Kosmos 379

Kosmos 379

Kosmos 379
LK Lander
Operator Soviet Union
COSPAR ID 1970-099A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type T2K
Launch mass 7,495 kilograms (16,524 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 24 November 1970, 11:00:00 (1970-11-24T11Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-L
Launch site Baikonur 31/6
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Eccentricity 0.004161
Perigee 198 kilometres (123 mi)
Apogee 253 kilometres (157 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 88.7 m

Kosmos 379 (Russian: Космос 379 meaning Cosmos 379) was a test of the LK Lander (the Soviet counterpart of the Apollo LEM).


Earth orbit simulated propulsion system operations of a nominal lunar landing mission. Kosmos 379 entered a 192 to 232 km orbit. After three days fired its motor to simulate hover and touchdown on the moon, because of the burn in earth orbit the apogee increased to 1210 km. After a simulated stay on the Moon, it increased its speed by 1.5 km/s, simulating ascent to lunar orbit making the final apogee 14,035 km. These main maneuvers were followed by a series of small adjustments simulating rendezvous and docking with the Soyuz 7K-L3. The LK Lander tested out without major problems and decayed from orbit on September 21, 1983.


  • Spacecraft: LK Lander
  • Mass: 5500 kg
  • Crew: None
  • Launched: November 24, 1970
  • Landed:Reentered September 21, 1983
  • Orbit: 192 km

External links

  • Mir Hardware Heritage
    • Mir Hardware Heritage - NASA report (PDF format)
    • Mir Hardware Heritage (wikisource)