Rio–São Paulo high-speed rail
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the português World Heritage Encyclopedia. (December 2009)|
The Rio–São Paulo High-Speed Rail (Portuguese: Trem de Alta Velocidade Rio-São Paulo; Abbreviation: TAV RJ-SP) is a planned high-speed rail project to connect São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. While originally planned to be operational by 2014 in time for the 20th FIFA World Cup to be held in Brazil at a cost of $9 billion, as of December 2011 formal bidding for the project had yet to start.
The original project, named Expresso Bandeirantes, was to build a high-speed rail line between São Paulo and Campinas. The project was canceled in 2007 because the Brazilian government concluded that it was more viable to connect Campinas, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro with a single line 518 kilometres (322 mi) long.
On December 7, 2009, the federal government announced the scoring criteria for bids, with 70% for the cost of building the project and 30% for ticket pricing.
On July 2, 2010, it was announced that the line is now not expected to open before late 2016. It is hoped that the joint-venture, comprising the government and winning consortium, will be created during 2011.
On early April, 2011, the government relented to requests from interested consortia to postpone the bid. The argument of the foreign technology suppliers was that they hadn't found interested construction contractors yet. It was then rescheduled for July 29.
On July 29, 2011, no consortium submitted a proposal in the ceremony of bidding envelopes delivery. Only the foreign technology suppliers attended the event arguing that no Brazilian contractor showed interest in investing in the project of construction of the railroad, a condition of bidding documents. The government then declared not to have given up on the project, with intentions to launch a new call for bids. This time the intention was to divide the bid into two parts: one for choosing the supplier of technology and one for choosing the railway constructors.
On December 17, 2011, the government announced the completion of the new invitation for bids. The filing date of the new document has been set for January 10, 2012. It would be open then new period for public consultations resulting in the publication of the final document in March 2012. There is still no date set for the new bidding session.
|Lines||Terminals||Stations||Main Destinations||Duration of Travel (min)||Headway (min)||Entry into Service|
|Barão de Mauá ↔ Campo de Marte ↔ Ramos de Azevedo||3||Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Campinas||Rio-SP: 1h 25min
SP-Campinas: 25 min
- International airport connections
- Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport - Rio de Janeiro, RJ
- São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport - São Paulo, SP
- Viracopos-Campinas International Airport - Campinas, SP
- Possible stops
São Paulo–Campinas route
The proposed bullet train project was presented to the city by Helio de Oliveira Santos (PDT), mayor of Campinas, in Brasília, to be built by the Japanese consortium within five years (ready for the World Cup in 2014). Campinas is ahead in the construction because it is the first city to pave the way for the train by completing its new Multimodal Passenger Terminal in June 2008. However, the tendering procedures would not begin until February 2009, when over 28 major world manufacturers participated in a contest for related projects. The Japanese consortium presented its proposal based on the Shinkansen, which carried 340 million passengers the previous year on 2100 km of track. It is made up of the Japanese companies Mitsui, Mitsubishi, Kawasaki and Toshiba. The consortium has already submitted a preliminary proposal in Brasília and São Paulo and Rio for interested entrepreneurs.
The preliminary proposal is for five different types of rail service in which the trains would travel at speeds of up to 320 km/h. There would be three express services and two slower ones, each hourly, carrying up to 3,000 passengers. However, the competition for the building includes manufacturers from Spain, South Korea, Italy, France, Germany, Japan and China.
Rio–São Paulo route
The first stretch of high-speed train line in Brazil will be between its main cities of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. The distance of 412 km between the two city terminals: Campo de Marte in São Paulo and the Barão de Mauá station in Rio de Janeiro will be covered in one hour and twenty-five minutes at a maximum speed of 360 km/h.
It is tentatively planned that the trains will have a capacity of 855 passengers at a headway of 15 minutes. The fare will be around R$150 to R$250 per passenger in the off-peak hours. There are several projects presented to the Brazilian government. One is the Italian design company's Italplan Engineering Environment & Transport Srl, whose proposal envisaged the high-speed train starting operations in 2015. If this target date is met it will serve as a quick and vital link to São Paulo in time for the 2016 Summer Olympics.
- Length: 511 kilometres (318 mi)
- Estimated cost: 34 billion Reais (18.5 billion USD)
- Operational line speed: 280 km/h
- Designed line speed: 350 km/h
- Time between Rio-São Paulo: 80 minutes (express) and 101 minutes (with stops in São José dos Campos, Resende and Galeão)
- Time between São Paulo-Campinas: 24 minutes (express) and 28 minutes (with a stop in Viracopos)
- Estimated passengers: 33 million in first year, 100 million in 2050
- Estimated one-way ticket price: 200 reas, US$60
- Gauge: ?
- Voltage: ?
Other connecting lines
On May 13, 2008, it was reported that a high-speed line between Belo Horizonte and Curitiba would be included in the National Transport Plan. It would link Belo Horizonte, Divinópolis, Varginha and Pocos de Caldas (all in the state of Minas Gerais); Campinas, São Paulo, Sorocaba, Itapetininga and Apiaí (all in the state of São Paulo); and Curitiba (in the state of Paraná). The line would be around 1,150 kilometres long, about twice the length of the line between Rio de Janeiro and Campinas. The resultant network, centred on São Paulo, would serve an area containing more than half of Brazil's economic output and population. The line is scheduled to be built after the completion of the line between Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Campinas.
- TAV - Trem de Alta Velocidade (Portuguese)