Mycobacterium chelonae

Mycobacterium chelonae

Mycobacterium chelonae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Order: Actinomycetales
Suborder: Corynebacterineae
Family: Mycobacteriaceae
Genus: Mycobacterium
Species: M. chelonae
Binomial name
Mycobacterium chelonae
Bergey et al. 1923, ATCC 35752

Mycobacterium chelonae is a species of the phylum actinobacteria (Gram-positive bacteria with high guanine and cytosine content, one of the dominant phyla of all bacteria), belonging to the genus mycobacterium. Mycobacterium chelonae is a rapidly growing mycobacterium, that is found all throughout the environment including sewage and tap water. It can occasionally cause opportunistic infections of humans.

Mycobacterium chelonae abscesses associated with biomesotherapy, an alternative therapy practice. (The abscesses are at the biomesotherapy injection site).

It is grouped in Runyon group IV.[1]

Type strain: strain CM 6388 = ATCC 35752 = CCUG 47445 = CIP 104535 = DSM 43804 = JCM 6388 = NCTC 946.

Epidemiology

On average, 2 cases of nonpulmonary M. chelonae infection are reported in South Australia each year.[2]

References

  1. ^ Mycobacterium Chelonae at eMedicine
  2. ^ Ivan, Mihaela; Dancer, Craig; Koehler, Ann P.; Hobby, Michaela; Lease, Chris (2013). Associated with Biomesotherapy, Australia, 2008"Abscesses"Mycobacterium chelonae . Emerging Infectious Diseases 19 (9).  

Further reading

  • Skerman, V. B. D.; McGowan, V.; Sneath, P. H. A. (1980). "Approved Lists of Bacterial Names". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 30: 225–420.  
  • Holt, John G., ed. (1994). "Mycobacterium"Table 21.3 Characteristics differentiating the rapidly growing species and subspecies of . Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology (9th ed.). pp. 600–1.  
  • Hill, L. R.; Skerman, V. B. D.; Sneath, P. H. A. (1984). "Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names: Edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 34 (4): 508–11.  
  • Strickland, Christopher; Jawad, Ali S.M. (2008). : a rare cause of subcutaneous nodules in a patient on long term corticosteroids"Mycobacterium chelonae". Grand Rounds 8: 4–5.