Thioketones general formulae

Thioketones (also known as thiones or thiocarbonyls) are ketones. Instead of the formula R2C=O, thioketones have the formula R2C=S, which is reflected by the prefix "thio-" in the name of the functional group. Unhindered alkylthioketones typically tend to form polymers or rings.[1]


  • Preparative methods 1
  • Thiobenzophenone and selenobenzophenone, the prototypes 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Preparative methods

Thiones are usually prepared from ketones using reagents that exchange S and O atoms. A common reagent is phosphorus pentasulfide[2] and its derivative Lawesson's reagent. Other methods uses a mixture of hydrogen chloride combined with hydrogen sulfide. Bis(trimethylsilyl)sulfide has also been employed.[3]

Thiobenzophenone and selenobenzophenone, the prototypes

Skeletal formula of thiobenzophenone

benzophenone and sulfur. Since its discovery, a variety of related thiones have been prepared.[4] Selenketones, the selenium versions of the thioketones, are more reactive than thiones.[4] Selenobenzophenone reversibly dimerizes. It is known to undergo cycloaddition with 1,3-dienes in a reaction similar to the Diels-Alder reaction.[5]

See also


  1. ^ Kroto, H.; Landsberg, B. M.; Suffolk, R. J.; Vodden, A. (1974). "The photoelectron and microwave spectra of the unstable species thioacetaldehyde, CH3CHS, and thioacetone, (CH3)2CS". Chemical Physics Letters 29 (2): 265–269.  
  2. ^ Vivek Polshettiwar, M.P. Kaushik "A new, efficient and simple method for the thionation of ketones to thioketones using P4S10/Al2O3" Tetrahedron Letters 2004, Volume 45, 6255-6257. doi:10.1016/j.tetlet.2004.06.091
  3. ^ Mcgregor, W. M.; Sherrington, D. C. (1993). "Some recent synthetic routes to thioketones and thioaldehydes". Chemical Society Reviews 22 (3): 199.  
  4. ^ a b Okazaki, R.; Tokitoh, N. (2000). "Heavy ketones, the heavier element congeners of a ketone". Accounts of chemical research 33 (9): 625–630.  
  5. ^ Erker, G.; Hock, R.; Krüger, C.; Werner, S.; Klärner, F. G.; Artschwager-Perl, U. (1990). "Synthesis and Cycloadditions of Monomeric Selenobenzophenone". Angewandte Chemie International Edition in English 29 (9): 1067.  

External links

  • Definition of Thioketones in the IUPAC Gold Book
  • Definition of Selones in the IUPAC Gold Book