Shigella sonnei is a species of Shigella. Together with Shigella flexneri, it is responsible for 90% of shigellosis. Shigella sonnei is named for the Danish bacteriologist Carl Olaf Sonne.
- Pathophysiology 1
- Evolution 2
- Treatment 3
- Growth in lab 4
- References 5
- External links 6
Polymerizes host cell actin.
This species is clonal and has spread worldwide. Analysis of 132 strains has shown that they originated from a common ancestor in Europe ~1500 AD.
Antibiotic resistance has been reported.
Growth in lab
Can be grown on MAC agar and TSA. Will grow at 37°C optimally, but also grows at 25°C. Facultatively anaerobic as well as chemoorganotrophic. Produces acid when carbohydrates are catabolized.
- Shigella sonnei at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
- "Shigellosis: Causes". eMedicine. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
- Carl Olaf Sonne at Who Named It?
- Shigella sonnei at Who Named It?
- Holt, Kathryn E; Baker, Stephen; Weill, François-Xavier; Holmes, Edward C; Kitchen, Andrew; Yu, Jun; Sangal, Vartul; Brown, Derek J; Coia, John E; Kim, Dong Wook; Choi, Seon Young; Kim, Su Hee; da Silveira, Wanderley D; Pickard, Derek J; Farrar, Jeremy J; Parkhill, Julian; Dougan, Gordon; Thomson, Nicholas R (August 2012). "Shigella sonnei genome sequencing and phylogenetic analysis indicate recent global dissemination from Europe". Nature Genetics 44 (9): 1056–9.
- Jain SK, Gupta A, Glanz B, Dick J, Siberry GK (June 2005). "Antimicrobial-resistant Shigella sonnei: limited antimicrobial treatment options for children and challenges of interpreting in vitro azithromycin susceptibility". Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 24 (6): 494–497.
- Shigella sonnei at MicrobeWiki