Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site

Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site

Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
The site, July 1985
Map showing the location of Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
Map showing the location of Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
Location Kiowa County, Colorado, USA
Nearest city Eads, CO
Coordinates
Area 12,583 acres (5,092 ha)[1]
Established April 27, 2007 (2007-April-27)
Visitors 1,229,590 (in 2011)[2]
Governing body National Park Service
http://www.nps.gov/sand/index.htm

Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site is a National Historic Site in Kiowa County, Colorado, near Eads and Chivington in Kiowa County commemorating the Sand Creek Massacre. The site is about 170 miles (270 km) southeast of Denver and about 125 miles (200 km) east of Pueblo. A few basic park facilities have been opened at this site.

In 1999, archaeological groups from the National Park Service, Dept. of the Interior BLM, Colorado Historical Society and accompanied by Native American observers, made a major archaeological discovery of remains of the massacre site. Large numbers of period bullets, camp equipment, and other items convinced the NPS that they had found the correct site. Subsequent transfers of ownership from the Dawson family, former owners of the property have left the title of the site to the Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes with management to be undertaken by NPS. The National Park Service offers scheduled Ranger-led programs without charge during hours of operation, from 9 am - 4 pm, April 1 - December 1, or by advance appointment in the winter season.

Sand Creek massacre site

The Historical Site was authorized by Public Law 106-465 on November 7, 2000, in order to "recognize the national significance of the massacre in American history, and its ongoing significance to the official park unit[3] with an effective date of April 27, 2007.[4] The dedication ceremony was held on April 28, 2007.[5]

Currently the Site encompasses 12,583 acres (5,092 ha) of which 2,385 acres (965 ha) are federally owned.[1] By 2004 the federal government acquired 920 acres (3.7 km2) from private land owners. On September 9, 2006 the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma conveyed to the United States title to 1,465 acres (6 km2) to be held in trust for the National Historic Site.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011". Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  2. ^ "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  3. ^  
  4. ^ a b  
  5. ^  

External links

  • Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site – National Park Service
  • Sand Creek Tours – tours of the massacre site on the Bowen cattle ranch
  • The Conservation Fund – Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site