National Basketball League (Australia)
Current season, competition or edition:
2015–16 NBL season
|No. of teams||8|
Australia (7 teams)
New Zealand (1 team)
|Continent||FIBA Oceania (Oceania)|
|Most recent champion(s)||New Zealand Breakers (4th title)|
|Most titles||Perth Wildcats (6 titles)|
Australian Basketball Association
New Zealand National Basketball League
State Basketball League (WA)
|Level on pyramid||1|
The National Basketball League (NBL) is the pre-eminent men's professional basketball league in Australia and New Zealand. The league was founded in 1979 and is currently contested by eight teams; seven from Australia and one from New Zealand.
- History 1
Competition format 2
- Regular season 2.1
- Finals 2.2
Current clubs 3
- Future expansion 3.1
- Rivalries 3.2
- Broadcasting 4.1
- Squad formation and salary cap 4.2
- List of Champions 5.1
- Hall of Fame 5.2
- Awards 5.3
- Road trips 6
- All-Star game 7
- See also 8
- References 9
- External links 10
In August 1979, the inaugural season of the NBL commenced, playing in the winter season (April–September) which it did so until the completion of the 1998 season, the league's twentieth season. The 1998–99 season, which began only months later, was the first to be played during the summer season (October–April). The shift, which is currently utilised by the league, was an attempt to avoid competing directly against Australia's various winter season football codes.
The NBL experienced its golden age in the 1990s, but its popularity, media attention, attendance and corporate support deteriorated and plateaued in the decade afterward. Australian NBA player Andrew Bogut suggested the NBL try to adopt a model similar to the Australian Football League (AFL) whereby there are the same 10 or 15 teams over a 10-year period.
At the start of the 2004–05 season, the league struck a new television deal with Fox Sports in Australia and a multi-year naming-rights sponsorship deal with electronics manufacturer Philips. Though in 2007, Philips announced they would not continuing their naming rights sponsorship in response to the NBL wishing to increase the sponsorship deal. On 18 September 2007, the NBL announced Hummer as their naming rights sponsor for the 2007–08 season.
A second Melbourne club, the South Dragons, entered the league in the 2006–07 season, but was short lived, soon folding 3 years later after the 2008–09 season in which they were premiers. In the 2006–07 season, the NBL became the first Australasian sporting league to field a team from Asia with the Singapore Slingers playing. The Gold Coast Blaze also joined the competition in the 2007–08 season.
A turbulent period during 2008 and 2009 saw the league lose teams from Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Singapore.
The 2009–10 season earmarked as the season in which the NBL would begin its revamping, much like the old National Soccer League which became the eight team A-League. The NBL returned to free-to-air television in Australia for the first time in three years with One broadcasting 2–3 games a week.
In 2013, the NBL had a de-merger from Basketball Australia.
Crowds improved for the 2013–14 NBL season, recording the highest cumulative crowd attendance figures for the past five years.
Since the 2009–10 NBL season, each team has played 28 games during the regular season, 14 home and 14 away. The regular season starts in early October and ends in late March.
The top four teams at the end of the regular season advances to the Finals. The team finishing in the first and second position at the completion of the regular season receives home advantages in their best-of-three first round matchup against the team finishing in fourth and third position. The winner of each of the three matches advances to the Grand Final. The winner of Series 1 plays the winner of Series 2 in the best-of-three Grand Final series, with home advantage being awarded to the highest remaining seed. The winner of this series is crowned as NBL champion.
The National Basketball League (NBL) was founded in 1979 with nine teams. Due to club expansions, reductions and relocations, many of the teams either changed or ceased to exist. There are currently eight teams; seven teams in Australia and one in New Zealand. The teams are located in Adelaide, Auckland, Cairns, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney, Townsville and Wollongong.
|Club||City, Region||Arena||Capacity||Founded||Joined||Head coach|
|Adelaide 36ers||Adelaide, South Australia||Titanium Security Arena||8,000||1982||Joey Wright|
|Cairns Taipans||Cairns, Queensland||Cairns Convention Centre||5,300||1999||Aaron Fearne|
|Illawarra Hawks||Wollongong, New South Wales||WIN Entertainment Centre||6,000||1979||Rob Beveridge|
|Melbourne United||Melbourne, Victoria||
Margaret Court Arena
State Netball and Hockey Centre
|New Zealand Breakers||Auckland, New Zealand||
North Shore Events Centre
|Perth Wildcats||Perth, Western Australia||Perth Arena||14,846||1982||Trevor Gleeson|
|Sydney Kings||Sydney, New South Wales||
Sydney Entertainment Centre (2015)
Sydney Olympic Park Sports Centre (2016)
|Townsville Crocodiles||Townsville, Queensland||Townsville Entertainment and Convention Centre||5,257||1986||1993||Shawn Dennis|
There has been significant support for the NBL to expand into Asia by many NBL players as well as from ex-Australian Boomers head coach Brian Goorjian, be it differently to how it was done with the now-defunct Singapore Slingers which had 14-hour round-trip flights to the Australian East Coast. Locating a team in the city of Darwin would make an Asian-based road-trip less drawn-out, although Darwin currently does not have the support for a national domestic team of any sort.
After years of public outcry to have a Brisbane team back in the NBL, moves were finally put in place to have the Bullets return to the league for the 2016–17 season.
Adelaide 36ers vs Melbourne United
Apart from the normal South Australian and Victorian rivalry, a new rivalry has emerged with Julius Hodge, a former 36er, returning to the NBL in November 2009, signing with the Melbourne Tigers. Hodge was a star in Adelaide when he joined the 36ers mid-season the previous two years, however issues relating to alleged missed payments caused him to walk out on the club in early January 2009 on bad terms.
Hodge returned to his old home court for the first time on 5 December 2009 in a Tigers overtime victory. After being heckled and taunted all night in a quiet game by his standards, Hodge caused more controversy when he stamped and spat on the Brett Maher signature on the centre of the Brett Maher Court following his new club's win. He was booed off aggressively and loudly by the Adelaide fans and needed security to escort him out of the stadium for security reasons.
Adelaide 36ers vs Perth Wildcats
Both teams were perennial championship contenders in the late 1980s and early 90s and had several marquee players with excellent match-ups, the three most notable all involving American imports: Al Green (Adelaide) vs Cal Bruton (Perth), Mark Davis (Adelaide) vs James Crawford (Perth) and Bill Jones (Adelaide) vs Tiny Pinder (Perth). Games during this era were rarely blowouts and helped to fuel the rivalry. Adelaide won the 1986 NBL Championship over the Brisbane Bullets and Bruton, who moved from Brisbane to be player-coach of Perth in 1987, built a team specifically to beat the reigning champions. Despite the long time rivalry between the two clubs, and the two teams having played numerous semi-final series against each other with the first being in that 1987 season, they did not face each other in a grand final series until the 2013-14 season, which was won by the Perth Wildcats. the Wildcats have won each semi finals series played between the two (1987, 1989 and 1995). As the mainstay players began to slow with age and retire, the intensity of this rivalry has declined. The two clubs remain the most successful in the NBL with four championships for Adelaide and six for Perth and are first and second on the all-time wins list, and have also matched up on more occasions (104 times total; Perth leading all time between the two 56-48) than any other two teams in the NBL (as of 24 February 2012). The rivalry continues into the 2012–13 season with the 36ers beating the Wildcats in back to back games in rounds 6 and 7, including the opening game at Perth's new home, the Perth Arena, in front of a then record Wildcats crowd of 11,562.
The Wildcats and 36ers dominated the 2013–14 NBL season, finishing first and second respectively during the regular round. After the three previous semi-final meetings, they then faced off in their first ever Grand Final series which saw the Wildcats emerge with their record 6th NBL championship with a 2-1 series win. This was one of the most anticipated series in NBL history, not only given the two clubs' long-standing rivalry, but also due to the post-game on court 'brawl' which took place following their Round 18 clash in Perth earlier in the season.
Cairns Taipans vs Townsville Crocodiles
A local derby-style rivalry nicknamed "Reptile Rumble" has developed to determine which is the dominant North Queensland team. The Cairns-Townsville basketball rivalry would have to be one of the longest and most passionate in the NBL. Both teams generally attract a close to capacity crowd anywhere from 4000+ at their home games. Each team and their supporters and mascots generally boo and taunt their visiting rivals. The rivalry has been in existent for over 10 years and almost came to a near end when the Cairns Taipans were on the verge of extinction due to financial issues.
Illawarra Hawks vs Sydney Kings
Hawks fans consider the Sydney Kings to be their most fierce rival. Many Hawks players have moved to the Kings including two former Rookie of the Year winners and a two-time Olympian. In the absence of the Kings, the Sydney Spirit took the role of rival, but this felt fake to some Hawks faithful. The Hawks took bragging rights after the 2000–01 season when they became the first team from New South Wales to qualify for the NBL finals, which they won against Townsville. Sydney then took the ascendency when they won three championships in a row, including a clean sweep of the Hawks.
National television broadcasting rights are as follows: While the ABC had exclusive national broadcasting rights from 1979-1987, other television stations around the country (usually those affiliated with either the Seven Network or Network Ten) would broadcast their local teams to their state markets once the sport gained popularity. For example, in the mid-1980s the Adelaide 36ers and Brisbane Bullets home games were shown in Adelaide and Brisbane by Network Ten stations SAS and TV0 respectively.
In 2015, Fox Sports secured a 5-year deal for the Australian broadcasting rights of all games, starting with the 2015-16 season. In addition, for the 2015-16 season Nine Network secured one weekly match (every Sunday afternoon) for FTA.
|Free TV||Pay TV||Free TV||Pay TV|
|2007||Nine Network||Māori Television|
Squad formation and salary cap
Most teams have historically featured at least one and usually two American imports; teams are limited to having two non-Australasians on the roster at any one time. Some of these players have moved to Australia permanently and become Australian citizens; a few including Cal Bruton, Mark Davis, Leroy Loggins and Ricky Grace have even played for the Australian national team (under a rule that allowed one naturalised player to compete for a national team).
The NBL's salary cap for the 2006–07 season was A$776,000, and increased to A$810,000 for the 2007–08 season; the cap rose for two consecutive years due to the continued growth of the league. The salary cap rose to A$1,000,000 for the 2009–10 season. The cap remains at A$1,000,000 for the 2012–13 season.
On May 9, 2014, in order to help attract high-calibre imports or offer financial incentive for local stars considering overseas opportunities, the NBL introduced a marquee player rule, in which a team can nominate one player whose salary is paid outside the cap, with a 25% Marquee Player levy applied to any payment made above the salary cap.
List of Champions
|Perth Wildcats||6||1990, 1991, 1995, 2000, 2010, 2014|
|Adelaide 36ers||4||1986, 1998, 1999, 2002|
|Melbourne United||4||1993, 1997, 2006, 2008||Known as the Melbourne Tigers until 2014|
|New Zealand Breakers||4||2011, 2012, 2013, 2015|
|Canberra Cannons †||3||1983, 1984, 1988||Became Hunter Pirates in 2003|
|Sydney Kings||3||2003, 2004, 2005|
|Brisbane Bullets||3||1985, 1987, 2007|
|St. Kilda Saints †||2||1979, 1980||Became Westside Saints in 1987|
|North Melbourne Giants †||2||1989, 1994||Merged to form Victoria Titans in 1998|
|South East Melbourne Magic †||2||1992, 1996||Merged to form Victoria Titans in 1998|
|Launceston Casino City †||1||1981||Team folded in 1983|
|West Adelaide Bearcats †||1||1982||Team left NBL in 1984|
|South Dragons †||1||2009||Team left NBL in 2009|
|† indicates club is not a current member of the NBL.|
Hall of Fame
The National Basketball League Hall of Fame was instituted in 1998 to mark the 20th season of the NBL. The Hall recognises outstanding service to the league as players, officials and other contributors.
In order to be eligible for induction into the Hall of Fame, candidates must have fulfilled the following criteria:
- Players must have made an outstanding contribution to the NBL, have been retired for a minimum of four seasons, and have played 100 NBL games or more.
- Coaches must have made an outstanding contribution to the NBL, have been retired for at least four seasons, and have been an NBL head coach for 10 seasons or more.
- Referees must have made an outstanding contribution to the league and have been retired for at least four seasons.
- Contributors must have made an outstanding contribution to the NBL, and may be elected at any time.
When Basketball Australia took over the NBL in 2010, the NBL Hall of Fame merged with the Basketball Australia Hall of Fame.
Inductees are listed in alphabetical order.
- 25th Anniversary Team (2003)
- 20th Anniversary Team (1998)
- Most Valuable Player
- Most Valuable Player – Grand Final
- Coach of the Year
- Rookie of the Year
- Most Improved Player
- Best Defensive Player
- Best Sixth Man
- Good Hands Award (defunct)
- Most Efficient Player (defunct)
- All-NBL team
The Doomsday Double, involving a journey out west to play the Adelaide 36ers and Perth Wildcats during the same round, has occurred 141 times as at the end of the 2010–11 season. Only four teams have won both legs of the trip, played either on consecutive nights or on a Friday night and Sunday afternoon. Due to the long time success rate of both the 36ers and Wildcats, the Double has long been considered the toughest two games in one weekend road trip in the NBL. The Doomsday Double was given its name by Hall of Famer Cal Bruton during its early days when the trip was a game in Perth on the Friday night followed by Adelaide the following night or vice versa.
Similar to the Doomsday Double, the Sunshine Swing pits teams against an away double or even triple game schedule against opponents from the state of Queensland, in the same round. The most frequent combinations have featured the Brisbane Bullets/Gold Coast Rollers or Cairns Taipans/Townsville Crocodiles double, which is the current Sunshine Swing. Other variants include Brisbane Bullets/Townsville Crocodiles and the gruelling Brisbane Bullets/Cairns Taipans/Townsville Crocodiles triple.
The All-Star game is an event that was first contested in 1982 by East and West teams. It was revived in 1988 when North and South teams competed. This match was played annually until 1997. In 2003–04 season the concept was revived with an East-West match being held in Melbourne. The following season saw a change of format, with a local team (Aussie All-Stars) playing an imports team (World All-Star). This was discontinuted after the 2007–08 season. The concept was revived in 2012 with an All-Star game between North and South being scheduled for December 2012.
- Basketball in Australia
- List of attendance figures at domestic professional sports leagues — the NBL in a worldwide context
- List of National Basketball League (Australia) venues
- NBL All-time Records
- New Zealand National Basketball League
- NBL HQ
- "Adopt AFL model". HeraldSun.com. 11 June 2007. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- Howell, Stephen (18 March 2007). "Sponsorship hike forces out Philips". TheAge.com. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "Hummer joins NBL as Naming Rights Sponsor". NBL.com.au. 18 September 2007. Retrieved 18 September 2007.
- "Our history". footballaustralia.com.au. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- "Kings return on the cards". foxsports.com.au. 1 August 2008. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- Basketball Australia and National Basketball League to move forward with de-merger
- The National Basketball League will relaunch its own competition
- "Finals". NBL.com.au. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- "Singapore Slingers pull out of NBL". SMH.com.au. 29 July 2008. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "Darwin can still be an NBL venue, says Minister". abc.net.au. 1 December 2005. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- "NBL Bringing Back the Brisbane Bullets". National Basketball League Australia. 18 September 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
- "No-show Julius Hodge quits Adelaide 36ers". HeraldSun.com. 8 January 2009. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "Hodge sticks the boot into Adelaide". ABC.net.au. 6 December 2009. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- Warren, Adrian (3 September 2015). "NBL fans to get boost in live coverage after five-year deal with Fox Sports".
- Pryde, Scott (6 October 2015). "Update: NBL secures free-to-air deal with Nine Network to show Sunday afternoon games". The Roar. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- "Salary Cap/Player Points". NBL.com.au. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- "Hall of Fame". NBL.com.au. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "CURRENT BA/NBL HALL OF FAME MEMBERS [MARCH 2010]" (PDF). Basketball.net.au. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "NBL BRINGS BASKETBALL ALL-STARS TO ADELAIDE". NBL.com.au. 26 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- NBL official website
- Basketball Australia official website
- NBL Wiki website
- FOX Sports Australia Basketball Section
- SportsAustralia.com Basketball Section
- NBL on AUStadiums
- AndTheFoul Popular NBL website
- Half Court Press NBL/NBA Blog