José de Espronceda

José de Espronceda

José de Espronceda
Portrait by Antonio María Esquivel (c.1845)
Born José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnación de Espronceda y Delgado
(1808-03-25)25 March 1808
Almendralejo, Province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain
Died 23 May 1842(1842-05-23) (aged 34)
Madrid, Spain
Nationality Spanish

José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnación de Espronceda y Delgado (25 March 1808 — 23 May 1842) was a Romantic Spanish poet.


  • Life 1
  • Literary production 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Espronceda was born in Mondaquera, at the Province of Badajoz. As a youth, he studied at the Colegio San Mateo at Madrid, having Alberto Lista as a teacher. When he was 15 years old, he formed a secret society named "Los Numantinos" alongside his friends Ventura de la Vega and Patricio de la Escosura, conspiring against Ferdinand VII and intending to avenge the death of Rafael del Riego. For this, he was imprisoned in a monastery and exiled.[1] Afterward, he left Spain and lived in Lisbon, Belgium, France, England and Holland. On his return to Spain in 1833, he became active in the extreme left-wing of Spanish political culture. Espronceda is also known for his affair with Teresa Mancha, for whom he wrote "Canto a Teresa" (from El diablo mundo). He later went to the Malay Peninsula and helped build the Dutch colonies there. He died of diphtheria in 1842.

Literary production

Having been inspired to a literary career by his teacher Romanticism, and along with José Zorrilla he is considered Spain's most important Romantic poet, as well as the most rebellious.


  1. ^ "Abriendo puertas: Antologia de literatura en espanol - Tomo I"

External links