Meguro

Meguro

Meguro
目黒区
Special ward
Meguro City
Cherry trees along the Meguro River, near Nakameguro
Cherry trees along the Meguro River, near Nakameguro
Flag of Meguro
Flag
Location of Meguro in Tokyo Metropolis
Location of Meguro in Tokyo Metropolis
Meguro is located in Japan
Meguro
Location in Japan
Coordinates:
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Tokyo Metropolis
Government
 • Mayor Eiji Aoki
Area
 • Total 14.67 km2 (5.66 sq mi)
Population (May 1, 2015)
 • Total 277,171
 • Density 18,890/km2 (48,900/sq mi)
Symbols
 • Tree Castanopsis
 • Flower Lespedeza
 • Bird Great Tit
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Website .jp.tokyo.meguro.citywww

Meguro (目黒区 Meguro-ku) is a special ward in Tokyo, Japan. It calls itself Meguro City in English.[1][2] The ward was founded on March 15, 1947.

Meguro is predominantly residential in character, but is also home to light industry, corporate head offices, the Komaba campus of University of Tokyo as well as fifteen foreign embassies and consulates. Residential neighborhoods include, Jiyugaoka, Kakinokizaka, and Nakameguro. As of May 1, 2015, the ward has an estimated population of 277,171 and a population density of 18,890 persons per km². The total area is 14.67 km².

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Districts 2.1
      • Meguro area 2.1.1
      • Hibusuma area 2.1.2
  • Politics and government 3
    • Elections 3.1
  • Sightseeing and local landmarks 4
    • Green spaces 4.1
    • Cultural institutions 4.2
    • Religious institutions 4.3
  • Transportation 5
    • Rail 5.1
    • Highways 5.2
  • Education 6
    • Colleges and universities 6.1
    • Public schools 6.2
  • Economy 7
    • Companies 7.1
    • Private international high schools 7.2
  • Notable people from Meguro 8
    • Notable residents 8.1
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

The Higashiyama shell mound in the north of the ward contains remains from the paleolithic, Jōmon, Yayoi, and Kofun periods.

The area now known as Meguro was formerly two towns, Meguro proper and Hibusuma, all parts of the former Ebara District of Musashi Province. The two were merged into a Meguro ward for Tokyo City in 1932 and since then the ward has remained with no alterations to its territory.

The name "Meguro," meaning "black eyes", derives from the Meguro Fudō (Black-eyed Fudō-myōō) of Ryūsenji. The Meguro Fudō was one of five Fudō-myōō statues placed at strategic points on the outskirts of Edo in the early seventeenth century by the abbot Tenkai, an advisor to Tokugawa Ieyasu, to provide protection for the new capital of the Tokugawa shogunate.[3] Each statue had eyes of a different color. (Another Tokyo ward, Mejiro is named for the white-eyed Fudō-myōō).

Geography

Hokusai ukiyo-e of a view of Mount Fuji from Shimo Meguro

Four other special wards surround Meguro. They are Shibuya (to the northeast), Setagaya (to the west), Ōta (to the south), and Shinagawa (to the southeast).

Districts

Meguro area

Hibusuma area

Politics and government

Meguro Ward Government Offices

Meguro ward government is led by the city assembly with 36 elected members with current terms from May 1, 2011 to April 30, 2015. The chairman of the council is Yoshiaki Ito. The mayor is Eiji Aoki, an independent. His term lasts until April 24, 2016.

Elections

Sightseeing and local landmarks

Persimmon Hall, Meguro
Grilled Pacific saury at the Meguro Autumn Sanma Festival

Green spaces

Cultural institutions

Religious institutions

  • Himonya Catholic Church[6]
  • St. Michael's Catholic Church (German Language) [7]
  • Himonya Hachiman Shrine
  • Ōtori Shrine
  • Ryūsenji (Meguro Fudo temple)
  • Yūten-ji Temple
  • St. Paul's Church, Gohongi (Anglican Church in Japan)[8]

Transportation

Rail

Highways

Education

Colleges and universities

Public schools

Public elementary and junior high schools are operated by the Meguro City Board of Education. Public high schools are operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education.

  • Geijutsu High School
  • International High School
  • Komaba High School
  • Meguro High School
  • Tokyo Metropolitan University High School

In addition the metropolis operates a consolidated junior and senior high school called Ohsyukan Secondary Education School.

Economy

Companies

Private international high schools

Notable people from Meguro

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ "目黒区方式ホームページ (Official Homepage of Meguro City, Japanese)". Retrieved 2011-04-26. 
  2. ^ "English: Meguro City (Official English webpage for Meguro City)". Meguro City. 
  3. ^ Paul Waley, Tokyo: City of Stories (Tokyo: Weatherhill, 1991), 237.
  4. ^ "トップページ ― めぐろパーシモンホール/中目黒GTプラザホール". Persimmon.or.jp. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  5. ^ "公益財団法人目黒寄生虫館公式サイト". Kiseichu.org. 2013-12-18. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  6. ^ "Himonya Catholic Church". Home.m06.itscom.net. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  7. ^ "Katholische Deutschsprachige Gemeinde". Sankt Michael Tokyo. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "日本聖公会東京教区聖パウロ教会". Nskk.org. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  9. ^ "Headquarters & Main Contacts." Books Kinokuniya. Retrieved on July 25, 2011. "Dept.General Affairs Dept. 3-7-10 Shimomeguro Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8504"
  10. ^ "[2]." Makino. Retrieved on November 16, 2013. "Makino Milling Machine Co. Ltd. 3-19, Nakane 2-chome, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152, Japan"
  11. ^ http://www.yucali.jp/

External links

  • Official website