Supernova SN 1994D (lower left) in the outskirts of NGC 4526
|Observation data (J2000 epoch)|
|Right ascension||12h 34m 03.029s|
|Declination||+07° 41′ 56.90″|
|Helio radial velocity||±8 km/s 448|
|Distance||±5 Mly ( 55±1.6 Mpc) 16.9|
|Apparent dimensions (V)||7′.2 × 2′.4|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||10.7|
|NGC 4560, UGC 7718, PGC 41772|
NGC 4526 is a lenticular galaxy in the Virgo constellation that is seen nearly edge-on. The morphological classification is SAB(s)0°, which indicates a lenticular structure with a weak bar across the center and pure spiral arms without a ring. It belongs to the Virgo cluster and is one of the brightest known lenticular galaxies. The inner nucleus of this galaxy displays a rise in stellar orbital motion that indicates the presence of a central dark mass. The best fit model for the motion of molecular gas in the core region suggests there is a supermassive black hole with about +4.2
−3.0×108 (450 million) times the 4.5mass of the Sun. This is the first object to have its black-hole mass estimated by measuring the rotation of gas molecules around its centre with an Astronomical interferometer (in this case the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy).
Supernova SN 1969E was discovered in this galaxy in 1969, reaching a peak magnitude of 16. In 1994, a Type 1a supernova was discovered about two weeks before reaching peak brightness. Designated SN 1994D, it was caused by the explosion of a white dwarf star composed of carbon and oxygen.
- Gallery 1
- See also 2
- References 3
- External links 4
- Skrutskie, M. F.; et al. (February 2006), "The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS)", Astrophysical Journal 131 (2): 1163–1183,
- "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database", Results for NGC 4526, retrieved 2006-10-18.
- Tonry, J. L.; et al. (2001), "The SBF Survey of Galaxy Distances. IV. SBF Magnitudes, Colors, and Distances", Astrophysical Journal 546 (2): 681–693,
- Burstein, D. (November 1979), "Structure and origin of S0 galaxies. I - Surface photometry of S0 galaxies", Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 41: 435–450,
- Buta, Ronald J.; et al. (2007), Atlas of Galaxies, Cambridge University Press, pp. 13–17,
- Davis, Timothy A.; et al. (February 2013), "A black-hole mass measurement from molecular gas kinematics in NGC4526", Nature 494 (7437): 328–330,
- Kowal, C. T.; Sargent, W. L. W. (November 1971), "Supernovae discovered since 1885", Astronomical Journal 41: 756–764,
- Lentz, Eric J.; et al. (August 2001), "Non-LTE Synthetic Spectral Fits to the Type Ia Supernova 1994D in NGC 4526", The Astrophysical Journal 557 (1): 756–764,
- "The whirling disc of NGC 4526". www.spacetelescope.org. ESA/Hubble. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
- Lost Galaxy (NGC4526) in Virgo