Paramus, New Jersey
|Paramus, New Jersey|
|Borough of Paramus|
Map highlighting Paramus' location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Paramus, New Jersey
|Incorporated||April 4, 1922|
|• Mayor||Richard LaBarbiera (term ends December 31, 2018)|
|• Administrator||Joseph O. D'Arco|
|• Clerk||Toni Falato|
|• Total||10.520 sq mi (27.246 km2)|
|• Land||10.470 sq mi (27.117 km2)|
|• Water||0.050 sq mi (0.129 km2) 0.47%|
205th of 566 in state
2nd of 70 in county
|Elevation||49 ft (15 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2014)||26,832|
93rd of 566 in state
8th of 70 in county
|• Density||2,516.0/sq mi (971.4/km2)|
|• Density rank||
249th of 566 in state
50th of 70 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885340|
Paramus ( , with the accent on the second syllable) is a borough in Bergen County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 26,342, reflecting an increase of 605 (+2.4%) from the 25,737 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 670 (+2.7%) from the 25,067 counted in the 1990 Census. A suburb of New York City, Paramus is located 15 to 20 miles (24 to 32 km) northwest of Midtown Manhattan and approximately 8 miles (13 km) west of Upper Manhattan. In 2013, it was named as a "New Jersey Healthy Town" under the state's Mayor’s Wellness Campaign.
Paramus was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 2, 1922, and ratified by a referendum held on April 4, 1922, that passed by a vote of 238 for and 10 against. Paramus was created from portions of Midland Township, which now exists as Rochelle Park. The name is usually said to be of Native American origin, derived from words meaning "land of the turkey" or meaning "pleasant stream"
The borough is one of the largest shopping destinations in the country, generating over $5 billion in annual retail sales, more than any other ZIP code in the United States. Paramus has more limited shopping hours, as it has some of the most restrictive blue laws in the nation (even stricter than those prevailing in the rest of Bergen County), banning nearly all retail and white-collar businesses from opening on Sundays. The only exceptions are gas stations, restaurants and grocery stores, and a limited number of other businesses. More than 63% of Bergen County voters rejected a referendum on the ballot in 1993 that would have repealed the county's blue laws, though the Paramus restrictions would have remained in place.
New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Paramus as its 21st best place to live in its 2013 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey. According to a recent NerdWallet survey, the sixth-best place to start a business in New Jersey is Paramus.
- Geography 1
- History 2
- 2010 Census 3.1
- 2000 Census 3.2
- Blue laws 4.1.1
- Timeline of malls 4.2
- Malls 4.1
- Arts and culture 5
- Sports 6
- Parks and recreation 7
- Annual events 8
- Local government 9.1
- Federal, state and county representation 9.2
- Politics 9.3
- Public library 9.4
- Education 10
- Roads and highways 11.1
- Public transportation 11.2
Points of interest 12
- Historic sites 12.1
- Other points of interest 12.2
- Emergency services 13
- In popular culture 14
- Notable people 15
- Notes 16.1
- Sources 16.2
- External links 17
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 10.520 square miles (27.246 km2), including 10.470 square miles (27.117 km2) of land and 0.050 square miles (0.129 km2) of water (0.47%).
The area that became northern New Jersey was occupied for thousands of years by prehistoric indigenous peoples. At the time of European encounter, it was settled by the historic Lenape people. The Lenape language word for the area, Peremessing, which meant that it had an abundant population of wild turkey, was anglicized to become the word "Paramus". A large metal statue of a wild turkey in the Paramus Park mall commemorates this history. Another variation is that the word means "pleasant stream".
Albert Saboroweski (Albrycht Zaborowski), whose descendants became known by the family name "Zabriskie", immigrated from Poland via the Dutch ship The Fox in 1662. He settled in the Dutch West Indies Company town of Ackensack, today's Hackensack. A son, Jacob, was captured by the Lenape and held for 15 years. When he was returned to his family, the Lenape explained to Saboroweski that they had taken the child in order to teach him their language so that he could serve as a translator. They granted Saboroweski approximately 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) of land which became known as the "Paramus Patent".
- Paramus official website
- Paramus Public Schools
- Paramus Public Schools's 2012–13 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Paramus Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Paramus Fire Department official website
- Paramus Rescue Squad official website
- Paramus Emergency Medical Services official website
- Japanese Weekend School of New Jersey (Japanese)
- Paramus on Local201.com
- Early 1900's: A New Town Emerges
- Municipal Incorporations of the State of New Jersey (according to Counties) prepared by the Division of Local Government, Department of the Treasury (New Jersey); December 1, 1958.
- Behnke, Fritz. Paramus – the Way We Were 1922–1960, Destiny Image Publishers, 1997. ISBN 9781560432043.
- Clayton, W. Woodford; and Nelson, William. History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey, with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men., Philadelphia: Everts and Peck, 1882.
- Harvey, Cornelius Burnham (ed.), Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Co., 1900.
- Van Valen, James M. History of Bergen County, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Publishing and Engraving Co., 1900.
- Westervelt, Frances A. (Frances Augusta), 1858–1942, History of Bergen County, New Jersey, 1630–1923, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1923.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 160.
- 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed January 8, 2015. As of date accessed, LaBarbiera is listed as mayor with a term-end year of 2014.
- Administration, Borough of Paramus. Accessed July 18, 2012.
- Borough Clerk, Borough of Paramus. Accessed July 18, 2012.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Paramus, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
- DP-1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Paramus borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2011.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011–2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 15. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Paramus borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 25, 2011.
- PEPANNRES – Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 – 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State – County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 20, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Paramus, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 24, 2011.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 29, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup – NPA NXX for Paramus, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 29, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
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- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Wagoner, Walier H. "Paramus Is Honored in Clean-Up Contest; Bergen Town Happy but Not Surprised by National Award", The New York Times, February 16, 1966. Accessed December 25, 2011. "Paramus – pronounced pah-RAHM-us, with the accent on the second syllable – may have taken its name from 'perremus' or 'perymus,' Indian for 'land of the turkey'."
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 18, 2012.
- Wassel, Bryan. "Paramus fit to be named 'healthy town'", Town News, March 6, 2013. Accessed October 24, 2014. "The Borough of Paramus has been leading the way for improved public health in Bergen County, taking part in the Mayor's Wellness Campaign (MWC) and being designated the state's 15th 'New Jersey Healthy Town.'"
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 84. Accessed July 18, 2012.
- Paramus History, Borough of Paramus. Accessed June 1, 2015.
- Staff. Acts of the One Hundred and Forty-Sixth Legislature of the State of New Jersey, pp. 81-83. New Jersey Secretary of State, 1922. Accessed October 17, 2015. "An Act to incorporate the borough of Paramus, in the county of Bergen"
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 8, 2015.
- Snow, Violet. "Paramus appeal goes beyond retail", The Record (Bergen County), January 16, 2011. Accessed January 23, 2011.
- Lanyard, Chuck. "Forget Beverly Hills, Paramus is the place to shop", Real Estate Weekly via The Free Library, September 14, 2005. Accessed October 24, 2014. "Paramus annually records the largest dollar volume in retail sales—more than $5 billion—than any other zip code in the United/States. Paramus attains this astounding figure even with its Blue Laws, which require most business's to shut their doors on Sundays."
- Adams, laura. "Billion-Dollar Bergen: Retail reigns supreme throughout the county", Bergen.com, February 4, 2011. Accessed October 24, 2014. "Today, Paramus boasts the single-largest retail zip code in the nation with its four major malls (Paramus Park Mall, Westfield Garden State Plaza, The Fashion Center and Bergen Town Center) and hundreds of specialty stores."
- Braff, Jason. "Shoplifting up in retail's top zip code", The Record (Bergen County), January 7, 2010. Accessed March 11, 2013.
- Tompkins, John "Sunday Selling Plaguing New Jersey", The New York Times, June 2, 1957. Accessed July 18, 2012. "The battle over whether retailers should be allowed to sell on Sunday is becoming more intense in New Jersey as lobbyists on both sides increase their efforts."
- Staff. "THE 1993 ELECTIONS: Ballots Measures; New Brooms Sweep In Power of Recall and Term Limits as Well as Candidates", The New York Times, November 4, 1993. Accessed December 25, 2011. "Residents of Bergen County decided that they wanted to keep the state's only countywide blue laws, which prohibit most shopping on Sunday. Voters rejected the effort to repeal the laws by 63 percent to 37 percent, with 99 percent of the county's precincts reporting."
- Staff. "Top Towns—Alphabetical ListFor your convenience, we've put all 514 New Jersey municipalities in alphabetical order, along with their county and overall rank.", New Jersey Monthly, September 3, 2013. Accessed September 24, 2015.
- Todd, Jonathan. "Best Places to Start a Business in New Jersey", NerdWallet, August 24, 2015, updated August 25, 2015. Accessed September 24, 2015.
- Areas touching Paramus, MapIt. Accessed January 8, 2015.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Citizens Semi-Centennial Assoc., 1919, Ridgewood Past and Present, p. 3.
- Cheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living In/Paramus; In Shopping Mecca, Houses Sell Well Too", The New York Times, April 15, 2001. Accessed May 23, 2012.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey State Library, May 1945. Accessed December 12, 2013.
- The Zabriskie House, built in 1796 in nearby Ho-Ho-Kus, New Jersey, is an area landmark.
- "Paramus, or land of the wild turkey"
- History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey, pp. 321–322.
- Ridgewood Past and Present, p. 4
- Hamilton, Alexander. The Papers of Alexander Hamilton, Columbia University Press, 1977, p. 296. While stationed in Ramapo, Burr met the woman he later married. The 1782 ceremony was held in Paramus.
- Ridgewood Past and Present, p. 7.
- Ridgewood Past and Present, p. 6
- Bake, William Spohn. Itinerary of General Washington from June 15, 1775, to December 23, 1783, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1892, p. 137
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- Dunkerhook: Slave Community?, accessed November 11, 2006.
- Cardwell, Diane. "For House Telling Paramus's History, End May Be Near", The New York Times, June 27, 2011. Accessed December 25, 2011. "The two houses, at 273 and 263 Dunkerhook, and a third one down the road and just over the line in Fair Lawn, were originally built, historians say, by one of the founding families of Bergen County, the Zabriskies. (The house at 273 Dunkerhook dates to around 1790, the one at 263 Dunkerhook to 1803.) As the Paramus houses passed from the Zabriskies to black farmers believed to be former Zabriskie slaves, they helped seed a thriving black settlement of several houses and a church that lasted into the 1930s."
- Staff. "FLAT IN JERSEY CITY RESOLD TO INVESTOR; Patrick J. Kennedy Acquires the Comfort Apartment on Bergen Avenue. ACREAGE DEAL AT PARAMUS Two Yonkers Plots Are Included in Westchester Transfers—Building Projects.", The New York Times, March 28, 1928. Accessed December 25, 2011. "Conrad Roes bought fourteen acres on the west side of Farview Avenue, Paramus, in Bergen County. The property is said to have the second highest elevation in the county and overlooks the Manhattan skyline."
- Satterthwaite, Ann. Going Shopping: Consumer Choices and Community Consequence, Yale University Press, 2001, p. 256
- Going Shopping, p. 256.
- Going Shopping, p. 257
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 – Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed December 25, 2011.
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- Historical Population Trends in Bergen County (1900–2010), Bergen County Department of Planning & Economic Development, 2011. Accessed October 29, 2013. Data for 1900–1920, prior to the borough's formation, was calculated by Bergen County analysts.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Paramus borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 16, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 – Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Paramus borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 16, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Paramus borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2011.
- Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 3, 2013. Accessed October 24, 2014.
- DeMasters, Karen. "BRIEFING: BUSINESS; TOYS 'R' US LAYOFFS", The New York Times, February 3, 2002. Accessed August 10, 2015. "Toys R Us will move its corporate headquarters from Paramus to Wayne, close 64 stores nationwide and lay off 1,900 employees, the company announced last week."
- Office Network, Hanjin Shipping. Accessed August 11, 2015.
- City of New York. "New York Sales and Use Tax". Accessed November 4, 2013. "The City Sales Tax rate is 4.5%, NY State Sales and Use Tax is 4% and the Metropolitan Commuter Transportation District surcharge of 0.375% for a total Sales and Use Tax of 8.875 percent"
- Belson, Ken; and Schweber, Nate. "Sales Tax Cut in City May Dim Allure of Stores Across Hudson". The New York Times. January 18, 2007. Accessed August 22, 2011. "For years, shoppers from New York City have played a game of retail arbitrage, traveling to the many malls in northern New Jersey, a state where there is no tax on clothing and shoes. Even accounting for tolls, gas and time, shoppers could save money by visiting the Westfield Garden State Plaza and other malls here, escaping the 8.375 percent sales tax they must pay in New York City on clothing and shoes that cost more than $110 per item."
- Verdon, Joan. "Remodeled Paramus Park draws smaller prototype stores", The Record (Bergen County), August 13, 2011. Accessed December 25, 2011. "Paramus Park, like the other malls in the borough, has benefited from 'the critical mass of retail that is assembled in this community,' and the spending levels that have made Paramus one of the top retail ZIP codes in the country, said Paramus Mayor Richard LaBarbiera."
- Westfield Garden State Plaza, Westfield Group. Accessed December 25, 2011. "Total retail space: 2,128,402ft2 or 197,728m2 (approx)"
- Barmash, Isadore. "Sales Strong for Jersey Nordstrom's", The New York Times, October 9, 1990. Accessed August 11, 2015. "Nordstrom Inc.'s store here, its first in the New York metropolitan area, appears to be off to a strong start in its first month, industry analysts and company executives say. Nordstrom executives refused to give details on the store's sales but said it had had the best initial sales volume of any of the company's three East Coast stores."
- Toys R Us Express , Westfield Garden State Plaza. Accessed October 7, 2015.
- Our History, Toys "R" Us. Accessed August 11, 2015. "In 1983, the company branched out into children’s clothing when it opened its first Kids “R” Us® stores in Paramus, New Jersey and Brooklyn, New York."
- Paramus Borough Code: Chapter 391: SUNDAY ACTIVITIES, Borough of Paramus. Accessed October 30, 2013.
- Paramus 07652, GlobeSt. Retail, October 3, 2005.
- Gartland, Michael. "Christie's blue law repeal proposal criticized", The Record (Bergen County), March 17, 2010. Accessed June 29, 2011. "Macy's declined to comment, referring questions to the New Jersey Retail Merchants Association, which supports lifting the blue laws. The association said that Sunday hours would generate $1.1 billion a year in extra business for Bergen County retailers, along with $65 million in state sales tax revenues."
- Verdon, Joan. "Judge sides with county executive over Bergen blue laws", The Record (Bergen County), November 9, 2012. Accessed November 19, 2012. "Paramus must set aside its blue laws this Sunday due to the unprecedented damage caused by Superstorm Sandy, a Bergen County Superior Court Judge ruled today."
- Sullivan, S.P. "Bergen County exec makes clear: Blue laws are back this weekend", The Star-Ledger, November 16, 2012. Accessed November 19, 2012.
- Paramus Place in Paramus, NJ - (shopping mall), MallsDb.com. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Barmash, Isadore. "Stores for the Quality-Minded Rise on Site of Former Celery Farms; SHOPPING CENTER OPENS IN PARAMUS Lord & Taylor and Altman Lead Quality Complex", The New York Times, February 15, 1967. Accessed October 30, 2013. "PARAMUS, N.J., Feb. 14 A new shopping center for the quality minded, The Fashion Center, will open here to the public tomorrow in a 33-acre hollow scooped out of former celery farms on Route 17 at Ridgewood Avenue."
- "Plaza to Celebrate Alvin and Susan Sauer on Friday", Paramus Patch. Accessed June 29, 2015.
- McQuaid, Kevin L. "Rouse Co. buys out partner in Paramus Park mall in N.J.", The Baltimore Sun, August 30, 1995. Accessed October 30, 2013. "The stake in the Paramus Park Mall from Rodamco N.V., a Dutch investment firm, marks the fourth time this year that Rouse has solidified its ownership of a retail property. With the purchase, a Rouse subsidiary will control the entire 755,000-square-foot mall.... Paramus Park, completed in 1974 and anchored by Sears, Roebuck & Co. and Macy's, is typically one of the best performers in Rouse's 75-property retail portfolio."
- Shoppes at IV in Paramus, NJ - (shopping mall), MallsDb.com. Accessed October 9, 2015.
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- Sloan, Carole. "Ikea adds breathing space in Paramus", Furniture Today, August 10, 2003. Accessed October 30, 2013. "More lifestyle vignettes, fewer rigid product displays, and more places for shoppers to relax are key elements in the furniture presentation at the just-opened Ikea store in Paramus, N.J., said Ian Wrling, U.S. deputy manager, North America. The store, at 370,000-square-feet, is the second-largest of Ikea's North American units, and 'offers us the opportunity to give customers breathing space in what had been a very rigid furniture presentation,' he said."
- Paramus-IKEA Shopping Center, Malls and Outlets. Accessed June 1, 2015.
- Paramus Borough Code: Chapter 191: BUSINESSES – Article II: Retail Business Closing Hours, Borough of Paramus. Accessed October 30, 2013. "Every retail business within the Borough of Paramus shall be closed to the public and business with the public therein shall be and is hereby prohibited after the hour of 11:00 p.m. and before the hour of 7:00 a.m. of any day."
- Ervolino, Bill. "Paramus parking lot was once a cinema under the stars", The Record (Bergen County), September 6, 2012. Accessed August 10, 2013.
- Gartland, Michael. "Epic theater soon to play its final reel", The Record (Bergen County), May 19, 2007. Accessed August 2, 2015. "The AMC Paramus Route 4 10 — known affectionately to locals simply as the Tenplex — will run its projectors for the last time Thursday, just one day before a bigger, more advanced cineplex opens down the road at the Garden State Plaza."
- Brody, Leslie. "NO NEED TO GO INTO MANHATTAN -- PARAMUS GETS ART CINEMA", The Record (Bergen County), July 25, 1997. Accessed August 2, 2015. "The Paramus Picture Show will be in the spot known for 20 years as Cinema 35, a discount movie house that sold tickets for $3."
- Spelling, Ian. "Theater closing down with a hunger benefit", The Record (Bergen County), December 3, 2004. Accessed August 2, 2015. "Unfortunately, too few people turned out to see such shows, and Paramus Picture Show will close Dec. 13."
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- Memorial Elementary School, Paramus Public Schools. Accessed October 30, 2013.
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- Parkway Elementary School, Paramus Public Schools. Accessed October 30, 2013.
- Ridge Ranch Elementary School, Paramus Public Schools. Accessed October 30, 2013.
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- Glovin, David. "Two Bergen Schools Pocket National Awards", The Record (Bergen County), May 22, 1999. Accessed June 29, 2011. "The Cherry Hill School in River Edge and the Ridge Ranch School in Paramus were among the 266 public and private elementary schools that were named 1998–99 Blue Ribbon Schools by the U.S. Education Department."
- Blue Ribbon Schools Program: Schools Recognized 1982–1983 through 1999–2002 (PDF), United States Department of Education, pp. 53–54. Accessed March 27, 2011.
- About Us, Bergen County Technical Schools. Accessed December 12, 2013.
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- Bergen County High Schools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed June 15, 2011.
- Alex, Patricia. "Pope held special spot in hearts of youth", The Record (Bergen County), April 5, 2005. Accessed August 21, 2008. "Today a memorial Mass will be celebrated at the school – the largest Catholic school in the state, and the rosary will be said in 10 languages..."
- Bergen County Catholic High Schools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed June 1, 2015.
- Mission Statement, Yavneh Academy. Accessed December 26, 2011.
- Capital Campaign, Yeshivat Noam. Accessed December 25, 2011.
- Thirty-Fifth Annual Dinner Journal, Frisch School, February 7, 2009, p. 18. Accessed June 29, 2011. "Under his direction, our school has grown to be the second largest coed yeshiva high school in the United States."
- About Bergen Community College. Bergen Community College. Accessed June 1, 2015. Founded in 1965 to satisfy the region's need for a convenient, affordable and comprehensive higher education destination, Bergen Community College now enrolls nearly 17,000 students in its academic degree programs. The College's three sites in Paramus (main campus), Hackensack (Ciarco Learning Center) and Lyndhurst (Bergen Community College at the Meadowlands) serve more than 32,000 students in degree, continuing education and adult education programs."
- Paramus, Berkeley College. Accessed October 24, 2014.
- Paramus, DeVry University. Accessed August 1, 2015.
- Lincoln Tech | Paramus, NJ Campus | Vocational School. Accessed August 14, 2015.
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- "学校案内" (Archive). Japanese Educational Institute of New York. Accessed April 15, 2015. The names of the weekend schools as stated on the pages should be "The Japanese Weekend School of New York" and "The Japanese Weekend School of New Jersey" – note that the Japanese names of the day and weekend schools are different.
- Home Page, EPIC School. Accessed October 24, 2014.
- History, Alpine Learning Group. Accessed October 24, 2014.
- Sunday, May 4, 2014; Westfield Garden State Plaza; Paramus, NJ, Go the distance for Autism. Accessed October 24, 2014.
- Bergen County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed October 30, 2013.
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- Route 4 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed October 30, 2013.
- Garden State Parkway Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed October 30, 2013.
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- Bergen County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed November 24, 2011.
- Available Schedules from Paramus, NJ to New York, NY., Coach USA. Accessed December 12, 2013.
- Jitney Transportation Along New Jersey's Route 4 Corridor, Columbia University Urban Transportation Policy, December 2006. Accessed July 29, 2013.
- Midland School – Nomination Form, National Register of Historic Places, received December 12, 1977. Accessed October 30, 2013.
- Terhune House – Nomination Form, National Register of Historic Places, received June 14, 1995. Accessed October 30, 2013.
- Terhune-Gardner-Lindenmeyr House – Nomination Form, National Register of Historic Places, received December 7, 1971. Accessed October 30, 2013.
- Harmon Van Dien House – Nomination Form, National Register of Historic Places. Accessed June 11, 2014.
- Albert J. Zabriskie Farmhouse – Nomination Form, National Register of Historic Places, received April 21, 1977. Accessed June 11, 2014.
- Ensslin, John C. "Preservation effort falls short as Zabriskie house demolition begins (video)", The Record (Bergen County), July 13, 2012. Accessed July 18, 2012. "An irreplaceable link to Bergen's County's early history, particularly for African-Americans, vanished in a cloud of dust on Friday as a backhoe clawed at the splintered wood and brownstone remains of the Zabriskie Tenant House, a 1780s building that later became home to generations of former slaves and their descendents."
- About Us, Paramus Fritz Behnke Historical Museum. Accessed August 13, 2015.
- Pries, Allison. "New Jersey Children's Museum to close next month", The Record, August 15, 2014. Accessed August 13, 2015. "It was just another familiar, fun moment for young imaginations at the New Jersey Children’s Museum, a community touchstone for thousands of North Jersey children, parents and grandparents over the past 22 years.... The site the museum operates out of was sold in February to Valley Health Systems, which will convert it to its needs, Sumers said."
- Fire Department, Borough of Paramus. Accessed November 19, 2012.
- Paramus Emergency Medical Services, Borough of Paramus. Accessed November 19, 2012.
- Home page, Paramus Police Department. Accessed November 18, 2012.
- Wiggins, Ovetta. "CONE-TOWN, USA – ASK ANY ALIEN: IT'S A GREAT PLACE TO LIVE POINTED PRAISE", The Record (Bergen County), July 24, 1993. Accessed May 28, 2007.
- """The Sopranos "On Location. 4t.com.
- Parrilo, Rosemary. "The Locations", The Star-Ledger, March 4, 2001. Accessed September 10, 2013.
- The Sopranos location guide, Accessed October 10, 2013.
- Levy, Emanuel. "Burn After Reading: Shooting a Joel and Ethan Coen Wild Comedy", Emanuel Levy Cinema 24/7, August 24, 2008. Accessed December 12, 2013. "The unit soon decamped to Paramus, New Jersey, where all the scenes that transpire at Hardbodies Fitness Center the workplace of Linda, Chad, and Ted were filmed. At an abandoned building that had until recently housed a Tower Records, Gonchor and his department with an fitness-equipment assist from Gym Source transformed the newly emptied space into a working gym."
- Ma, Myles. . Borough makes cameo in superhero flickCaptain America"Paramus Mention in , Paramus Patch, August 1, 2011. Accessed December 12, 2013. "If you're going to see the new Captain America movie, watch out for the Paramus mention.... One of the towns the Brooklyn native uses as an assumed address is Paramus, New Jersey."
- Nash, Margo. "FOOTLIGHTS; All About A, And Don't Forget Z", The New York Times, September 4, 2005. Accessed September 7, 2015. "When it came time to choose a shopping center, the video's makers headed, quite naturally, to New Jersey. Mr. Colbert, dressed as a big blue letter Z, and Ms. Sullivan, appearing as a big red A, are shown in the video ambling around the Garden State Mall [sic], asking people if they know any words with their letters in them. Ms. Sullivan got a lot more responses than Mr. Colbert."
- Schager, Nick. "The 10 Best Movies Set in New Jersey; A state that deserves more cinematic recognition", Esquire (magazine), June 20, 2014. Accessed September 7, 2015. "Much of Ron Howard's Ransom was filmed in and around New York and New Jersey, and Mel Gibson's first attempt to hand over money in exchange for his kidnapped son is clearly set at a Haledon, New Jersey, quarry — a location that Gibson arrives at after driving from Manhattan to Jersey City (via the Holland Tunnel), and then on through Paramus."
- Galant, Debra. "Bowling, Once a First Date, Now Takes Back Seat", The New York Times, December 10, 2000. Accessed September 30, 2015. "Even people who never set foot there remember seeing Paramus Lanes on the 1950's television shows Make That Spare and Championship Bowling."
- Zach Deputy Music- Music Accessed October 17, 2015.
- John Bancker Aycrigg, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed February 8, 2011.
- Zeitchik, Steven. "IN PERSON; Meet Joe Fan", The New York Times, January 23, 2005. Accessed December 25, 2011. "Amid the swirl of the New York region's media personalities, most people have probably never heard of Mr. Benigno. But as the longtime host of WFAN's overnight program, the Garfield-born, Paramus-bred broadcaster combined an uncommon mix of black humor, esoteric knowledge and incredulity to become a cult figure."
- "Football players make a difference at NFL Alumni's Charity Golf Classic", June 21, 2010. "'Our time in the league typically doesn't last too long but the impact we can make sure can,' said Blackburn, who drove up from Paramus, New Jersey."
- Wilner, Barry via Associated Press. "BOUNDARIES MELT AS SKATING PAIR UNITES", Rocky Mountain News, January 12, 1992. Accessed February 8, 2011. "Galit Chait, a 16-year-old from Paramus, N.J., and Maxim Sevostianov of Cheljabinsk, Russia, weren't close to the best dancers at the event. They were among the most intriguing."
- Oshinsky, David M. "Charge It!", The New York Times, March 2, 2003. Accessed September 15, 2011. "Cohen belongs to the postwar baby boom generation. Raised in Paramus, N.J., an epicenter of tract housing and highway shopping malls, she has used the experience of the Garden State to probe the larger issues of postwar economic change."
- Whelan, Jeff S. "Former state Sen. Coniglio indicted on corruption charges", The Star-Ledger, February 14, 2008. Accessed February 8, 2011. "Coniglio, a Bergen County Democrat, allegedly helped Hackensack University Medical Center obtain millions of dollars in state funding in exchange for a $5,000 per month-job as a 'hospital relations' consultant, according to the indictment. The 65-year-old retired plumber from Paramus had no prior experience for such a job, authorities said."
- Ensslin, John C. "Former lawmaker Paul Contillo named to fill interim Assembly seat", The Record (Bergen County), October 20, 2013. Accessed September 24, 2015. "A Brooklyn native, Contillo founded and ran two New York printing firms. He has lived since 1955 in Paramus, where he served on the borough council from 1971-73. He previously served in the Assembly from 1973 to 1979."
- Toribio, Elyse. "Paramus High School Grad and “Clueless” Actress Stacey Dash Gets Backlash for Romney Support", The Beat of North Jersey, October 10, 2012. Accessed June 1, 2015. "The 46-year-old Paramus High School graduate took to the Piers Morgan Show on CNN Tuesday night to express her surprise at all the negative commentary and reiterate her endorsement of Romney."
- Smith, Marcia C. "Behind the scenes with voice of Lakers", The Orange County Register, April 22, 2010. Accessed May 26, 2010.
- Ditrani, Vinny. "Paramus' Jim Dray looks to sway NFL teams at combine", The Record (Bergen County), February 26, 2010. Accessed February 16, 2011. "Former Bergen Catholic and Stanford star Jim Dray is among the better blocking tight ends at this year's NFL combine."
- Pryor, Terrance. "The Escape Engine announce new album & reunion show", FakeWalls.com, March 21, 2012. Accessed October 24, 2014. "Paramus rock group The Escape Engine have announced the release of their sophomore album: When You Dance With The Devil."
- Maynard, Micheline. "Private Sector; Rising at Ford, Without Fanfare", The New York Times, May 5, 2002. Accessed December 25, 2011. "Born in Brooklyn and raised in Paramus, N.J., Mr. Fields has an atypical automotive career – he came to Ford from a series of marketing positions at I.B.M."
- Hicks, Robert. "American songwriter finds success in United Kingdom", Daily Record (Morristown), April 20, 2007. Accessed May 28, 2007. "Friedman grew up in Paramus."
- Saxon, Wolfgang. "Fred C. Galda, 79, Retired Judge", The New York Times, August 19, 1997. Accessed December 25, 2011. "Fred C. Galda, a retired New Jersey Superior Court judge and former prosecutor and Mayor of Paramus, N.J., died on Thursday at Valley Hospital in Ridgewood, N.J. He was 79 and a resident of Saddle River, N.J."
- Shanley, John P. "GENNARO – COMO'S DANCING MASTER", The New York Times, October 15, 1961. Accessed December 26, 2011. ""They live in a converted barn in Paramus, N. J., with their children, Michael, 11 years old, and Liza, 3."
- Robbins, Liz. "OLYMPICS; Beating Unbeatable Foe Makes a Dream Possible", The New York Times, June 23, 2000. Accessed December 25, 2011. "The Iranian-born Greco-Roman heavyweight who moved to Paramus, N.J., at 15 stood on the podium feeling as if he had let down the United States."
- Friess, Steve. "Tournament Winner Says He Was Wrong", The New York Times, February 24, 2007. Accessed December 25, 2011. "In his first interview since the settlement, Gold, a 38-year-old Hollywood producer from Paramus, N.J., said the lawsuit was not difficult to resolve, although the agreement bars him from disclosing the fate of the record-setting $12 million purse."
- Troncone, Tom. "$6M of record poker pot at stake", The Record (Bergen County), September 20, 2006. Accessed July 18, 2012. "On one side of the table sits Jamie Gold, a former Paramus resident who dominated the competition en route to the coveted World Series of Poker championship last month."
- Charles Samuel Joelson, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed February 8, 2011.
- Louis F. Kosco, New Jersey Legislature, archived by the Internet Archive on February 25, 1998. Accessed May 26, 2010.
- Assemblyman Joseph A. Lagana, New Jersey Legislature, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed September 24, 2015.
- Beckerman, Jim. "Hollywood weighs in on 9/11", The Record (Bergen County), April 23, 2006. Accessed May 26, 2010. "... you're particularly sensitive and you're out for an evening of fun and the trailer catches you unaware it could be upsetting says Levin a Paramus native ..."
- Coutros, Evonne. "Who's the boss now? – Paramus actor worked his way up to role he couldn't refuse", The Record (Bergen County), February 9, 2003. Accessed October 14, 2007.
- Staff. "The Closing: Howard Lorber", The Real Deal (magazine), July 1, 2006. Accessed February 8, 2011. "Where were you born and where did you grow up? I was born in the Bronx and grew up in Paramus, N.J., until I moved to Long Island for college."
- Staff. "EX-MAYOR, OTHERS ARE SUED BY U.S.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 21, 1983. Accessed October 30, 2013. "Also named in the action was Herbert Maddalene of Paramus, who was not charged in the racketeering case."
- About Trisha, CentralParkJogger.com. Accessed March 3, 2015. "Born and raised in Paramus, New Jersey, and Pittsburgh, Trisha was a Phi Beta Kappa economics major at Wellesley College and a double graduate degree recipient (M.B.A. and M.A.) at Yale University."
- Maag, Christopher. "Sen. Menendez moves to Bergen County", The Record (Bergen County), July 5, 2014. Accessed October 24, 2014. "Menendez first talked publicly about his move at a political fundraiser in Edgewater on Wednesday night, where he announced not only that he will support Democrat James Tedesco’s campaign for Bergen County executive, he’ll also be voting for Tedesco in the November election. 'Yes that is correct. He lives in Paramus now," said Steven Sandberg, a spokesman for Menendez."
- Fujimori, Sachi. "Edgewater comedian works to counter stereotypes of Muslims", The Record (Bergen County), January 17, 2011. Accessed December 25, 2011. "WHAT: The Big Brown Comedy Hour hosted by Daily Show correspondent Aasif Mandvi and featuring Maysoon Zayid, Dean Obeidallah (grew up in Lodi and Paramus) and others."
- Staff. "George Olsen, 78, Bandleader Of the 20's and 30's, Is Dead", The New York Times, March 19, 1971. Accessed February 8, 2011.
- Pennington, Juliet. "Ken Oringer is hungry for street food, a good walk", The Boston Globe, December 6, 2014. Accessed September 24, 2015. "When he isn’t working at his flagship Clio or one of his other five eateries, Oringer enjoys his time at home in the South End with his wife, Celine, daughter, Verveine, and son, Luca. We caught up with Oringer, 49, a Paramus, N.J., native, to talk about all things travel."
- Wassel, Bryan. "Berklee professor, former Paramus resident credits Beatles as musical inspiration", Town News, May 4, 2011. Accessed September 13, 2011. "A former Paramus resident has accomplished a series of firsts at Berklee College in Boston: becoming the first woman to graduate the guitar performance program in 1982, the first female faculty member of the guitar department in 1984 and the first female to be promoted to full professor in the department in 2009. Lauren Passarelli, who was born in Teaneck and grew up in Paramus, developed her interest in guitar at an early age, citing the Beatles as one of her biggest influences.... Passarelli's musical talent goes beyond just the guitar, and while attending Paramus High School she played flute in the school's marching and concert bands, as well as guitar for the stage band."
- Staff. "The New York genealogical and biographical record, Volumes 11–13", p. 28. New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 1880. Accessed February 8, 2011.
- Mills, Ed. "College football: Honors aplenty for Paramus native John Robertson", The Record (Bergen County), December 18, 2014. Accessed December 21, 2014. "The honors just keep pouring in for John Robertson. And the former Paramus High School standout certainly has earned them with exceptional double-duty displays of skill and hard work."
- Levin, Jay. "Ira Rubin, world champion bridge player, dies at 82", The Record (Bergen County), February 7, 2013. Accessed January 6, 2015. "Ira Rubin, who lived in Paramus for 35 years and in Fair Lawn before that, is survived by his children, Loribeth Kimmel, Eric Rubin and Jeffrey Rubin, and his former wife, Harriet Rubin."
- Bell, Jack. "U.S. Women’s Coach Pleads for Better Players", The New York Times, May 18, 2009. Accessed February 8, 2011. "'They've made a concerted effort to bring loads of Brazilian players and coaches and have followed the Brazilian philosophy, which is about having great technical skills and playing a beautiful game,' Tambi said during a recent interview at his home in Paramus, N.J."
- Freeholder James J. Tedesco, III, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed October 24, 2014.
- "Rutgers Receives $1.5 Million Gift for Neuroscience/Brain Health Faculty Position as Part of “Our Rutgers, Our Future” CampaignDonation answers call to $27 million challenge to establish 18 endowed chairs", Rutgers Today, March 7, 2012. Accessed October 30, 2013. "Temares, who graduated from Rutgers with a bachelor’s degree in economics, and went on to earn a law degree from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, was born in the Bronx and grew up in Paramus."
- Corcoran, David. "Theodore Trautwein, Judge in Landmark Press Case, Dies at 80", The New York Times, September 2, 2000. Accessed October 13, 2009.
- Jaeger, Barbara. "PARAMUS BAND FEELS AT HOME IN THE STUDIO", The Record (Bergen County), July 17, 1992. Accessed October 15, 2007. "For all those Trixter fans who've been wondering when the Paramus-based band will be releasing a new album, guitarist Steve Brown has these encouraging words..."
- Assemblywoman Connie Wagner, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 8, 2011.
- Bondy, Filip. "FIGURE SKATING; Zayak's Biggest Jump: A Leap Into the Past", The New York Times, May 16, 1993. Accessed October 14, 2007. "Her father, Richard Zayak, would drive from their home in Paramus, N.J., to her New York practice rinks in Farmingdale or Monsey and offer his daughter $1 per perfect jump."
- John Bancker Aycrigg (1798–1856), member of the United States Congress from New Jersey.
- Joe Benigno (born 1953), sports radio personality on WFAN.
- Chase Blackburn (born 1983), linebacker for the New York Giants and a member of the Super Bowl XLII and Super Bowl XLVI champion Giants.
- Galit Chait (born 1975), ice dancer who represented Israel internationally from 1995 to 2006.
- Lizabeth Cohen, historian, college professor and author, whose 2003 work A Consumer's Republic builds on her experience growing up in post-war Paramus.
- Joseph Coniglio (born 1943), former member of the New Jersey Senate.
- Paul Contillo (born 1929), politician who served in both houses of the New Jersey Legislature after serving on the Paramus Borough Council from 1971 to 1973.
- Stacey Dash (born 1967), film and television actress who appeared in the 1995 film Clueless and its TV spinoff.
- Spero Dedes (born 1979), Los Angeles Lakers radio commentator, NFL Network television host, and CBS NCAA tournament basketball announcer.
- Jim Dray (born 1986), tight end who has played for the Arizona Cardinals.
- The Escape Engine, former hardcore/punk rock band formed in Paramus from 2002–2006.
- Mark Fields (born c. 1961), Ford Motor Company President and Chief Executive Officer.
- Dean Friedman (born 1955), one-hit wonder with the top tune "Ariel" in 1977. A lyric in the song references "the waterfall in Paramus Park."
- Fred C. Galda (c. 1918–1997), former mayor of Paramus who oversaw the implementation of the borough's blue laws in 1958.
- Peter Gennaro (1919–2000), Tony Award-winning dancer and choreographer.
- Matt Ghaffari (born 1961), Olympic wrestler.
- Jamie Gold (born 1969), winner of the 2006 World Series of Poker.
- Charles Samuel Joelson (1916–1999), politician who represented New Jersey's 8th congressional district.
- Louis F. Kosco (born 1932), politician who served in both the New Jersey General Assembly and the New Jersey Senate.
- Joseph Lagana (born 1978), member of the New Jersey General Assembly since 2014.
- Lloyd Levin (born 1958), film producer whose work includes United 93.
- Tony Lip (1930–2013), actor who appeared on The Sopranos, playing the role of Carmine Lupertazzi.
- Howard Lorber (born 1948), CEO of the Vector Group.
- Herbert F. Maddalene (born 1928), architect best known for his work designing churches with the firm of Genovese & Maddalene.
- Trisha Meili, the "Central Park jogger", a 28-year-old jogger who was raped and beaten in New York City's Central Park in 1989.
- Bob Menendez (born 1954), U.S. Senator.
- Dean Obeidallah (born 1969), Arab/Italian-American comedian.
- Ken Oringer (born 1965), chef.
- Lauren Passarelli (born 1960), musician and educator.
- John Bartow Prevost (1766–1825), first Judge of the Superior Court of the Territory of Orleans.
- John Robertson (born 1993), quarterback for the Villanova Wildcats football team who won the 2014 Walter Payton Award.
- Ira Rubin (1930–2013), world champion professional contract bridge player.
- Kazbek Tambi (born 1961), former professional soccer player.
- James J. Tedesco III (born 1953), politician elected in 2014 as Bergen County Executive who had been a member of the Bergen County Board of Freeholders and former mayor of Paramus.
- Steven H. Temares (born 1958), Chief Executive Office of Bed, Bath & Beyond.
- Theodore Trautwein (1920–2000), judge who sentenced a reporter from The New York Times to 40 days in jail in the "Dr. X" trial of Mario Jascalevich.
- Trixter, a glam metal band, formed in Paramus.
- Connie Wagner (born 1948), member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Elaine Zayak (born 1965), one of the world's top figure skaters in the early 1980s.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Paramus include:
- The 1993 Saturday Night Live spin-off movie Coneheads is set in Paramus. Dan Aykroyd and Jane Curtin's characters decide to move to and permanently reside in the borough so daughter Michelle Burke can attend Paramus High School. Aykroyd's character "Beldar Conehead" spends his days in Paramus giving driving lessons and playing golf.
- Several episodes of The Sopranos, the HBO mob drama, have used Paramus locations. Westfield Garden State Plaza was used as the "Paramus Mall," and the Ramsey Outdoor Store on Route 17 became the "Ramsey Outdoor," and a character is "whacked" at the remnants of the Old Mill Bathing Beach on Paramus Road. In the final episode of the series, a scene with Paulie Walnuts is shot in Paramus, where he was in a car, driving past a gas station.
- Less Than Jake recorded a song entitled, "24 Hours in Paramus" in 1995 as one of the songs in their album, Losers, Kings, and Things We Don't Understand.
- Scenes from the 2008 film Burn After Reading by the Coen Brothers were filmed in Paramus at the site of the old Tower Records annex building located on Route 17S that had been transformed into Hardbodies Fitness Center.
- In the 2011 superhero film Captain America: The First Avenger, Brooklyn native Steve Rogers uses Paramus as a fake hometown during a string of unsuccessful efforts to enlist in the United States Army during World War II.
- The 2005 Sesame Street direct-to-video All Star Alphabet, featuring Stephen Colbert and Nicole Sullivan, was filmed on location at Westfield Garden State Plaza.
- Paramus was one of the filming locations in the 1986 film Something Wild.
- A scene from the 1996 film Ransom was filmed on Route 4 in Paramus where Mullen is on his way driving to Stone Quarry.
- The former Paramus Bowling Center was the filming site of the bowling competition shows Make That Spare and Championship Bowling.
- Zach Deputy recorded a song called "Paramus" in 2009 as one of the songs in his album "Sunshine".
In popular culture
The borough's Ambulance Corps is staffed 24 hours a day for quick response. There are crews stationed at the Life Safety complex, located next to the Rescue building, and at Fire Company 3. A separate volunteer Ambulance Corps exists, largely for stand-by purposes at large events. The Paramus Police Department, which responds to 60,000 calls annually, is located on Carlough Drive right next to borough hall.
The Paramus Fire Department is a volunteer organization consisting of four companies. Company 1 (E1-T1) is located at East Firehouse Lane, across from the Fashion Center. Company 2 (E2-E22) is located on Spring Valley Road, and is nicknamed "Spring Valley Fire Company #2." Company 3 (E3-HazMat-Foam3) is located at 198 West Midland Ave. Company 4 (E4-T4-E44) is on Farview Avenue and is nicknamed "Farview Fire Company #4." Paramus also has a separate volunteer rescue squad (Rescue 7 & 9) specializing in motor vehicle extrication.
- Fritz Behnke Historical Museum, located on Paramus Road. It is open every Sunday and has exhibits about Paramus' past.
- New Jersey Children's Museum. Opened in 1992, it featured hands-on exhibits for children such as a fire truck, a news studio, a helicopter, and other fun pretend attractions that drew 700,000 visitors per year. It closed in 2014 after Valley Hospital wanted to buy property near its Ridgewood location.
Other points of interest
- Midland School – 239 W. Midland Avenue (added 1978). The school was constructed in 1876, and was used as a branch of the Paramus Public Library after Midland School was moved up the street.
- Terhune House – 470 Paramus Road (added 1996). An 18th-century Dutch Colonial home constructed of sandstone, that was later modified to add Victorian features, including a mansard roof.
- Terhune-Gardner-Lindenmeyr House – 218 Paramus Road (added 1972). A Federal Period home constructed on the last remaining portion of untouched land from Terhune's farm, as taken from the original Zabriskie patent. The oldest known portion that can be reliably dated is from 1807–08, with an older adjoining section of the house dating back as far as 1707.
- Harmon Van Dien House – 449 Paramus Road (added 1983)
- Albert J. Zabriskie Farmhouse – 7 East Ridgewood Avenue (added 1977)
- Zabriskie Tenant House – 273 Dunkerhook Road (added 1984). The house was demolished in July 2012 by a housing developer who owned the property, after efforts to preserve or relocate the house failed.
Paramus is home to the following locations on the National Register of Historic Places:
Points of interest
Frequent Spanish Transportation and other independent companies.
709, 722, 751, 752, 753, 755, 756, 758, 762 and 770 routes. Nine out of the twenty-two New Jersey Transit buses that serve Paramus does not provide service on Sundays. The 722 does not provide services on Saturdays and Sundays.
As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 121.78 miles (195.99 km) of roadways, of which 90.79 miles (146.11 km) were maintained by the municipality, 18.86 miles (30.35 km) by Bergen County, 7.72 miles (12.42 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, and 4.41 miles (7.10 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Roads and highways
Paramus is also home to two special education schools. The EPIC School (Educational Partnership for Instructing Children) is located on North Farview Avenue, next to the Our Lady of Visitation church. The Alpine Learning Group is located on County Route 62, close to Linwood Avenue. Annually, both schools, along with the REED Academy in Oakland and the Garden Academy in Maplewood, are all sponsors of the Go the Distance for Autism Bike Event, raising hundreds of thousands of dollars for Autism Awareness. The event takes place every May at Westfield Garden State Plaza.
As of February 2013 the Japanese Weekend School of New Jersey, a two Japanese day schools in the New York City area.
There is also a DeVry University campus located at the 35 Plaza Shopping Center in Paramus.
The Bergen campus of Berkeley College is located in Paramus.
Bergen Community College is based in Paramus, with other satellite centers located elsewhere around the county. The bulk of the college's 17,000 students working towards degrees are located at the main campus in Paramus.
Paramus is home to Yavneh Academy and Yeshivat Noam, founded in 2001, which are K-8 co-ed Jewish day schools. Frisch School is a Modern Orthodox Jewish yeshiva serving grades 9–12 that describes itself as the nation's second largest coed yeshiva high school.
Paramus is home to many private religious schools. Paramus Catholic High School is a co-educational Roman Catholic high school founded in 1965 and operated by the Archdiocese of Newark. With more than 1,500 students, it has the largest enrollment of any Roman Catholic high school in the state of New Jersey. It is also the location of Visitation Academy, a Pre K3-8 Catholic school also overseen by the Newark Archdiocese.
Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Bergen Tech campus in Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.
The Paramus Public Schools serve students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011–12 school year, the district's eight schools had an enrollment of 4,042 students and 316.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.77:1. Schools in the district (with 2011–12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are five elementary schools — Memorial Elementary School (315 students; in grades K-5), Midland Elementary School (249; K-5), Parkway Elementary School (276; PreK-5), Ridge Ranch Elementary School (330; K-5) and Stony Lane Elementary School (206; K-5) — Eastbrook Middle School (653) and Westbrook Middle School (679) for grades 5–8 and Paramus High School for grades 9–12 (1,334). Three of the district's schools have been formally recognized with the National Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence: Paramus High School in 1988–89, Parkway Elementary School in 1987–88 and Ridge Ranch Elementary School in 1998–99.
The borough's original public library, known locally as the Howland House, was originally located at the intersection of Spring Valley Road and Howland Avenue. It was demolished sometime in the late 1990s. A September 11, 2001 memorial park now exists at the site known as Howland Memorial Grove.
There are two public libraries in Paramus. There is the Main Library on Century Road. There is also the Charles E. Reid Branch library on Midland Avenue, which was originally a four-room schoolhouse built in 1876.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 64.4% of the vote (4,888 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 34.8% (2,641 votes), and other candidates with 0.8% (60 votes), among the 7,809 ballots cast by the borough's 17,083 registered voters (220 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 45.7%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 4,298 votes here (49.7% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 3,857 votes (44.6% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 376 votes (4.3% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 32 votes (0.4% vs. 0.5%), among the 8,656 ballots cast by the borough's 17,354 registered voters, yielding a 49.9% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
In the John Kerry with 6,103 votes (46.5% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 87 votes (0.7% vs. 0.7%), among the 13,123 ballots cast by the borough's 17,206 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.3% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 16,874 registered voters in Paramus, of which 4,454 (26.4% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 3,474 (20.6% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 8,938 (53.0% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 8 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 64.1% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 81.6% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
).Cresskill and Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D,  Sheriff Michael Saudino (R)),Northvale Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D,  (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes).Tracy Silna Zur and , 2015; serving the unexpired term of office that had been occupied by James Tedesco before he was sworn in as County Executive)Montvale Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, )Franklin Lakes Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; ),Fair Lawn (D, 2017; David L. Ganz ),River Edge, 2016; R Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice ()North Arlington Vice Chairman Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; ),Fort Lee (D, 2017; Joan Voss Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairwoman 
The 38th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Robert M. Gordon (D, Fair Lawn) and in the General Assembly by Tim Eustace (D, Maywood) and Joseph Lagana (D, Paramus). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
Paramus is located in the 5th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 38th state legislative district.
Federal, state and county representation
In October 2015, Moody's Investors Service upgrade general obligation dent of the Borough of Paramus from Aa1 to Aaa, in light of the low levels of debt and the strength of the borough's financial operations, reserve levels, tax base, management practices and levels of wealth.
Joseph Garcia was chosen by the Borough Council in December 2013 from among three candidates proposed by the Democratic Borough Committee to fill the vacant seat of Joseph Lagana, who had resigned the previous month to fill the New Jersey General Assembly vacancy of Connie Wagner.
As of 2015, the Mayor is Democrat Richard LaBarbiera, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Borough Council Members are Council President Maria Elena Bellinger (D, 2017), Joseph Garcia (D, 2017), Stephen Sullivan (R, 2016), Patsy L. Verile (D, 2015), Donna Warburton (D, 2015) and Jeanne Weber (R, 2016).
Paramus is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Paramus, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
There are also annual events at Van Saun County Park.
Paramus has its own National Night Out. It is held annually on the grounds of the Paramus Library. In this event, there are games and activities as well as a concert. Children can also look at Paramus' fire, rescue, police, and ambulance vehicles.
Paramus also holds its own Memorial Day parade every year. After the parade, there is a ceremony honoring those who have fought for our country.
Annually on the week of the 4th of July, Paramus holds its own Independence Day celebration. First, there is the performance of the Paramus Community Orchestra at the Paramus Bandshell which takes place on July 2. Next, on the 3rd, there is a softball game between the Paramus Fire Department and the Paramus Police Department. It has been held annually since 2011. Afterwards, exactly on the 4th, there is a parade. The parade route starts at the intersection of Century Road and Farview Avenue and ends at Memorial Elementary School. Finally, on the 5th, there is a fireworks show at the Cliff Gennarelli Paramus Sportsplex. In case of inclement weather on any event, the rain date is one day later from the original date.
Arcola Park was an outdoor amusement park built in 1926. It had a huge swimming pool, a convention hall, a dance pavilion, an auditorium, and rides. A fire in 1929 destroyed the entire park, with the exception of the pool. The pool was destroyed by a fire in 1970 and that closed down for good too. The park site was replaced by a Ramada Inn, in which the hotel extends out to a small portion of Rochelle Park.
There is an annual Terri Roemer Paramus Run featuring a 5K, 10K running race, one–mile "Fun Run", & 5 km Health Walk for runners and walkers of all ages.
Paramus has an outdoor municipal swimming pool complex on Van Binsberger Boulevard. It has three pools: a main pool, a pool for younger swimmers, and a baby pool.
In 2008, the Paramus Golf Course opened up a miniature golf course that is themed after the borough of Paramus as well as the state of New Jersey. Turkey statues are scattered around the course to celebrate Paramus as the "land of the wild turkeys."
- The Cliff Gennarelli Paramus Sportsplex – a park that has athletic fields, pavilion, picnic area, and a playground. It is located behind Westfield Garden State Plaza.
- Petruska Park – a park located on Farview Avenue. It has athletic fields, playground, and a basketball court/roller rink. The Paramus Recreation office is also located in the park as well.
- Parkway Plex – located on East Ridgewood Avenue behind Parkway School. It has athletic fields.
- Bensen Park – a neighborhood park that has a playground and a sports field.
- Buehler Park – a green belt park that has a trail that shows New Jersey aviation history.
- Constitution Grove Park – located at Farview and East Midland Avenue. There are monuments about the Paramus Rescue Squad, Paramus Rotary Club, and Christopher Columbus/Unico.
- Di Maggio Park – located between Oliver Road and Flint Place
- Faber Park – a park located on Hemlock Drive. It has playgrounds.
- Fairway Oaks Park – a park located off of Paramus Road. It has a fitness walk.
- Firemen's Park – located across from Paramus Farview Fire Company #4, where it has monuments dedicated to Paramus' Volunteer Fire Department.
- Howland Memorial Grove – a monument park reflecting on those who died on September 11, 2001.
- Madison Park – a park located on June & Jay Drive that has playgrounds.
- McEllen Park – a park that has playgrounds and a basketball court.
- Mele Park – a park located on Silverrod Court. It has playgrounds and athletic fields.
- Reid Park – located on Spencer Place. It has a walkway, athletic fields, and a playground
- Sirianni Park – located on Midwood Road. It has athletic fields, a playground, a basketball court, and open play area.
- Spring Valley Park – located on Spring Valley Avenue. The park is located on the Paramus–Maywood border.
Other parks in Paramus include:
Paramus is the home to two county parks. On the eastern side of the borough is Van Saun County Park, a 146 acres (59 ha) park that features Bergen County's only zoo, home to a wide variety of wild and domestic animals living in recreated habitats natural to each species. Van Saun Park also has a playground, train ride, carousel, athletic fields, and pony rides. On the western side of the borough is Saddle River County Park which features a 6-mile (9.7 km) bike path reaching from Ridgewood to Rochelle Park.
Parks and recreation
The borough has four golf courses. Two are open to the public, with the Paramus Golf Course operated by the borough and Orchard Hills County Golf Course operated by the county. The two private golf course located in Paramus are the Ridgewood Country Club and Arcola Country Club. Ridgewood Country Club was ranked as the #6 Center Ranked Among Top 500 Holes in the World Golf Magazine – 2000 and Ranked # 84 on the list of Most Prestigious Clubs in America Golf Connoisseur – 2006
Paramus Little League were the 2011 New Jersey State Little League Champions.
The Bergen Town Center formerly had a performing arts theater called "Playhouse on the Mall". It had a seating capacity of 635 seats and was opened in 1960. From 1960 to 1970, author Robert Ludlum was the manager of the theater. The theater closed in 1982 due to rising costs and low attendance and was converted into retail space in 1986.
Paramus' lone movie theater complex is a 16-screen AMC Theatres located in an area of new construction at Westfield Garden State Plaza. Prior to the opening of the AMC complex, a number of theatres were closed in the borough, including the Route 4 Tenplex and the Cineplex Odeon Route 17 Triplex, once located next to Westfield Garden State Plaza on Route 17. The Triplex theatre was opened in 1965 by Century Theatres and was closed on January 19, 2006, by Loews Cineplex Entertainment. The Tenplex on Route 4 was closed on May 24, 2007, the day before the new AMC Theatres opened at Westfield Garden State Plaza. The Paramus Picture Show, known as Cinema 35 until 1997, closed in December 2004 in the wake of declining attendance.
One of the earliest drive-in theaters opened in Paramus, featuring what was said to be the world's largest and brightest screen, located behind what is now Westfield Garden State Plaza. The Paramus Drive-In closed in 1987 after the last movie presentation, a double-feature of "Crocodile" Dundee and The Untouchables.
Arts and culture
Due to the stricter version of the blue laws in Paramus, malls (and almost all retail establishments) in the borough are closed on Sunday except for restaurants and other exempted establishments. Malls are also required to be closed on Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day, with early closing (half days) on Christmas Eve, New Year's Eve and New Year's Day. Stores may not open before 7:00 AM or remain open after 11:00 PM.
- 1957 – Garden State Plaza was built by Muscarelli Construction Company on 198 acres (0.80 km2) at the intersection of Routes 4 and 17.
- 1957 – The Bergen Mall was built on 101 acres (41 ha) on an area east of the Plaza on Route 4.
- 1963 – Paramus Place was built on the north side of Route 4 across from Bergen Mall.
- 1967 – The Fashion Center was built on a 33-acre (13 ha) site of old celery farms, aimed at quality-oriented shoppers by developer Associated Dry Goods, with a 135,000-square-foot (12,500 m2) Lord & Taylor and a 176,000-square-foot (16,400 m2) B. Altman as anchors and 25 other retailers sandwiched in between The owners originally referred to its location as being in Ridgewood/Paramus to appeal to the Ridgewood population.
- 1972 – The 35 Plaza Shopping Center is built on Route 4, just located 2 minutes away from Paramus Place.
- 1974 – Paramus Park was built by the Rouse Company, offering a gross leasable area of 755,000 square feet (70,100 m2). The most recent of the large centers was built on 66 acres (270,000 m2) in the middle of an area where the old farms were located.
- 1986 – The Shoppes on IV opened up and was built on 236 acres (96 ha) in the westbound area of Route 4.
- 1998 – The Paramus Towne Square opened up and was built on the north side of Route 17.
- 2003 – IKEA opens a 370,000-square-foot (34,000 m2) store, its second-largest location in North America, at the intersection of Routes 4 and 17 on the site of the old Alexander's department store. It was joined the next year by three other retailers, Bed Bath and Beyond, Christmas Tree Shops, and Sports Authority to form a shopping center with a combined gross leasable area of 719,226 square feet (66,818.3 m2).
Timeline of malls
An unsuccessful 2010 proposal by Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie would have ended the state's blue laws (now only enforced in Bergen County), with the governor citing industry estimates that the $1.1 billion in added retail revenue on Sundays would generate an additional $65 million in sales taxes for the state. In November 2012, Governor Chris Christie issued an executive order temporarily suspending the blue laws in both Bergen County and Paramus due to the effects of Hurricane Sandy, a decision that was upheld despite a court challenge by the Borough of Paramus. The blue law suspension was in effect on Sunday, November 11, but was back in effect the following Sunday.
The Paramus Borough Code forbids the performance of any "worldly employment" on Sunday, with exceptions for charity, and the sale of newspapers, medicinal drugs, meals, prepared food and cigarettes, among a limited number of exceptions. Even work performed inside one's own home is prohibited, unless one can "prove to the satisfaction of the Judge that he uniformly keeps the seventh day of the week commonly known as the 'Sabbath'". In spite of its six-day shopping week, Paramus consistently has the most retail sales of any ZIP Code in the United States.
Local blue laws in Paramus were first proposed in 1957, while the Bergen Mall and Garden State Plaza were under construction. The legislation was motivated by fears that the two new malls would aggravate the already-severe highway congestion caused by local retail businesses along the borough's highways.
Paramus, along with the rest of Bergen County, has strict blue laws preventing stores selling non-food items from opening on Sundays. Although it started as a religious observance, it is kept on the books due to a desire of the residents of Paramus to have one day a week when traffic is tolerable in the town. This law was called into question when a BJ's Wholesale Club opened at the 4/17 junction. BJ's was allowed to open on Sundays, but is only allowed to sell food and basic necessities. The store has been structured to restrict access to shoppers to items that cannot be purchased on Sunday. Paramus has its own blue laws that are significantly more restrictive than those in effect in other communities in Bergen County. It is one of the last places in the United States to have such an extensive blue law.
Many national chain stores boast Paramus as their most prominent locations. Nordstrom's Paramus location, which was its first New York area store when it opened in September 1990 with strong sales volume, is their best-performing chainwide. There are 25 retailers that occupy multiple stores in Paramus, including Macy's which had outlets in three malls for a period of time. Some retail analysts view Paramus as being two markets, centered on the two major highways. Lord & Taylor has locations at both Westfield Garden State Plaza and Fashion Center, giving Paramus the distinction of the only town with more than one Lord & Taylor location. Toys "R" Us has four locations: Fashion Center, Westfield Garden State Plaza (as Toys "R" Us Express), a location on the eastbound side of Route 4, and a Babies "R" Us on the northbound side of Route 17. In 1983, Paramus was one of the first locations that opened for Kids "R" Us. H&M has three locations in Paramus: Paramus Park, Westfield Garden State Plaza, and The Outlets at Bergen Town Center.
At the intersection of Routes 4 and 17 is Westfield Garden State Plaza, the largest and best-known mall in the borough. Westfield Garden State Plaza is the largest mall in the Westfield Group's global portfolio and the largest in New Jersey, with a gross leasable area of 2,128,402 square feet (200,000 m2). On Route 4, are The Outlets at Bergen Town Center (known as the Bergen Mall until 2006), Paramus Place and The Shoppes on IV. On Route 17, are Paramus Park, Paramus Towne Square and the Fashion Center.
Paramus is known for its multitude of stores and malls. It has five major indoor shopping centers, serving residents in the areas of Bergen County and Passaic County in New Jersey and Rockland County in New York. New Jersey does not levy a sales tax on clothes and shoes, which makes it an attractive shopping destination for people even further away in New York City, who pay sales tax on clothing items above $110 in price, in addition to the lower standard rate of 7% in New Jersey, compared to 8.875% in New York City. The spending levels generated by the malls have made Paramus one of the top retail ZIP codes in the country.
Paramus is also home to the America regional headquarters of Hanjin Shipping, located on the eastbound side of Route 4.
The median income for a household in the borough was $76,918, and the median income for a family was $84,406. Males had a median income of $56,635 versus $37,450 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,295. About 1.4% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.
In the borough the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 21.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.
There were 8,082 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.3% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.1% were non-families. 14.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.32.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 25,737 people, 8,082 households, and 6,780 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,457.7 people per square mile (949.1/km2). There were 8,209 housing units at an average density of 783.9 per square mile (302.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 79.19% White, 1.13% African American, 0.05% Native American, 17.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.87% of the population.
Same-sex couples headed 35 households in 2010, more than double the 17 counted in the 2000 census.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $104,986 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,111) and the median family income was $123,848 (+/- $7,952). Males had a median income of $77,325 (+/- $5,222) versus $52,702 (+/- $4,983) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $40,024. About 1.6% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.
In the borough, 21.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 19.2% from 25 to 44, 30.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.3 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males.
There were 8,630 households, of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.4% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.6% were non-families. 17.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.32.
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 26,342 people, 8,630 households, and 6,939 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,516.0 per square mile (971.4/km2). There were 8,915 housing units at an average density of 851.5 per square mile (328.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 72.29% (19,042) White, 1.42% (374) Black or African American, 0.11% (28) Native American, 22.28% (5,869) Asian, 0.05% (13) Pacific Islander, 1.39% (366) from other races, and 2.47% (650) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 7.26% (1,913) of the population.
During the 1950s and 1960s, Paramus, lacking any master plan until 1969, was redeveloped into two shopping corridors when its farmers and outside developers saw that shopping malls were more lucrative than produce farming. "It was a developer's dream: flat cleared land adjacent to major arterials and accessible to a growing suburban population and the country's largest city – with no planning restrictions". New York had a state sales tax, but New Jersey had none, so with the opening of Manhattan department stores in the Bergen Mall (1957), the Garden State Plaza (1957) and Alexander's (1961), Paramus became the "first stop outside New York City for shopping". From 1948–58, the population of Paramus increased from 6,000 to 23,000, the number of retail establishments tripled from 111 to 319, and annual retail sales increased from $5.5 million to $112 million. By the 1980s, when the population had increased slightly over 1960s levels, retail sales had climbed to $1 billion.
Paramus became one of the "truck farming" areas that helped New Jersey earn its nickname as the "Garden State". By 1940, Paramus' population was just 4,000, with no town center and 94 retail establishments. Although the opening of the New Jersey Route 17 and New Jersey Route 4 (which intersect in southern Paramus), made the area accessible to millions, "it was not until the 1950's that massive development hit this section of northern New Jersey".
Farview Avenue, located at the highest peak in Paramus, has a clear view of the New York City skyline.
A section of Paramus known as Dunkerhook (meaning dark corner in Dutch) was a free African-American community dating to the early 18th century. Although historical markers on the current site and local oral tradition maintain that this was a slave community, contemporary records document that it was a community of free blacks, not slaves. A group of houses built on Dunkerhook Road by the Zabriskies in the late 18th / early 19th centuries were the center of a community of black farmers, who had been slaves held by the Zabriskie family.
.Westchester County, New York Over the advice of his staff, Washington moved his headquarters to , Washington established his headquarters in Paramus in July 1778.Battle of Monmouth Following the