Prehensility

Prehensility

Prehensility is the quality of an adapted for grasping or holding. The word is derived from the Latin term prehendere, meaning "to grasp."

Examples

Appendages that can become prehensile include:

Giraffe's prehensile tongue

Prehensility affords non-human animals and humans a great natural advantage in manipulating their environment for feeding, digging and defense. It enables many animals, such as primates, to use tools in order to complete tasks that would otherwise be impossible without highly specialized anatomy. For example, feeding and self-cleaning behaviors.

Notes

  1. ^ Silvio Renesto, Justin A. Spielmann, Spencer G. Lucas, and Giorgio Tarditi Spagnoli. (2010). The taxonomy and paleobiology of the Late Triassic (Carnian-Norian: Adamanian-Apachean) drepanosaurs (Diapsida: Archosauromorpha: Drepanosauromorpha). New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin. 46:1–81
  2. ^ Jörg Fröbisch and Robert R. Reisz. (2009). The Late Permian herbivore Suminia and the early evolution of arboreality in terrestrial vertebrate ecosystems. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Online First doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.0911
  3. ^ Danielle Andrew, IFLS. (2015). http://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-tapir-scratches-itch
  4. ^ Felicity Morse, The Independent. (2013). http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/comment/the-video-of-a-dolphin-is-shocking-but-is-it-just-because-it-reminds-us-of-ourselves-8940162.html