Metrodorus (grammarian)
Metrodorus (Greek: Μητρόδωρος; fl. c. 6th century) was a Greek grammarian and mathematician, who collected mathematical epigrams which appear in the Greek Anthology.
Nothing is known about the life of Metrodorus. The time he lived is not certain: he may have lived as early as the 3rd-century AD, but it is more likely that he lived in the time of the emperors Anastasius I and Justin I, in the early 6th-century.^{[1]}
His name occurs in connection with 45 mathematical epigrams which are to be found in book 14 of the Greek Anthology.^{[2]} Although he may have authored some of the epigrams, it is generally accepted that he collected most of them, and some of them may pre-date the 5th-century BC.^{[1]} Many of the epigrams lead to simple equations, and they are of the same type as those found in the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus (17th-century BC).^{[3]} Among the problems Metrodorus collected are:^{[3]}
- Twenty-three simple equations with one unknown, one of which is the famous epigram which reveals the age of Diophantus.^{[4]}
- Twelve are easy simultaneous equations with two unknowns.
- One gives a simultaneous equation with three unknowns.^{[5]}
- Six are problems about filling and emptying vessels by pipes.
Notes
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} Henrietta Midonick, (1965), The Treasury of Mathematics, Volume 2, pages 51–2. Penguin Books.
- ^ Greek Anthology, xiv. 1–4, 6–7, 11–13, 48–51, 116–147
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} Sir Thomas Little Heath, (1921), A history of Greek mathematics, Volume 2, From Aristarchus to Diophantus, pages 441–3. Oxford
- ^ Greek Anthology, xiv. 126
- ^ Greek Anthology, xiv. 51
External links
- The Greek anthology, Volume 5, containing books 13-16, at the Internet Archive