Run batted in
Run batted in (plural restricted baseball in, abbreviated RBI) is a statistic in baseball and softball that credits a batter for making a play that allows a run to be scored (except in certain situations like when an error is made on the play).
The plural of RBI is generally "RBIs", although some commentators use "RBI" as both singular and plural, as it stands for Runs Batted In.
- Major League Baseball Rules 1
- Criticism 2
RBI leaders in Major League Baseball 3
- Career 3.1
- Season 3.2
- Game 3.3
- Inning 3.4
- Postseason (single season) 3.5
- Game-winning RBI 4
- See also 5
- References 6
Major League Baseball Rules
The official rulebook of Major League Baseball states in Rule 10.04:
(a) The official scorer shall credit the batter with a run batted in for every run that scores:
(b) The official scorer shall not credit a run batted in
- (1) unaided by an error and as part of a play begun by the batter's safe hit (including the batter's home run), sacrifice bunt, sacrifice fly, infield out or fielder's choice, unless Rule 10.04(b) applies;
- (2) by reason of the batter becoming a runner with the bases full (because of a base on balls, an award of first base for being touched by a pitched ball or for interference or obstruction); or
- (3) when, before two are out, an error is made on a play on which a runner from third base ordinarily would score.
The perceived significance of the RBI is displayed by the fact that it is one of the three categories that comprise the triple crown. In addition, career RBIs are often cited in debates over who should be elected to the Hall of Fame. However, critics, particularly within the field of sabermetrics, argue that RBIs measure the quality of the lineup more than it does the player himself since an RBI can only be credited to a player if one or more batters preceding him in the batting order reached base (the exception to this being a solo home run, in which the batter is credited with driving himself in). This implies that better offensive teams—and therefore, the teams in which the most players get on base—tend to produce hitters with higher RBI totals than equivalent hitters on lesser-hitting teams.
RBI leaders in Major League Baseball
Totals are current through October 8, 2015. Active players in bold.
- Hank Aaron – 2,297
- Babe Ruth – 2,213
- Alex Rodríguez – 2,055
- Barry Bonds – 1,996
- Lou Gehrig – 1,993
- Stan Musial – 1,951
- Ty Cobb – 1,937
- Jimmie Foxx – 1,922
- Eddie Murray – 1,917
- Willie Mays – 1,903
- Cap Anson – 1,879
- Hack Wilson (1930) – 191
- Lou Gehrig (1931) – 185
- Hank Greenberg (1937) – 183
- Jimmie Foxx (1938) – 175
- Lou Gehrig (1927, 1930) – 173
- 12 RBIs
- 11 RBIs
- By 12 MLB players, most recently Garret Anderson on August 21, 2007
- Fernando Tatís (April 23, 1999) – 8
- Ed Cartwright (September 23, 1890) – 7
- Alex Rodriguez (October 4, 2009) – 7
Postseason (single season)
- David Freese (2011) – 21
- Scott Spiezio (2002) – 19
- Sandy Alomar (1997) – 19
- David Ortiz (2004) – 19
- Barbara Ann Kipfer (2007). Word Nerd: More Than 18,000 Fascinating Facts about Words. Sourcebooks, Inc. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- Steven Pinker (2011). Words and Rules: The Ingredients of Language. HarperCollins. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- Bryan Garner (2009). Garner's Modern American Usage. Oxford University Press. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Sox try to stay clear of big hitters PCL team doesn't want to compete with Broncos, AFA". The Gazette. August 8, 1989. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- Grabiner, David. "The Sabermetric Manifesto". Retrieved September 2, 2009.
- "Revisiting the Myth of the RBI Guy, Part One". Driveline Mechanics. May 18, 2009. Retrieved September 2, 2009.
- "David Freese breaks the all-time single-season post-season RBI record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. October 28, 2011. Retrieved October 30, 2011.