Pardal Mallet

Pardal Mallet
A picture of Mallet
Born João Carlos de Medeiros Pardal Mallet
(1864-12-09)9 December 1864
Bagé, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Died 24 November 1894(1894-11-24) (aged 29)
Caxambu, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Occupation Writer, journalist, short story writer
Nationality Brazil Brazilian
Alma mater University of São Paulo
Literary movement Naturalism, Parnassianism
Notable work(s) Meu Álbum, Hóspede
Relative(s) Emílio Mallet, João Nepomuceno de Medeiros Mallet

João Carlos de Medeiros Pardal Mallet (December 9, 1864 — November 24, 1894) was a Brazilian journalist and novelist. He is the patron of the 30th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.


Mallet was born in the city of Bagé, in Rio Grande do Sul, in 1864. His father was the famous General João Nepomuceno de Medeiros Mallet, and his grandfather was the French-born Marshal Emílio Mallet. He was also of Portuguese and Irish descent.

Since as a child, he had a strong vocation for literature, and he also learned to speak English and French.

After completing his primary studies, he moved to Rio de Janeiro, in order to study Medicine at the Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, but he would not finish the course, because his teacher, the Viscount of Saboia, threatened to expel him because of his Republican ideals. He then abandoned the Medicine school to dedicate himself to literature and journalism.

He then moved to São Paulo, to study Law at the Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de São Paulo, but finished his course in Recife, Pernambuco. There, when he was receiving his diploma, he refused to take oath, because of his Republican ideals. The situation was circumvented thanks to Joaquim Nabuco. During his stay in Pernambuco, he published his first books: Hóspede and Meu Álbum, both from 1887.

Returning to Rio de Janeiro, he befriended many famous writers, such as Olavo Bilac, Raul Pompeia, Coelho Neto, Luís Murat, José do Patrocínio, Artur and Aluísio Azevedo, Émile Rouède and Francisco de Paula Ney.

In 1888, he became the editor in chief of José do Patrocínio's journal A Cidade do Rio. However, Mallet would leave the journal in the following year, due to political divergences. Also in 1889, he had an argue with Olavo Bilac, that ended in a duel. Mallet had one of his ribs damaged, but he and Bilac would reconcile.

When Brazil became a republic, Mallet joined the Revolta da Armada, in opposition to then-President of Brazil Floriano Peixoto. He was then arrested and exiled in the city of Tabatinga, in Amazonas. After amnesty was given, he returned to Rio.

He got tuberculosis and moved to the city of Caxambu, in Minas Gerais, in order to mitigate the disease, unsuccessfully. He would die in November 24, 1894.


  • Meu Álbum (short stories — 1887)
  • Hóspede (novel — 1887)
  • Lar (novel — 1888)
  • A Pandilha (short stories — 1883)
  • O Esqueleto (novel written in partnership with Olavo Bilac1890)
  • Pelo Divórcio! (pamphlet — 1894)

External links

  • Mallet's biography at the official site of the Brazilian Academy of Letters (Portuguese)
Preceded by
New creation
Patron of the 30th chair Succeeded by
Pedro Rabelo (founder)