List of longest masonry arch bridge spans

List of longest masonry arch bridge spans

The masonry arch bridges of stone or brick are the most genuine of arch bridges, some lasting a thousand years. Because they are made of worked stone, there is a slight chance they might even stand without mortar, like the Pont du Gard aqueduct. Yet arch bridges using rough hewn stones like Changhong Bridge need mortar to stand. Arches with a core of reinforced concrete covered by facade stone for decoration are not to be included in this list, the load-bearing part of the arch should be cut stone or brick, or as follows, unreinforced concrete.

In a closed spandrel stone arch bridge the hollow space can be filled with rubble and loose material. It can also be filled with concrete, in which case the filling itself become able to bear load in addition to the load carried by the ring of voussoirs. If the voussoir stones are thin they can not take a lot of weight so instead it is the concrete filling that becomes the structural part of the arch. The next step is to remove the voussoir stones completely, or only use them as facade stones. An unreinforced concrete arch is technically a masonry arch that use only very small stones, that is the aggregate of the concrete, sand and gravel. Such an arch would not stand without mortar.

Some modern bridges are built masonry style with precast concrete blocks, like Gladesville Bridge that has a span of 305 metres (1000 ft). These types are not in this list because their blocks are most likely made of reinforced concrete, that may make the assembled arch to have more in common with a modern reinforced concrete arch than a stone masonry arch.

The Maidenhead Railway Bridge may have the two longest arches made of bricks, 39 metres (128 ft).

Building new masonry arch bridges today is a solely Chinese business. There are 18 stone arch bridges with spans exceeding 100m.[1] There are probably several dozens of stone arches exceeding 40m in the Fujian province only.[2] Almost all bridges were built after 1950.

This list contains the longest masonry arch spans ever built being at least 50 metres (164 ft).

Meaning of column "Arch type": ws = worked stone, uc = unreinforced concrete
Photo Rank and
Reference
Name Location Land
Longest span
in metres (feet)
Arch type
Completed
Note
[1] Pont de la Libération Villeneuve-sur-Lot  France 96 (315) uc 1919 There are two very thin parallel arches with a common deck Linked Image
[2] Syratalviadukt Plauen  Germany 90 (295) uc 1905 The arch is made of unreinforced concrete.[3] The sides are decorated with facade stone. The bridge has been repaired.
[3] Longmen Bridge Luoyang  China 90 (295) ws 1961 One main span... (Linked Image)
[4] Solkan Bridge Nova Gorica  Slovenia 85 (278) ws 1906 Destroyed. Rebuilt 1927.
[5] Adolphe Bridge Luxembourg City  Luxembourg 84 (275) ws 1904 Reinforced concrete deck. There are two parallel arches with a common deck.
[6] Pont de Montanges (Pont-des-Pierres) Valserine river  France 80 (262) ws 1910 Destroyed tramway bridge Linked Image
[7] Viaduc de la Roizonne La Mure  France 79 (260) ws 1928
[8] Trezzo sull'Adda Bridge Lombardy  Italy 72 (236) ws 1377 Destroyed in 1416
[9] Steyrling Bridge de:Pyhrn Railroad  Austria 70 (230) ws 1904
[10] Union Arch Bridge Maryland  USA 67 (220) ws 1864 Part of the Washington Aqueduct
[11] Sonnborner Eisenbahnbrücke Wuppertal  Germany 66 (216) ws 1914 Instead of the keystone there is a steel hinge
[12] Gutach Bridge Höllental Railroad  Germany 64 (209) ws 1900
[13] [14] [15] König-Ludwig-Brücke and Obere Illerbrücken Kempten (Allgäu)  Germany 64 (209) uc 1851/1906 Three bridges, one a wood truss Linked Image
[16] Pont de la Balme Savoie  France 64 (209) ws 1946 The span has two parallel arches
[17] Luitpoldbrücke (München) Munich  Germany 63 (206) ws 1901 BW
[18] Max-Joseph-Brücke Munich  Germany 63 (206) ws 1902 BW
[19] Grosvenor Bridge Chester  UK 61 (200) ws 1832 The span is probably 61 m
[20] Lavaur Railroad Bridge Agout River  France 61 (200) ws 1884
[21] Stone Arch Bridge Minneapolis  US 60.2 (197.5) ws 1883 Total length of 759.45 m with 23 spans.
[22] Wechselburg-Göhrer Bridge Saxony  Germany 60 (196) ws 1904
Linked Image [23] Huanghugang Bridge Hunan  China 60 (196) ws 1959
[24][4] Orkla Bridge Dovre Line, Rennebu  Norway 60 ws 1921 Railway bridge
[25][5] Skodje Bridge Skodje  Norway 59 ws 1922 First span is 57 or 59 m, second span is 40 m.
[26] Ballochmyle Viaduct Mauchline  UK 55 (180) ws 1848 Linked Image
[27] Wiesen Viaduct Landwasser River   Switzerland 55 (180) ws 1909
[28] Pélussin Tramway Bridge Loire  France 55 (180) ws 1919 Linked Image
[29] [30] Pont de Rabastens Tarn  France 55 (180) ws 1924 Two spans, reinforced concrete deck Linked Image
[31] Pont de Vieille-Brioude Allier River  France 54 (177) ws 1479 Collapsed 1822, successor (1832) spans only 45 m (148 ft)
Linked Image [32] Yixiantian Bridge Chengdu–Kunming Railway  China 54 (177) ws 1966 Deck system concrete
[33][6] Jora bridge Rauma Line, Dombås  Norway 54 ws 1918 Linked image Linked image (construction work)
[34] Gignac Bridge Hérault  France 50 (164) ws 1810
[35] [36] [37] [38] fr:Viaduc de Nogent-sur-Marne Val-de-Marne  France 50 (164) ws 1856 Four spans, destroyed
[39] Munderkingen Bridge Baden-Württemberg  Germany 50 (164) uc 1893 Destroyed
[40] Viaduc des Eaux-salées Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur  France 50 (164) ws 1914
Linked Image [41] [42] Baisha Bridge Zhejiang  China 50 (164) ws 1960 Two spans

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ http://www.eccenet.org/News/tech/ARCHBRIDGES.doc
  4. ^ Statens Vegvesen: Steinhvelvbruer ("Masonry Arch Bridges"). Håndbok nr 230. Published 2002.
  5. ^ Statens Vegvesen: Steinhvelvbruer. Håndbok nr 230. Utgitt 2002.
  6. ^ Statens Vegvesen: Steinhvelvbruer. Håndbok nr 230. Utgitt 2002.