Soyuz T-11

Soyuz T-11

Soyuz T-11
Mission duration 181 days, 21 hours, 48 minutes,
Orbits completed ~2,935
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-T
Manufacturer NPO Energia
Launch mass 6,850 kilograms (15,100 lb)
Crew size 3
Launching Yury Malyshev
Gennady Strekalov
Rakesh Sharma
Landing Leonid Kizim
Vladimir Solovyov
Oleg Atkov
Callsign Jupiter
Start of mission
Launch date 3 April 1984, 13:08:00 (1984-04-03T13:08Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Baikonur 31/6
End of mission
Landing date Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter. UTC
Landing site 46 kilometres (29 mi) E of Arkalyk
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 195 kilometres (121 mi)
Apogee 224 kilometres (139 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 88.7 minutes
Docking with Salyut 7

Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz T-10 Soyuz T-12

Soyuz T-11 was the 6th expedition to Salyut 7, and carried the first Indian cosmonaut to the Salyut 7 station.

Salyut 7 was unmanned after the undocking of Soyuz T-11 in October 1984 until Soyuz T-13 docked with the station in June 1985. Salyut 7 developed problems during the unmanned time, which meant that the crew of Soyuz T-13 had to perform a manual docking and do repairs to the station.


  • Crew 1
    • Backup crew 1.1
  • Mission parameters 2
  • Mission highlights 3
  • References 4


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Yury Malyshev
Second spaceflight
 Soviet Union
Leonid Kizim
Second spaceflight
 Soviet Union
Flight Engineer Gennady Strekalov
Third spaceflight
 Soviet Union
Vladimir Solovyov
First spaceflight
 Soviet Union
Research Cosmonaut Rakesh Sharma
First spaceflight
Oleg Atkov
First spaceflight
 Soviet Union

Backup crew

Position Crew
Commander Anatoli Berezovoy
 Soviet Union
Flight Engineer Georgi Grechko
 Soviet Union
Research Cosmonaut Ravish Malhotra

Mission parameters

  • Mass: 6850 kg
  • Perigee: 195 km
  • Apogee: 224 km
  • Inclination: 51.6°
  • Period: 88.7 minutes

Mission highlights

Rakesh Sharma conducted an Earth observation program concentrating on India. He also did life sciences and materials processing experiments, including silicium fusing tests. He is also reported to have experimented with practicing yoga to deal with the effects of prolonged orbital spaceflight.[1]


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