Mustapha Khaznadar

Mustapha Khaznadar

Mustapha Khaznadar
Grand Vizier of Tunisia
In office
1837 – October 22, 1873
Preceded by Rashid al-Shakir Sahib al-Taba'a
Succeeded by Hayreddin Pasha
Personal details
Born 1817
Died July 26, 1878(1878-07-26)
Spouse(s) Princess Lalla Kalthoum
Religion Islam

Mustapha Khaznadar (مصطفى خزندار, 1878–1817), was Prime Minister of the Beylik of Tunis from 1837 to 1873.[1][2] He was one of the most influential people in modern Tunisian history.[3]

Contents

  • Biography 1
    • Early life 1.1
    • Religious conversion and political career 1.2
  • See also 2
  • References 3
    • Notes 3.1
    • Sources 3.2

Biography

Early life

Mustapha Khaznadar was born of

  • Association of Muslim Social Scientists; International Institute of Islamic Thought (2008). The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 25 (1-4). American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences.  
  • Binous, Jamila; Jabeur, Salah (2002). Houses of the Medina: Tunis. Dar Ashraf Editions.  
  • Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (1993). The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Brill.  
  • Fage, John D. (1982). The Cambridge History of Africa: From the Earliest Times to c. 500 BC, Volume 1. Cambridge University Press.  
  • Gallagher, Nancy Elizabeth (2002). Medicine and Power in Tunisia, 1780-1900. Cambridge University Press.  
  • Morsy, Magali (1984). North Africa, 1800-1900: A Survey from the Nile Valley to the Atlantic. Longman.  
  • Rosenblum, Robert; Janson, Horst Woldemar (1984). 19th Century Art. Abrams.  
  • Rowley, Harold Henry; Weis, Pinkas Rudolf (1986). Journal of Semitic Studies, Volumes 31-32. Manchester University Press.  
  • Shivji, Issa G. (1991). State and Constitutionalism: An African Debate on Democracy. SAPES Trust.  
  • Simon, Reeva S.; Mattar, Philip; Bulliet, Richard W. (1996). Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East, Volume 2. Macmillan Reference USA.  
  • Singh, Nagendra Kr. (2000). International Encyclopaedia of Islamic Dynasties. Anmol Publications PVT.  
  • Tūnisī, Khayr al-Dīn; Brown, Leon Carl (1967). The Surest Path: The Political Treatise of a Nineteenth-century Muslim Statesman. Harvard University Press.  
  • Ziadeh, Nicola A. (1962). Origins of Nationalism in Tunisia. Librarie du Liban.  

Sources

  1. ^ a b Fage 1982, p. 173.
  2. ^ Morsy 1984, p. 185.
  3. ^ a b Ziadeh 1962, p. 11.
  4. ^ a b c Shivji 1991, p. 235.
  5. ^ a b c Association of Muslim Social Scientists & International Institute of Islamic Thought 2008, p. 56
  6. ^ Rowley & Weis 1986, p. 190; Singh 2000, p. 1102.
  7. ^ a b Binous & Jabeur 2002, p. 143.
  8. ^ Gallagher 2002, p. 125.
  9. ^ Tūnisī & Brown 1967, p. 22.
  10. ^ a b c Simon, Mattar & Bulliet 1996, p. 1018.
  11. ^ Rosenblum & Janson 1984, p. 125.
  12. ^ "Tunisia - The Growth of European Influence". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  13. ^ Bosworth 1993, p. 717.
  14. ^ Gallagher 2002, p. 75.

Notes

References

See also

Stravelakis as a slave was converted to Islam and was given the name Mustafa[10] and was raised in the family by Mustapha Bey, then by his son Ahmad I Bey[5] while he was still crown prince. Initially, he worked as the prince's private treasurer before becoming Ahmad I Bey's treasurer (khaznadar).[5] He managed to climb to the highest offices of the Tunisian state and married Princess Lalla Kalthoum in 1839 and was promoted to lieutenant-general of the army, made bey in 1840 and then president of the Grand Council from 1862 to 1878. In 1864, Mustapha Khaznadar then Prime Minister attempted to squeeze more taxes out of the Tunisian peasants, the countryside rebelled and rose in a revolt nearly overthrowing the regime, however the government was swift to act and ultimately suppressed the uprising through a combination of brutality and guile.[12] Mustafa Khaznadar retained memories of his Greek origin[13] and contact with his native Greece, even sending ten thousand riyals from the state treasury to pay for his two Greek nephews he was educating in Paris.[14] Khaznadar died in 1878 and is buried in a mausoleum at Tourbet El Bey, in the heart of the Medina of Tunis.

Religious conversion and political career

[4] origin.Greek and originally of Beys of Tunis who were Husainid Dynasty and then Constantinople, where he was sold as a slave to an envoy of the Smyrna He was then taken to [10]