List of former German colonies

List of former German colonies

German colonies throughout history:
  German Empire
  Colonies of the German Empire
  Prussian-Brandenburg colonies
  "Little Venice"

This is a list of former German colonies and protectorates (German: Schutzgebiete) outside of the European borders of Prussia and the German Empire.


  • Brandenburg-Prussian colonies 1
    • Africa 1.1
    • North America 1.2
  • Habsburg Monarchy colonies 2
  • German imperial colonies 3
    • Africa 3.1
    • Pacific 3.2
    • China 3.3
  • See also 4
  • Sources and external links 5

Brandenburg-Prussian colonies

These were colonies unsuccessfully settled by Brandenburg-Prussia (part of the Holy Roman Empire realm), since 1701 Kingdom of Prussia, before the foundation of the German Empire in 1871.


North America

These territories were held briefly under lease or occupation during the early European colonizations of the New World.

Habsburg Monarchy colonies

These were colonies of the Habsburg Monarchy (part of the Holy Roman Empire realm), since 1804 Austrian Empire, since 1867 Austria-Hungary.

German imperial colonies

These are colonies settled by and controlled by the German Empire from 1884 to 1919. Those territories constituted the German Colonial Empire.


The following were German African protectorates.

German colonies in Africa, 1884-1920


These were German colonies in the South Sea.

German colonies in southern Pacific: Kaiserwilhelmsland and the Bismarck Archipelago (Solomon Islands, Marshall Islands, Caroline Islands)
Colonial Possessions and Protectorates of the German Empire, 1883-1920, confirmed by Treaty, International Agreement, or Purchase


These are German concessions in China leased to it by the Qing Dynasty.

See also

Sources and external links

  • German colonies (German)
  • WorldStatesmen
  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Index of Colonies and Dependencies