's most important Romantic poet, as well as the most rebellious.
- "Abriendo puertas: Antologia de literatura en espanol - Tomo I"
- Works by José de Espronceda at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about José de Espronceda at Internet Archive
- Works by José de Espronceda at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)