Lunenburg Town Hall
and Hadwen Park Market
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
|• Type||Open town meeting|
|• Total||27.7 sq mi (71.7 km2)|
|• Land||26.4 sq mi (68.4 km2)|
|• Water||1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)|
|Elevation||510 ft (155 m)|
|• Density||360/sq mi (140/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||351 / 978|
|GNIS feature ID||0618370|
- History 1
- Geography 2
- Demographics 3
- Government 4
- Library 5
- Education 6
- Transportation 7
- Notable people 8
- References 9
- External links 10
Lunenburg was first settled in 1718 and was officially incorporated in 1728. The name stems from one of the titles of Quebec. Areas of neighboring Fitchburg were once part of Lunenburg, but broke away around this time because the walking distance to church and town meetings was too great for many. Closed in 2000, Whalom Park on Whalom Lake was a famous amusement park in Lunenburg. It closed with the rising popularity of Six Flags New England in Agawam. It was home of the famous Flyer Comet, now demolished.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 27.7 square miles (72 km2), of which 26.4 square miles (68 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), or 4.59%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,401 people, 3,535 households, and 2,668 families residing in the town. The population density was 355.8 people per square mile (137.4/km²). There were 3,668 housing units at an average density of 138.8 per square mile (53.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.01% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.
There were 3,535 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.5% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $56,813, and the median income for a family was $63,981. Males had a median income of $47,451 versus $31,934 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,986. About 3.3% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 1.4% of those age 65 or over.
The Lunenburg public library began in 1853. In fiscal year 2008, the town of Lunenburg spent 1.13% ($290,801) of its budget on its public library—some $29 per person.
The public schools in town are Lunenburg Primary School, Thomas C. Passios Elementary School (now closed), Turkey Hill Middle School, and Lunenburg High School.
The Montachusett Regional Transit Authority (MART) supplies Councils-On-Aging service for elderly and disabled residents. Portions of Lunenburg are also on MART's regular bus routes. The nearest rail stations are Shirley, Fitchburg and North Leominster on the MBTA Commuter Rail Fitchburg Line.
- Zabdiel Adams, minister
- William Austin, author
- Earle Brown, composer
- Luther Burbank, botanist-agricultural science
- Frederick Cushing Cross, Jr., naval officer
- Gordon Edes, ESPN baseball writer
- Derek Kerswill, musician
- Josiah Litch, preacher
- David Pelletier, figure skater
- James Reed, soldier
- Abel Stearns, trader, landowner and cattle rancher
- Asahel Stearns, congressman
- Eleazer D. Wood, army officer
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 192.
- "American FactFinder".
- C.B. Tillinghast. The free public libraries of Massachusetts. 1st Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. Boston: Wright & Potter, 1891. Google books
- http://www.lunenburgonline.com/education/dept/dept.php?sectionid=288 Retrieved 2010-11-10
- July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What’s Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: Municipal Pie Reports. Retrieved 2010-08-04
- "MART: Communities served". mrta.us. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- "MART: How To Ride". mrta.us. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- http://www.lunenburg.com/ Lunenburg.com], community website
- Satellite image from Google maps