Religion in Tunisia

Religion in Tunisia

Contents

  • Faiths 1
    • Islam 1.1
    • Christianity 1.2
    • Judaism 1.3
    • Baha'i faith 1.4
    • Hinduism 1.5
  • Freedom of religion 2
  • References 3

Faiths

Islam

We estimate that the majority of Tunisians consider themselves as Muslim,[1] mostly Sunnis belonging to the Malikite madhhab, although there were never a study on the exact proportions. Also a small number of Ibadhi Muslims still exist among the Berber-speakers of Jerba Island.

A mosque in Kalâat el-Andalous

The government controls and subsidizes mosques and pays the salaries of prayer leaders. The President appoints the Grand Mufti of the Republic. The 1988 Law on Mosques provides that only personnel appointed by the Government may lead activities in mosques and stipulates that mosques must remain closed except during prayer times and other authorized religious ceremonies, such as marriages or funerals. Some people may be interrogated just for associating or being seen in the street with practicing Muslims. New mosques may be built in accordance with national urban planning regulations; however, upon completion, they become the property of the Government. The Government also partially subsidizes the Jewish community.

There is a small indigenous Sufi Muslim community; however, there are no statistics regarding its size. Reliable sources report that many Sufis left the country shortly after independence when their religious buildings and land reverted to the government (as did those of Orthodox Islamic foundations). Although the Sufi community is small, its tradition of mysticism permeates the practice of Islam throughout the country. There is a small indigenous "Maraboutic" Muslim community that belongs to spiritual brotherhoods known as "turuq."[1] The Muslim holidays of Eid al-Adha, Eid al-Fitr, and Mawlid are considered national holidays in Tunisia.

Christianity

Cathedral of St. Vincent de Paul, Tunis

The

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w International Religious Freedom Report 2007: Tunisia. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (September 14, 2007). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
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References

[1] The government allows a small number of foreign religious charitable

The Constitution of Tunisia provides for freedom of religion and the freedom to practice the rites of one's religion unless they disturb the public order; however, the government imposes some restrictions on this right.[1] The Constitution declares the country's determination to adhere to the teachings of Islam and stipulates that Islam is the official state religion and that the president must be Muslim.[1] The government does not permit the establishment of political parties on the basis of religion and prohibits efforts to proselytize Muslims.[1] It restricts the wearing of Islamic headscarves (hijab) in government offices, and discourages women from wearing the hijab on public streets and at certain public gatherings.[1] Although changing religions is legal, there is great societal pressure against conversion of Muslims to other religions.[1]

Freedom of religion

Hindus in Tunisia are coming from India , so we can say that there is no tunisian Hindus

Hinduism

[9][4][8] and several other sources point to over 1000 Bahá'ís in the country.Association of Religion Data Archives However [7] US State Department 2001 estimates mention the Bahá'í community at about 150 persons.[6] The

Baha'i faith

Judaism is the country's third largest religion with 1,500 members.[1] One-third of the Jewish population lives in and around the capital, and is descended predominantly from Arab and Spanish immigrants.[1] The remainder lives on the island of Djerba, where the Jewish community dates back 2,500 years.[1]

El Ghriba synagogue in Djerba is an important site for Jewish pilgrimage.

Judaism

[2] Scattered among the various churches, though mostly evangelical, are also a number of believers in Christ from a Muslim background. A 2015 study estimates some 500 such individuals in Tunisia.[1] Occasionally, Catholic and Protestant religious groups held services in private residences or other locations.[1] [1]).Djerba, and Sousse maintained 3 churches (in Tunis, Greek Orthodox Church The 30-member [1].Seventh-day Adventists There are 50 [1] has a church in Tunis with several hundred predominantly foreign members.Anglican Church The [1] maintains a church in Tunis, with a congregation of 140 primarily foreign members.Reformed Church of France The [1].Bizerte and another in Tunis has approximately 100 practising members and operates a church in Russian Orthodox Church The [1] practicing Christians, including a few hundred citizens who have converted to Christianity.Protestant According to church leaders, there are 2,000 [1]