Koreanic languages

Koreanic languages

Korea, Northeast China
Linguistic classification: Altaic (controversial)
  • Koreanic
Glottolog: (not evaluated)

The Koreanic languages are Korean along with ancient relatives closer to it than to any proposed links with Mongolic, Turkic, Tungusic, or Japanese. Among extant languages, Korean is considered by some linguists to be a language isolate, and by others as part of the controversial Altaic family, though the speech of Jeju Island is distinct enough to be considered a language in its own right by some authorities.


  • Ancient Koreanic languages 1
  • Modern Koreanic languages 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Ancient Koreanic languages

Several ancient languages of the Korean peninsula—Silla, Buyeo, Goguryeo, Dongye, Okjeo, Baekje, and possibly Gojoseon and Ye-Maek—may have been ancestral to, related to, or part of Old Korean. Two branches are sometimes posited, Buyeo and Han.[1]

Apart from Silla (Old Korean proper), these languages are not well attested, and their relationships are controversial.

Modern Koreanic languages

Modern Korean is traditionally considered a single language. However, Jeju (Cheju) is sometimes classified as a distinct language, for example in the UNESCO atlas on endangered languages. If that is accepted, there are two modern Koreanic languages, Jeju and Korean proper.[2]

See also


  1. ^ Young Kyun Oh, 2005. Old Chinese and Old Sino-Korean
  2. ^ Janhunen, Juha, 1996. Manchuria: an ethnic history