Kings of Athens
These three kings were supposed to have ruled before the flood of the Deucalion myth.
|Periphas||Turned into an eagle by Zeus|
|Ogyges||King of the Ectenes who were the earliest inhabitants of Boeotia|
|Actaeus||Father of Agraulus, and father-in-law to Cecrops|
The early Athenian tradition, followed by the 3rd century BC Parian Chronicle, made Cecrops, a mythical half-man half-serpent, the first king of Athens. The dates for the following kings were conjectured centuries later, by historians of the Hellenistic era who tried to backdate events by cross-referencing earlier sources such as the Parian Chronicle. Tradition says that King Menestheus took part in the Trojan War.
|1556 - 1506 BC||Cecrops I|
|1506 - 1497 BC||Cranaus|
|1497 - 1487 BC||Amphictyon|
|1487 - 1437 BC||Erichthonius|
|1437 - 1397 BC||Pandion I|
|1397 - 1347 BC||Erechtheus|
|1347 - 1307 BC||Cecrops II||Omitted in Heraclides' epitome of Aristotle's Constitution of the Athenians|
|1307 - 1282 BC||Pandion II|
|1282 - 1234 BC||Aegeus||Construction of Trojan Walls by Poseidon, Apollo and Aeacus (ca. 1282 BC)|
|1234 - 1205 BC||Theseus|
|1205 - 1183 BC||Menestheus||Trojan War and the Sack of Troy (ca. 1183 BC)|
|1183 - 1150 BC||Demophon|
|1150 - 1136 BC||Oxyntes|
|1136 - 1135 BC||Apheidas|
|1135 - 1127 BC||Thymoetes|
|1126 - 1089 BC||Melanthus|
|1089 - 1068 BC||Codrus|
After Codrus's death, his sons Medon and Acastus either reigned as kings, or became hereditary archons. In 753 BC the hereditary archonship was replaced by a non-hereditary system (see Archons of Athens).
- Gantz, Early Greek Myth: A Guide to Literary and Artistic Sources, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996, Two volumes: ISBN 978-0801853609 (Vol. 1), ISBN 978-0801853623 (Vol. 2).
- Harding, Phillip, The Story of Athens: The Fragments of the Local Chronicles of Attika, Routledge, 2007. ISBN 9781134304479.
- Jacoby, Felix, Die Attische Königsliste, Klio 3 (1902), 406-439.