Shōnan Monorail

Shōnan Monorail

Shonan Monorail
Background
Locale Kanagawa Prefecture
Transit type suspended monorail
Number of lines 1
Number of stations 8
Operation
Began operation March 7, 1970
Operator(s) Shonan Monorail Co., Ltd.
Technical
System length 6.6 km


The Shonan Monorail (湘南モノレール Shōnan Monorēru?) is a suspended SAFEGE monorail in the cities of Kamakura and Fujisawa in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.[1] It is operated by the Shonan Monorail Co., Ltd. (湘南モノレール株式会社 Shōnan Monorēru Kabushiki-gaisha?), it opened March 7, 1970, the first monorail of its kind in Japan.[2]

Enoshima Line (江ノ島線 -sen?) travels 6.6 km (4.1 mi) every seven to eight minutes between Ōfuna Station and Enoshima, making six stops.[2] The average length of a single trip is 14 minutes.[3]

As the monorail is within commuting distance of Tokyo, it is an important means of transportation for local residents.[4]

History

The monorail was built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, based on a carriage and box-beam track design developed in the late 1950s by SAFEGE in France.[1] The line opened March 7, 1970 between Ōfuna and Nishi-Kamakura. The rest of the line opened on July 2, 1971.[2]

Stations

Station Distance
(km)
Transfer Location
Ōfuna Station 0.0 JR East: Tōkaidō Main Line, Yokosuka Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line, Negishi Line Kamakura Kanagawa prefecture
Fujimichō Station* 0.9  
Shōnan-Machiya Station 2.0  
Shōnan-Fukasawa Station* 2.6  
Nishi-Kamakura Station* 4.7  
Kataseyama Station 5.5  
Mejiroyamashita Station* 6.2   Fujisawa
Shōnan-Enoshima Station 6.6 Enoshima Electric Railway: Enoshima Electric Railway Line (Enoshima Station)
Odakyu Electric Railway: Enoshima Line (Katase-Enoshima)

* Track switching possible at these stations

Rolling stock

Current

  • 500 series (since 1991)
  • 5000 series (since 2004)

Former

  • 300 series (from 1970 until 1992)
  • 400 series (from 1980 until 2004)

See also

References

External links

  • Company website (in Japanese)

35°21′08″N 139°31′53″E / 35.352339°N 139.531417°E / 35.352339; 139.531417(Ōfuna)35°18′43″N 139°29′16″E / 35.311887°N 139.487806°E / 35.311887; 139.487806(Shōnan-Enoshima)