Lord Thurlow

Lord Thurlow

Baron Thurlow, of Thurlow in the County of Suffolk, is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1792 for the lawyer and politician Edward Thurlow, 1st Baron Thurlow, with remainder to his younger brothers and the heirs male of their bodies.

Thurlow had already on his appointment as Lord Chancellor in 1778 been created Baron Thurlow, of Ashfield in the County of Suffolk, in the Peerage of Great Britain, with remainder to the heirs male of his body. Lord Thurlow never married and on his death in 1806 the barony of 1778 became extinct, while he was succeeded in the barony of 1792 according to the special remainder by his nephew Edward, the second Baron. The latter was the son of the Right Reverend Thomas Thurlow, Bishop of Durham from 1787 to 1791. Lord Thurlow gained a reputation as a minor poet. In 1814 he assumed by Royal license the additional surname of Hovell, in commemoration of his ancestor Sir Richard Hovell.

His grandson, the fifth Baron (who succeeded his elder brother), was a Liberal politician and served as Paymaster-General in 1886. in 1873 he assumed by Royal license the additional surname of Bruce, which was that of his father-in-law, James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin. One year Lord Thurlow assumed by Royal license the additional surname of Cumming.

In 1952, to pay the death duties of his father the Sixth Baron, Henry Charles Hovell-Thurlow-Cumming-Bruce, 7th Baron Thurlow sold the family house in Surrey, Baynards Park. It was later owned by helicopter entrepreneur Alan Bristow, under whose ownership the Grade II listed Elizabethan-country house burnt down in 1980.

The title was then held by his son, the seventh Baron, who was succeeded by his younger brother in 1971. The eighth Baron Thurlow was a diplomat and notably served as High Commissioner to New Zealand and Nigeria and as Governor of the Bahamas. In 2013 he was succeeded by his son, the ninth Baron.

Barons Thurlow, First creation (1778)

Barons Thurlow, Second creation (1792)

The heir apparent is the present holder's elder son the Honourable Nicholas Edward Hovell-Thurlow-Cumming-Bruce (b. 1986)



  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
  • Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages
  • Richard A. Thurlow