Riverside County, California

Riverside County, California

Riverside County, California
County
County of Riverside
Images, from top down, left to right: Riverside Skyline, Riverside County Courthouse, Downtown Palm Springs, Lake Perris, the North face of the San Jacinto Mountains in the Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument, Old Town Temecula, the Blythe Intaglios
Flag of Riverside County, California
Flag
Official seal of Riverside County, California
Seal
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
California's location in the United States
Country  United States of America
State  California
Region Inland Empire
Incorporated 1893
Named for City of Riverside
County seat Riverside
Largest city Riverside (population and area)
Government
 • Board of Supervisors
Area
 • Total 7,303 sq mi (18,910 km2)
 • Land 7,206 sq mi (18,660 km2)
 • Water 97 sq mi (250 km2)
Population (2010 Census) 2,189,641
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Website .us.CountyOfRiversidewww

Riverside County is one of 58 counties in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,189,641,[1] making it the fourth-most populous county in California and the 11th-most populous in the United States. The name was taken from the city of Riverside, which is the county seat.[2]

Riverside County is included in the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, also known as the Inland Empire. The county is also included in the Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA Combined Statistical Area. There is a high concentration of sprawling house tract communities around Riverside and along the Interstate 10, 15, and 215 freeways.

Roughly rectangle-shaped, Riverside County covers 7,208 square miles (18,670 km2) in Southern California, spanning from the Greater Los Angeles area to the Arizona border. Geographically, the county is mostly desert in the central and eastern portions of the county and is a Mediterranean climate in the western portion of the county. Most of Joshua Tree National Park is located in the county.

The resort cities of Palm Springs, Palm Desert, Indian Wells, La Quinta, Rancho Mirage, and Desert Hot Springs are all located in the Coachella Valley region of Riverside County. Large numbers of Los Angeles area workers have moved to the county in recent years to take advantage of relatively affordable housing. Alongside neighboring San Bernardino County, it was one of the fastest growing regions in the state prior to the recent changes in the regional economy. In addition, smaller, but significant, numbers of people have been moving into Southwest Riverside County from the San Diego-Tijuana metropolitan area. The cities of Temecula and Murrieta accounted for 20% of the increase in population of Riverside County between 2000 and 2007.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Early history 1.1
    • County history 1.2
  • Geography 2
    • Flora and fauna 2.1
    • Adjacent counties 2.2
    • National protected areas 2.3
    • State parks 2.4
    • County parks and trails 2.5
  • Transportation 3
    • Major highways 3.1
    • Public transportation 3.2
    • Airports 3.3
      • Military air bases 3.3.1
      • Commercial airports 3.3.2
      • General aviation airports 3.3.3
  • Government, law, and politics 4
    • Government 4.1
    • Law 4.2
  • Politics 5
    • Voter registration statistics 5.1
      • Cities by population and voter registration 5.1.1
    • Overview 5.2
  • Crime 6
    • Cities by population and crime rates 6.1
  • Demographics 7
    • 2011 7.1
      • Places by population, race, and income 7.1.1
    • 2010 7.2
    • 2000 7.3
  • Education 8
    • Universities and colleges 8.1
  • Military installations 9
  • Points of interest 10
  • Communities 11
    • Cities 11.1
    • Unincorporated communities 11.2
    • Ghost towns 11.3
    • Indian reservations 11.4
  • See also 12
  • Notes 13
  • References 14
    • Bibliography 14.1
  • Further reading 15
  • External links 16

History

Early history

The indigenous peoples of what is now Riverside County are the Luiseño, Cupeño and Cahuilla Indians.[3] The Luiseño lived in the Aguanga and Temecula Basins, Elsinore Trough and eastern Santa Ana Mountains and southward into San Diego County. The Cahullia lived to the east and north of the Luiseño in the inland valleys, Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains and the desert of the Salton Sink.

The first European settlement in the county was a Mission San Luis Rey de Francia estancia or farm, at the Luiseño village of Temecula. Grain and grapes were grown here. In 1819, the Mission granted land to Leandro Serrano, mayordomo of San Antonio de Pala Asistencia for the Mission of San Luis Rey for Rancho Temescal.

Following Mexican independence and the 1833 confiscation of Mission lands, more ranchos were granted. La Laguna, Pauba, Temecula in 1844, Ranchos Little Temecula, Potreros de San Juan Capistrano in 1845, Ranchos San Jacinto Sobrante, La Sierra (Sepulveda), La Sierra (Yorba), Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Nuevo y Potrero in 1846.

New Mexican colonists founded the town of La Placita on the east side of the Santa Ana River at the northern extremity of what is now the city of Riverside in 1843.

When the initial 27 California counties were established in 1850 the area today known as Riverside County was divided between Los Angeles County and San Diego County. In 1853 the eastern part of Los Angeles County was used to create San Bernardino County. Between 1891 and 1893 several proposals, and legislative attempts, were put forth to form new counties in Southern California. These proposals included one for a Pomona County and one for a San Jacinto County. None of the proposals were adopted until a measure to create Riverside County was signed by Governor Henry H. Markham on March 11, 1893.[4]

County history

The new county was created from parts of San Bernardino County and San Diego County. On May 2, 1893, seventy percent of voters approved the formation of Riverside County. Voters chose the city of Riverside as the county seat, also by a large margin. Riverside County was officially formed on May 9, 1893, when the Board of Commissioners filed the final canvass of the votes.[4]

Riverside County is the birthplace of lane markings, thanks to Dr. June McCarroll in 1915 when she suggested her idea to the state government.

The county is also the location of the March Air Reserve Base, one of the oldest airfields continuously operated by the United States military. Established as the Alessandro Flying Training Field in February 1918, it was one of thirty-two U.S. Army Air Service training camps established after the United States entry into World War I in April 1917. The airfield was renamed March Field the following month for 2d Lieutenant Peyton C. March, Jr., the recently deceased son of then-Army Chief of Staff, General Peyton C. March, who was killed in an air crash in Texas just fifteen days after being commissioned. March Field remained an active Army Air Service, then U.S. Army Air Corps installation throughout the interwar period, later becoming a major installation of the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II. Renamed March Air Force Base in 1947 following the establishment of the U.S. Air Force, it was a major Strategic Air Command (SAC) installation throughout the Cold War. In 1996, it was transferred to the Air Force Reserve Command and gained its current name as a major base for the Air Force Reserve and the California Air National Guard.

Riverside county was a major focal point of the Civil Rights Movements in the USA, especially the African-American sections of Riverside and heavily Mexican-American communities of the Coachella Valley visited by Cesar Chavez of the farm labor union struggle.

Riverside county has also been a focus of modern Native American Gaming enterprises. In the early 1980s, the county government attempted to shut down small bingo halls operated by the Morongo Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians and the Cabazon Band of Mission Indians. The tribes joined forces and fought the county all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled in the tribes' favor on February 25, 1987.[5] In turn, Congress enacted the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act in 1988 to establish a legal framework for the relationship between Indian gaming and state governments. Naturally, both tribes now operate large casinos in the county: the Morongo Casino, Resort & Spa and the Fantasy Springs Resort Casino adjacent to Spotlight 29 Casino.

The county's population surpassed one million people in 1980 when the current trend of high population growth as a major real estate destination began in the 1970s. Once strictly a place for long distance commuters to L.A. and later Orange County, the county and city of Riverside has became more of a place to establish new or relocated offices, corporations and finance centers in the late 1990s and 2000s. More light industry, manufacturing and truck distribution centers became major regional employers in the county.

Geography

According to the Mojave Desert or Colorado Desert portion. There are probably at least three geomorphic provinces: the Inland Empire western portion, the Santa Rosa Mountains communities such as Reinhardt Canyon, and the desert region. Other possible subdivisions include tribal lands, the Colorado River communities, and the Salton Sea.

Flora and fauna

Yucca pines near Ryan Mountain Trail in Joshua Tree National Park

There is a diversity of flora and fauna within Riverside County. Vegetative plant associations feature many desert flora, but there are also forested areas within the county. The California endemic Blue oak, Quercus douglasii is at the southernmost part of it its range in Riverside County.[7]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

There are 19 official wilderness areas in Riverside County that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Some are integral parts the above protected areas, most (11 of the 19) are managed solely by the Bureau of Land Management, and some share management between the BLM and the relevant other agencies. Some extend into neighboring counties:

State parks

County parks and trails

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Riverside County is also served by Greyhound buses. Amtrak trains stop in Riverside and Palm Springs, and Amtrak California provides bus connections to the San Joaquins in Riverside, Beaumont, Palm Springs, Thousand Palms, Indio, Moreno Valley, Perris, Sun City and Hemet. Metrolink trains serve five stations in Riverside County: Riverside-Downtown, Riverside-La Sierra, North Main-Corona, West Corona, and Pedley Station (in unincorporated Pedley, California). These trains provide service to Orange, San Bernardino and Los Angeles counties seven days a week, with a primarily commuter-oriented schedule.

In the late 2000s, local transportation options expanded, such as the addition of new railroad stations in Perris, California to connect travelers and commuters to or from southwest Riverside county, as well the Perris station serves the MetroLink mass transit train service in Corona, California.[8]

Airports

Military air bases

Commercial airports

General aviation airports

Government, law, and politics

Government

Riverside County is organized as a General Law County under the provision of the California Government Code. The county has five supervisorial districts, and one supervisor is elected from each district every four years.[9]

A General Plan was prepared for the county by the firm of Earth Metrics in the year 1994;[10] in 2003 the County Supervisors authorized updating the plan with respect to certain unincorporated areas.

Law

The Riverside Superior Court is the state trial court for Riverside County with 14 courthouses: Riverside Historic Courthouse, Riverside Hall of Justice, Riverside Family Law Court, Riverside Juvenile Court, Southwest Justice Center – Murrieta, Moreno Valley Court, Banning Court, Hemet Court, Corona Court, Temecula Court, Larson Justice Center – Indio, Indio Juvenile Court, Palm Springs Court and Blythe Court.[11]

The main courthouse is the Riverside Historic Courthouse. This landmark, erected in 1903, was modeled after the Grand and Petit Palais in Paris, France. The courthouse, designed by Los Angeles architects Burnham and Bliesner, has a classical design – including a great hall that connects all the departments (courtrooms).[12] In 1994, the courthouse was closed for seismic retrofits due to the 1992 Landers and 1994 Northridge earthquakes. The courthouse was reopened and rededicated in September 1998.[13]

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Riverside has historically been regarded as a Republican county in presidential and congressional elections. In 1932, it was one of only two counties (the other being Benton County, Oregon) on the entire Pacific coast of the United States to vote for Hoover over Roosevelt.[16] In 2008, Barack Obama narrowly carried the county, becoming the first Democrat to do so since Bill Clinton in 1992. In 2012, Obama again carried the county, this time with a plurality of the vote.

In the United States House of Representatives, Riverside County is split between 4 congressional districts:[17]

In the California State Senate, the county is split between 3 legislative districts:[18]

In the California State Assembly, the county is split between 7 legislative districts:[19]

Riverside County voted 64.8% in favor of Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Riverside County had a population of 2,189,641. The racial makeup of Riverside County was 1,335,147 (61.0%) White (40.7% Non-Hispanic White), 140,543 (6.4%) African American, 23,710 (1.1%) Native American, 130,468 (6.0%) Asian (2.3% Filipino, 0.8% Chinese, 0.7% Vietnamese, 0.6% Korean, 0.5% Indian, 0.2% Japanese, 0.1% Cambodian, 0.1% Laotian, 0.1% Pakistani), 6,874 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 448,235 (20.5%) from other races, and 104,664 (4.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 995,257 persons (45.5%); 39.5% of Riverside County is Mexican, 0.8% Salvadoran, 0.7% Honduran, 0.6% Puerto Rican, 0.3% Cuban, and 0.2% Nicaraguan.[33]

2000

As of the census[34] of 2000, there were 1,545,387 people, 506,218 households, and 372,576 families residing in the county. The population density was 214 people per square mile (83/km²). There were 584,674 housing units at an average density of 81 per square mile (31/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.6% White, 6.2% Black or African American, 1.2% Native American, 3.7% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 18.7% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. 36.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 9.2% were of German, 6.9% English, 6.1% Irish and 5.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 67.2% spoke English and 27.7% Spanish as their first language.

In 2006 the county had a population of 2,026,803, up 31.2% since 2000. In 2005 45.8% of the population was non-Hispanic whites. The percentages of African Americans, Asians and Native Americans remained relatively similar to their 2000 figures. The percentage of Pacific Islanders had majorly risen to 0.4. Hispanics now constituted 41% of the population.

There were 506,218 households out of which 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.0 and the average family size was 3.5.

In the county the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,887, and the median income for a family was $48,409. Males had a median income of $38,639 versus $28,032 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,689. About 10.7% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Universities and colleges

The 161-foot, 48-bell, carillon tower at the University of California, Riverside.

Military installations

Points of interest

Communities

Cities

Riverside County
cities
Year
incorporated
Population,
2007[53]
Median household income,
2006[53]
Banning 1913 28,272 $41,268
Beaumont 1912 28,250 $39,553
Blythe 1916 22,178 $45,302
Calimesa 1990 7,415 $47,406
Canyon Lake 1990 10,939 $70,106
Cathedral City 1981 51,081 $50,654
Coachella 1946 35,207 $33,402
Corona 1896 144,661 $72,162
Desert Hot Springs 1963 22,011 $33,263
Eastvale 2010 55,000
Hemet 1910 69,544 $31,749
Indian Wells 1967 4,865 $120,074
Indio 1930 71,654 $45,143
Jurupa Valley 2011 88,000
Lake Elsinore 1888 40,985 $54,595
La Quinta 1982 38,340 $71,127
Menifee 2008 60,000
Moreno Valley 1984 174,565 $52,426
Murrieta 1991 103,466 $75,102
Norco 1964 27,262 $62,652
Palm Desert 1973 49,539 $61,789
Palm Springs 1938 46,437 $46,399
Perris 1911 47,139 $35,338
Rancho Mirage 1973 16,672 $78,434
Riverside 1883 287,820 $52,023
San Jacinto 1888 31,066 $39,235
Temecula 1989 93,923 $71,754
Wildomar 2008 14,064 $49,081

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Indian reservations

Riverside County has 12 federally-recognized Indian reservations, which ties it with Sandoval County, New Mexico for second most of any county in the United States. (Sandoval County, however, has two additional joint-use areas, shared between reservations. San Diego County, California has the most, with 18 reservations.)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
  2. ^ Population for this city obtained by summing the populations of Glen Avon, Mira Loma, Pedley, Rubidoux and Sunnyslope; see Jurupa Valley
  3. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  4. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  5. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Native American Indian Resources web site; Federally Recognized California Tribes.
  4. ^ a b Fitch, pages v–viii.
  5. ^ California v. Cabazon Band, 480 U.S. 202 (1987).
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  7. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2008 , GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. StrombergBlue Oak: Quercus douglasii
  8. ^ Pages - Project Details. Compassblueprint.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
  9. ^ Fitch, page 1.
  10. ^ General Plan for Riverside County, Earth Metrics Inc., Burlingame, Ca. (1994)
  11. ^ Locations
  12. ^ Rededication of the Historic Riverside County Courthouse
  13. ^ California Courts – Main Courthouse
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  16. ^ 1932 Presidential Election County Map Photo by rarohla | Photobucket. Media.photobucket.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
  17. ^ "Counties by County and by District". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 24, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Communities of Interest - Counties". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 24, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Communities of Interest - Counties". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 24, 2014. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  21. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  22. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  23. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  24. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  25. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  26. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  27. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  28. ^ Data unavailable
  29. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  33. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data".  
  34. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  35. ^ About Brandman University
  36. ^ California Baptist Univ. About
  37. ^ California Southern Law School
  38. ^ CSUSB Palm Desert Campus
  39. ^ CSUSM Temecula Satellite Campus
  40. ^ About College of the Desert
  41. ^ La Sierra University
  42. ^ Mayfield College
  43. ^ Mt. San Jacinto College
  44. ^ Palo Verde College
  45. ^ Riverside Community College District
  46. ^ Santa Barbara Business College
  47. ^ University of California, Riverside
  48. ^ University of Phoenix locations
  49. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Shaver's Summit Army Air Field (historical)
  50. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Naval Air Facility Thermal (historical)
  51. ^ "Rural Studio is Scientology Headquarters." San Jose Mercury News. August 13, 1991. 6B California News. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.(subscription required)
  52. ^ Kelly, David. "Scientology foes blast new Riverside County law." Los Angeles Times. January 10, 2009. 1. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.
  53. ^ a b Husing, John (October 2007). "Inland Empire City Profile 2007" (PDF). Inland Empire Quarterly Economic Report ( 

Bibliography

  • Fitch, Robert J. (1993). Profile of a Century: Riverside County, California, 1893–1993. Riverside County Historical Commission Press. pp. 300. OCLC 28661359
  • Holmes, Elmer Wallace (1912 (republished 2010 by BiblioLife)). History of Riverside County, California: With Biographical Sketches of the Leading Men and Women of the County Who Have Been Identified with Its Growth. Los Angeles, CA: Historic Record Company. pp. 783 (840 in 2010 republishing).  
  • Lech, Steve (2004). Along the Old Roads: A History of the Portion of Southern California that became Riverside County: 1772–1893. Steve Lech. p. 902.  
    • Lech, Steve (2012). Pioneers of Riverside County: The Spanish, Mexican and Early American Periods. Charleston, SC: The History Press. p. 173.   (a reprint of the first three chapters of Along the Old Roads.)

Further reading

  • Brown, James B. (1985). Harvest of the Sun: An Illustrated History of Riverside County. Northridge, CA: Windsor Publications. p. 244.  
  • .History of San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, Volume 1
  • .History of San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, Volume 2
  • .History of San Bernardino and Riverside Counties Volume 3
  • Justitia Rei Publicae Fundamentum: Justice is the Foundation of the Republic. Riverside, CA: Riverside Museum Press. 1998. p. 34.  

External links

  • Official website
  • Official Riverside County, Department of Information Technology website
  • Official Riverside County Sheriff website
  • Official Riverside County Fire Dept. website
  • Official Riverside County District Attorney's Office website
  • Official Riverside County Regional Parks District website
  • Riverside County, California at DMOZ