The Tragedy of Man (film)
|The Tragedy of Man|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Marcell Jankovics|
|Screenplay by||Marcell Jankovics|
|Based on||The Tragedy of Man by Imre Madách|
|Music by||László Sáry|
|Budget||600 million Ft|
The Tragedy of Man (Hungarian: Az ember tragédiája) is a 2011 Hungarian animated drama film directed by Marcell Jankovics, starring Tibor Szilágyi, Mátyás Usztics, Ágnes Bertalan, Tamás Széles and Piroska Molnár. The narrative is set in several different eras, spanning from the Biblical creation to a distant future, and follows Adam, Eve and Lucifer as they explore humanity and the meaning of life. Each segment has a different visual style. The film is based on the 1861 play The Tragedy of Man by Imre Madách.
The film went into production in 1988 but encountered difficulties as the production model for Hungarian cinema changed. The segments were financed individually and sometimes exhibited independently at film festivals and on Hungarian television. After 23 years in production, the finished film premiered in 2011.
- Plot 1
- Cast 2
- Production 3
- Release 4
- Reception 5
- See also 6
- References 7
- External links 8
God creates the universe. Lucifer mocks God for the shortcomings of humanity, which he predicts will soon aspire to become God. As the primaeval spirit of negation, he claims to be as old as God and demands his share of the world, which he is granted in the Tree of Knowledge and the Tree of Immortality.
Lucifer makes Adam and Eve eat the forbidden fruit. Expelled from the Garden of Eden and abandoned by God, Adam reasons that he is no longer obliged to show God any gratitude. He decides to live from his own strength alone. Lucifer offers Adam to experience his own future.
In ancient Egypt, Adam is a pharaoh who falls in love with Eve in the form of a slave woman. Adam wants to abolish slavery, but Lucifer argues that it would be futile. Adam is taken to ancient Greece, where democracy has resulted in corruption and foul political play. Adam appears as Miltiades and is sentenced to death after the masses have been agitated against him. Disillusioned, Adam is taken to ancient Rome where he and Lucifer enjoy themselves with gladiator games and prostitutes. As decadence makes the civilisation fall apart, Adam and Eve encounter Jesus and turn to God, who gives them a message of love and fraternity. Adam becomes a crusader but is disgusted by the East–West Schism and pettiness within the church. He falls in love with Eve who is locked inside a monastery.
Adam is then French Revolution. Eve appears as an aristocrat who is guillotined and as a prostitute who revels in the revolutionary terror. Danton is eventually put before the National Convention and executed for conspiring with the aristocracy. Once again in the body of Kepler, Adam wakes up from a dream. He recognises that ideas are more powerful and long-lasting than individual men. Adam and Lucifer visit 19th-century Great Britain, which Adam initially finds impressive but Lucifer argues is decayed on a spiritual level, as everything has become a commodity. Adam tries to court Eve and is eventually able to seduce her, right after World War I, with the help of jewels and a Gypsy fortune teller. When social unrest erupts in the 20th century, Adam wishes for a society ruled after scientific principles for the common good.
Lucifer brings Adam to a future egalitarianist world state. Although initially positive, Adam immediately regrets the disappearance of nations, as he thinks people should have a past and an identity to hold on to. Animals and plants which are not useful are extinct and the useful ones have been genetically modified. Adam questions the materialist worldview and is arrested for criminal thinking. Eve appears as a mother who is punished for refusing to let society educate her child. Adam and Lucifer travel further to a dehumanised future in space. Adam is at first unsettled, but when the spirit of Earth urges him to return, he proclaims that his spirit can live beyond the body. On the verge of annihilation, Adam changes his mind and promises to keep striving on Earth. He accepts mortality and man's struggle.
In a distant ice age, the last remains of humanity are dying. The few people Adam encounters are deformed savages. Lucifer argues that they do not differ in nature from humans of any other era.
Adam wakes up in his cave outside the Garden of Eden. He joins Lucifer on a cliff, where he argues for the existence of free will, while Lucifer reminds him of the futility of human ambition. Adam argues that he can still defy God by committing suicide. As he is about to leap from the cliff, Eve finds him and tells him that she is pregnant. God urges Adam to keep having faith. Adam decides to follow God's word and accepts struggle as an end in itself.
- Tibor Szilágyi as the Lord
- Mátyás Usztics as Lucifer
- Ágnes Bertalan as Eve
- Tamás Széles as Adam
- Piroska Molnár as the spirit of Earth
Marcell Jankovics wrote the screenplay for the film in 1983. It is based on Imre Madách's 1861 play The Tragedy of Man. The film went into production in 1988 at Pannonia Film Studio. Jankovics expected a typical animated feature to take three years to produce, but since The Tragedy of Man would have twice the running time of a typical film he expected it to take six years to make. After the fall of communism in Hungary in 1989, Jankovics could no longer rely on the state-funded system he had produced his previous films within and had to seek alternative ways to finance the project.
The film was produced one segment at a time, after which production ceased until funding had been secured for the next segment. Just like in the original play, there is a total of 15 segments. Each of these were animated in a different visual style. Over the years, several segments were exhibited individually at film festivals and shown on the public television network Duna TV, although the majority of the material was never shown publicly until the entire film was finished.
In 2008 some funding was secured when Jankovics' 1974 short film Sisyphus was used in an American car commercial which was shown at the Super Bowl. In 2011 the film received 19.5 million forint from the culture department of the Ministry of National Resources. The total cost of the film corresponded to 600 million forint (approximately two and half million U.S. Dollars) in the exchange rate at the time of the release. After 23 years in production, the last post-production work was finished in 2011.
The film premiered on 27 November 2011 at the Anilogue International Animation Film Festival. It was released in regular Hungarian cinemas by Mozinet on 8 December 2011. The film was shown with an intermission, which made a screening last for three hours from start to finish. The film had 20,000 admissions in Hungary, of which 9,500 came from Budapest where it was screened in a single cinema. It was shown at a number of international film festivals. In June 2013 it was shown at the Facets Cinémathèque in Chicago.
Bill Stamets of the Chicago Sun-Times wrote:
The animation styles vary throughout this chronology of human folly, but this wary sermon stays on message[.] ... Lucifer the interlocutor delights in the endless conflict between human reason and a hands-off God.
To add strains of grandeur, [Jankovics] draws on works by Respighi and Wagner. He thrills when visualizing the French Revolution as a tri-color mob in motion. Later, twisting DNA strands are depicted nearly as mystically. All told, The Tragedy of Man is illustrated theology.
- The Annunciation, a 1984 film based on the same play
- Ito, Robert (2012-11-09). "Living Through Animated Millenniums".
- Varga, Ferenc (2011-10-12). "Végre bemutatják Jankovics Marcell 23 éve készülő filmjét". Origo (in Hungarian). Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- Gőzsy, Kati (2011-11-30). "Az én pályámnak vége".
- "Az ember tragédiája".
- "FNE Europa Distribution: Distributor of the Month. Hungary – Gábor Böszörményi, Mozinet Ltd.". Film New Europe. 2012-09-27. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- "The Tragedy of Man". facets.org.
- Stamets, Bill (2013-06-06). "The Tragedy of Man and The Closed Circuit"Short reviews of .
- Official website at the Internet Archive
- Publicity page at the Hungarian distributor's website (Hungarian)