United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association

United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association

The United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association is an association of member [1]

History

The first intercollegiate game in the United States was played on November 22, 1877 between [1] The first intercollegiate lacrosse tournament was held in 1881, with Harvard beating Princeton, 3-0, in the championship game.[3] New York University and Columbia University also participated.[1]

In 1882 three colleges formed a league called the Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association (ILA), which several others also joined.[1] In most years from this point through 1931, collegiate lacrosse associations selected annual champions based on season records.[1] In 1899, the Inter-University Lacrosse League (IULL) began play using slightly different rules.[2] The two leagues merged in December, 1905, to form the 8-team United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse League[1] with Columbia, Cornell, Harvard, Johns Hopkins, Lehigh, Penn, Stevens Tech and Swarthmore.[4] The USILL was a closed-membership league, which excluded several lacrosse powers, such as the [1]

In 1906, the USILL established Northern and Southern Divisions, and its by-laws encouraged the annual division winners to play a post-season championship game.[6] Only two such games were played, in 1912 and 1921.[1] As Navy was not a member of the USILL, its teams were not eligible for the championship, even though Navy had the best collegiate record in many of those years.[1][5] Navy was undefeated from 1917 through 1923, a stretch of 40 games with one tie.[1][5]

The USILL was replaced by the United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association in March, 1926, as an open-membership governing body.[1] In addition to the 12 former USILL teams, Rutgers, Navy, Union College, NYU, Colgate and St. Stephen's (now Bard College) became new USILA members.[7] The USILA bestowed gold medals upon the teams that it selected as national champions through the 1931 season.[1] No official champions were named from 1932 through 1935.[1] In 1936, an award was established in the memory of a Baltimore sportswriter to recognize annually the most outstanding teams. From 1936 through 1972, the USILA executive board awarded the Wingate Memorial Trophy to the national champions.[1]

From 1953–1959, lacrosse divisions were officially named after legendary lacrosse-men. These were the Cy Miller, Laurie D. Cox, and Roy Taylor Divisions. They were more commonly referred to Division I, or A; Division II, or B; and Division III, or C.[8] All college teams were placed in one of the three divisions, dependent upon their records, schedules, and success for the preceding five years, and a point system was created. Any team of the three divisions was eligible to win the national championship, but this was virtually impossible for non-Division I teams. A Division II team, playing several Division I teams, might have been able to achieve it.[8] A team's record was required to include six games against teams in its own division. Teams were realigned every three years, again reflecting their records. All schools were eligible for the national rankings. The team that achieved the highest point total each year, however, was not guaranteed a solo national championship. The system served as guidance to the USILA executive board, who chose co-champions on frequent occasions.[1] This point system prevailed with modifications until the NCAA in the early 1970s established the playoff system for determining champions.[8] After 1959, Divisions II and III were realigned by geographical region instead of by team records.[7]

At its 1969 annual meeting in Baltimore, the USILA voted for its first playoff tournament to determine a national champion. In 1971, the NCAA began sponsoring men's lacrosse and began holding an annual championship tournament for Division I schools. The USILA conducted a small college tournament for non-Division I schools in 1972 and 1973 (won by Hobart and Cortland State).[1] In 1974, the NCAA took over the sponsorship of this tournament through the 1979 season, with separate tournaments being conducted in both 1980 and 1981 for Divisions II and III teams. The Division II tournament then was discontinued until returning in 1993.

Awards

The USILA has inducted members into the United States Lacrosse Museum and National Hall of Fame annually since 1957. In addition, the USILA presents annually a number of awards to top collegiate athletes in NCAA Division I, Division II, and Division III.

Division I awards

Award Presented for
Lt. Raymond Enners Award National Player of the Year
F. Morris Touchstone Award Coach of the Year
Jack Turnbull Award Attackman of the Year
Lt. Donald McLaughlin Jr Award Midfielder of the Year
William C. Schmeisser Award Defenseman of the Year
Ensign C. Markland Kelly, Jr. Award Goaltender of the Year

Special Awards

See footnote[9]
  • Howdy Meyers Man of the Year Award
  • Frenchy Julien Service Award
  • Doyle Smith Sports Information/Media Award
  • Coach of the Year (Division III)
  • Coach of the Year (Division II)
  • Coach of the Year (Division I) – see F. Morris Touchstone Award

Champions

ILA Champions 1881–1898

U.S. National Lacrosse Association tournament
Year Champion
1881[1] Harvard
Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association
Year Champion Year Champion
1882 Harvard 1890 Lehigh [10]
1883 Harvard, Princeton, Yale 1891 Johns Hopkins
1884 Princeton 1892 Stevens Tech
1885 Harvard 1893 Lehigh
1886 Harvard 1894 Stevens Tech
1887 Harvard 1895 Lehigh[11]
1888 Princeton 1896 Lehigh
1889 Princeton 1897 Lehigh
1898 Johns Hopkins

USIULL and ILA Champions 1899–1905

U.S. Inter-University Lacrosse League and Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association

Bold indicates victory or tie in head-to-head game, or that such game was not played.

Year USIULL winner (overall record)[7] ILA winner (overall record)[7] Notes, including head-to-head results between league winners Schools claiming national championship#
1899 Cornell (4-3-2) Johns Hopkins (4-1) Cornell and Hopkins did not play each other in 1899. Johns Hopkins
1900 tie: Columbia (2-4-2) [12] and
Harvard (1-2-1)
Johns Hopkins (6-1) Johns Hopkins def. Columbia during season, 5-0. Columbia def. Harvard during season, 6-3. USIULL declared co-champions, each with record of 1-1-1 in league standings.[13] Johns Hopkins
1901 Harvard (4-2) None[14] Johns Hopkins withdrew from the ILA in protest of violent play in its 1900 game with Stevens. Stevens def. Lehigh in the only ILA game of 1901. Swarthmore* [15] (def. Hopkins, 4-2, after Hopkins def. Harvard, 4-0)
1902 Cornell (4-2) Johns Hopkins (6-1) Cornell and Hopkins did not play each other in 1902. Johns Hopkins
1903 Cornell (2-4-1)[16][17][18][19][20] Johns Hopkins (4-2) "The Inter-university Lacrosse Association held its usual series of games for the intercollegiate championship during 1903, but the season ended in a fizzle. Five games were actually played, and Columbia forfeited 1 game to Harvard, Columbia and Cornell each winning 2 and losing 1, while Harvard and the University of Pennsylvania each won 1 and lost 2. This left Cornell and Columbia tied for the championship, but each protested players on the other's team, and both protests were upheld, ... with the two leading teams disqualified, [ ] the season was unsatisfactory to all concerned."[21] In February 1904, "[i]t was unanimously voted to award to Cornell the championship of the Inter-University League for last year."[22] Cornell and Hopkins did not play each other in 1903. Cornell, Johns Hopkins
1904 Harvard (3-4-1) Swarthmore (10-1)[23] Swarthmore def. Harvard during season, 6-3 Swarthmore
1905 3-way tie: Cornell (3-6-1), Harvard (4-5) & Columbia (6-3)[24] Swarthmore (7-1)[25] Swarthmore def. Harvard, 6-2, and Cornell, 9-0. Cornell def. Harvard, 6-4. Harvard def. Columbia, 8-1. Columbia def. Cornell, 4-2. Swarthmore

* Swarthmore joined the ILA in 1902. The university's website claims a championship for the year 1900.[26] Although not a member of a league in either 1900 or 1901, Swarthmore had a leading team in 1901, which is a credible championship claim.[7]

  1. Championship or co-championship claims, as published in school media guide, record book or yearbook[27][28][29][30][31][32][33]

USILL Champions 1906–1925

The USILL (United States Inter-Collegiate Lacrosse League, also USICLL) was a closed membership organization. Some strong teams of the era, such as Army and Navy, were never members, so that in some years, the USILL champion was not necessarily the best team in the United States.

The members of the USILL in 1906 were Columbia University, Cornell University, Harvard University, Johns Hopkins University, Lehigh University, University of Pennsylvania, Stevens Institute of Technology and Swarthmore College. In 1907, Hobart College became a member, and Pennsylvania withdrew. As had been the rule for over two decades, 12 players per side constituted a team, and the USILL was split into Northern and Southern divisions, corresponding to the former IULL and ILA, respectively.

Bold indicates victory or tie in head-to-head game, or that such game was not played.

Year Northern Div. winner[1] *
(overall record)
Southern Div. winner[1] *
(overall record)
Result of head-to-head games between USILL division winners Schools claiming national championship#
1906 Cornell (3-4-2) Johns Hopkins (6-0) Johns Hopkins def. Cornell during season, 9-0 Johns Hopkins
1907 Cornell (7-0) Johns Hopkins (5-1) none Cornell, Johns Hopkins
1908 Harvard (4-4) Johns Hopkins (8-1) Johns Hopkins def. Harvard during season, 6-3 Harvard, Johns Hopkins
1909 Harvard (4-3) &
Columbia (4-4)
Johns Hopkins (6-1) Johns Hopkins def. Harvard during season, 11-1. Harvard def. Columbia during season, 5-2. Harvard, Johns Hopkins
1910 Harvard (5-4) Swarthmore (7-2) Swarthmore def. Harvard during season, 11-7 Harvard, Swarthmore
1911 Harvard (5-2) Johns Hopkins (7-1) Johns Hopkins def. Harvard during season, 3-2 Harvard, Johns Hopkins
1912 Harvard (6-2) Swarthmore (6-3-1) Harvard def. Swarthmore in post-season playoff game, 7-3 Harvard
1913 Harvard (7-2) Johns Hopkins (6-1-1) Johns Hopkins def. Harvard during season, 6-3 Harvard, Johns Hopkins
1914 Cornell (6-2-2) Lehigh (6-1-1)[34] Lehigh and Cornell tied during season, 1-1 Cornell, Lehigh[5]
1915 Harvard (5-3) Johns Hopkins (7-0-1) Johns Hopkins def. Harvard during season, 8-1 Harvard, Johns Hopkins
1916 Cornell (5-3) Lehigh (6-1)[35] Lehigh def. Cornell during season, 5-4 Cornell, Lehigh
1917 none Lehigh (4-0)[36] Stevens Tech (1-3-1) was the only active Northern Division team. Johns Hopkins was the only inactive Southern Division team. Lehigh did not face Stevens. Lehigh, Stevens Tech[37][38]
1918 none Johns Hopkins (3-3-1) none (Stevens Tech (3-1-1) def. Yale in the only Northern Division game.) Johns Hopkins,[5] Stevens Tech[37][38]
1919 Hobart (3-2)[7][39] Johns Hopkins (7-1) none Johns Hopkins[5]
1920 Syracuse (5-3-4) Lehigh (6-2)[40] Lehigh def. Syracuse during season, 4-1 Syracuse, Lehigh[5]
1921 Syracuse (11-3-1) Lehigh (8-1)[41] Lehigh def. Syracuse in post-season playoff game, 3-1 Lehigh[5]
1922 Syracuse (17-0) 3-way tie (division records of 3-1 before scheduled playoff games): Penn (5-8), Johns Hopkins (7-4) & Lehigh (5-5) [records include defaults] During the season Syracuse def. both Penn, 5-1, and Johns Hopkins, 3-1. Also, Penn def. Hopkins, 5-3; Hopkins def. Lehigh, 3-1; and Lehigh def. Penn, 3-1. A Southern Division tie-breaker playoff was arranged with Hopkins to play at Lehigh, and the winner to meet Penn. However, Hopkins defaulted to Lehigh, and Lehigh then refused to play Penn, except in a series. Thus Penn was declared winner of the Southern Division by default.[41] Syracuse, Johns Hopkins[5]
1923 Syracuse (10-3-2) &
Cornell (6-2)
Johns Hopkins (6-2) Army^ (8-1-1) def. Syracuse during season, 3-2. Cornell def. Syracuse during season, 3-1. Johns Hopkins, Army^
1924 Syracuse (13-0-1) Johns Hopkins (7-2) none Syracuse, Johns Hopkins
1925 Syracuse (14-1) Maryland (4-1-1) none Syracuse[5]

* Division champions were selected based on results of intra-division games, difficulty of schedule and number of wins.[42]

  1. Championship or co-championship claims, as published in school media guide, record book or yearbook

In 1917–1919, World War I and the influenza epidemic curtailed lacrosse activity, as many schools eliminated or reduced schedules. Cornell, Harvard and Hobart did not field teams in 1917-1918. Yale and Johns Hopkins sat out 1917 only. Cornell did not return until 1920.

^ Not a USILL member

USILL Championship Tally

In four of the 20 years of the USILL's existence (1907, 1923, 1924, 1925), it was difficult to determine the national champion because the division winners did not play each other.[42] In 1907 and 1924, both division winners claimed championships. In the other two years, Cornell (1923) and Maryland (1925) did not. In the war years of 1917 and 1918, Stevens Tech fielded the only Northern Division team to be active both years. Only one Northern intra-division game was played during that span, thus no Northern Division champion could be declared. However, by virtue of default and one win, the current Stevens Tech record book lists two championships.[37][38]

Team Championships[1] Winning Years (1906–1925)
Johns Hopkins 11 1906, 1907†, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1913, 1915, 1918, 1919, 1923, 1924†
Lehigh 5 1914†, 1916, 1917, 1920, 1921‡
Syracuse 3 1922, 1924†, 1925
Cornell 2 1907†, 1914†
Swarthmore 1 1910
Harvard 1 1912‡

† Co-champion

‡ Won a post-season playoff game for the championship

USILA Champions 1926–1935

In 1926, the USILL disbanded and formed the USILA as an open-membership governing body. In addition to the former league's 12 schools, six others were soon admitted as members. From 1926–1931, the USILA executive board awarded gold medals after each season to the team(s) it selected as the most outstanding in the nation.
Year Champion
1926 Johns Hopkins
1927 Johns Hopkins
1928 Johns Hopkins, Maryland, Navy, Rutgers
1929 Navy, Union College[1][43]
1930 St. John's (MD)
1931 St. John's (MD)
1932† Johns Hopkins†
1933† Johns Hopkins†
1934† Johns Hopkins†
1935† Princeton†

† The USILA did not name champions for the 1932–1935 seasons.[1] The teams listed claim the national championship based on being the leading team in the nation for these years.[1]

USILA Champions 1936–1972

From 1953–1959, all college teams were placed in one of three divisions, dependent upon their records, schedules, and success for the preceding five years, and a point system was created. Teams were required to play at least six games against teams in their own divisions. Teams were realigned every three years.[7]
Year Division I Champion Division II Champion Division III Champion
Cyrus Miller Trophy Laurie Cox Trophy Roy Taylor Trophy
1953 Princeton Swarthmore Stevens Tech
1954 Navy Syracuse, Washington College Union
1955 Maryland Hofstra, Rutgers New Hampshire
1956 Maryland University of Baltimore Colgate
1957 Johns Hopkins Univ. of Baltimore Colgate
1958 Army Univ. of Baltimore M.I.T., Dickinson
1959 Johns Hopkins, Maryland, Army Univ. of Baltimore M.I.T., Lehigh

Intercollegiate Championship Claims, 1881–1935

In all years it existed (1882–1905), the ILA consisted of 3 to 5 teams, with league championships dominated by a few schools. Likewise, the USIULL had only 3 or 4 teams during 1899–1905, with only Cornell's 1903 league title claimed in the present as a championship. Several schools have claimed their Northern and Southern Division titles won during the USILL years as national championships (based on the results of 3 or 4 intra-division games), while others have not. Still others were acclaimed in their time as unofficial title winners based on being leading teams in the collegiate ranks in particular years. Non-league members were ineligible for official title consideration before 1926. The USILA awarded gold medals to leading teams from 1926–1931, but made no selections from 1932–1935.
Team Championships Years Claimed#
Johns Hopkins 24 1891, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1902, 1903, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1913, 1915, 1918, 1919, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1932§, 1933§, 1934§
Harvard 13 1881†, 1882, 1883, 1885, 1886, 1887, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912‡, 1913, 1915
Lehigh 10 1890, 1893, 1895,[11] 1896,[44] 1897,[45] 1914, 1916, 1917, 1920, 1921‡
Princeton 5 1883, 1884, 1888, 1889, 1935§
Stevens Tech 4 1892, 1894, 1917, 1918[37]
Swarthmore 4 1900,[26] 1904, 1905, 1910[46]
Cornell 4 1903, 1907, 1914, 1916
Syracuse 4 1920, 1922, 1924, 1925
Navy 2[5] 1928, 1929
St. John's (MD) 2 1930, 1931
Yale 1 1883
Army 1 1923
Maryland 1 1928
Rutgers 1 1928
Union College 1 1929
  1. Championship or co-championship claims, as published in school media guide, record book or yearbook

§ The USILA did not name champions for the 1932–1935 seasons.[1] School claims national championship based on being that year's leading team.[1]

† Won a tournament conducted for the first collegiate national championship by the U.S. National Lacrosse Association.

‡ Won a post-season championship game between the winners of the USILL Northern and Southern Divisions.[1]

Swarthmore's website claims a championship for the year 1900. However, Swarthmore had a leading team in 1901, which is a credible championship claim.[7]

Notes regarding Intercollegiate Champions

Year Champion Note
1891 Johns Hopkins First of Johns Hopkins' 44 national titles; team went 5-1 defeating Lehigh, Stevens, Pennsylvania (twice) and club team Schuylkill Navy,[33][47] with a lone loss to Schuylkill also.
1910 Swarthmore Won championship with defeats of Harvard, Carlisle, Stevens, Navy, Lehigh, Johns Hopkins (a 16-3 win) and Johns Hopkins Alumni, and losses to Toronto University and club team Mt. Washington.
1914 Navy Navy began a string of years in which its teams recorded some of the best collegiate records, although not as a member of the USILL.[1] The team went 6-0-1, defeating Harvard, Baltimore City, Johns Hopkins, Swarthmore, as well as the eventual national co-champions, Lehigh and Cornell, with a tie against Carlisle.[5]
1928, 1932 Johns Hopkins Johns Hopkins won Olympic trial tournaments among the nation's leading teams and represented the United States in the Olympic Games of Amsterdam and Los Angeles.

College Lacrosse League Active Membership by Year, 1882-1925

CIntercollegiate Lacrosse Association (ILA), 1882–1905
UU.S. Inter-University Lacrosse League (USIULL), 1899–1905
LU.S. Intercollegiate Lacrosse League (USILL), 1906–1925

The following table considers as inactive, for a particular year, a school that fielded no team (as in war years), as well as a school that did not have, or withdrew from, membership.

School 1
8
8
2
1
8
8
3
1
8
8
4
1
8
8
5
1
8
8
6
1
8
8
7
1
8
8
8
1
8
8
9
1
8
9
0
1
8
9
1
1
8
9
2
1
8
9
3
1
8
9
4
1
8
9
5
1
8
9
6
1
8
9
7
1
8
9
8
1
8
9
9
1
9
0
0
1
9
0
1
1
9
0
2
1
9
0
3
1
9
0
4
1
9
0
5
1
9
0
6
1
9
0
7
1
9
0
8
1
9
0
9
1
9
1
0
1
9
1
1
1
9
1
2
1
9
1
3
1
9
1
4
1
9
1
5
1
9
1
6
1
9
1
7
1
9
1
8
1
9
1
9
1
9
2
0
1
9
2
1
1
9
2
2
1
9
2
3
1
9
2
4
1
9
2
5
Princeton C C C C C C C C C
Harvard C C C C C C C C U U U U U U U L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L
NYU C C C C C C C
Columbia C U U U U U U U L L L L L
Yale C C L L L L L L L L L
Stevens C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L
Lehigh C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L
Johns Hopkins C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L
Cornell U U U U U U U L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L
Penn U U U U U U L L L L L L L L L L L L
Swarthmore C C C C L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L
Hobart L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L
Syracuse L L L L L L
Maryland L L
Penn State L L

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l
  6. ^
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h
  8. ^ a b c
  9. ^ 2009 USILA Special Awards. USILA official website. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  10. ^
  11. ^ a b
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^ a b
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^ a b
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^ a b c d
  38. ^ a b c
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^ a b
  42. ^ a b
  43. ^
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^

External links

  • USILA.org
  • NCAA® Men's Lacrosse Championship Records
  • Syracuse Men’s Lacrosse Media Guide
  • Sports Illustrated: USILA Small College Tournament
  • Lacrosse in the U. S.
  • Stevens Defeats Harvard at Lacrosse Game practically insures Stevens the championship. The News. Frederick, MD. May 16, 1896. pg 1.
  • Spalding Athletic Library The Official National Collegiate Athletic Association lacrosse guide (1908)
  • Spalding Athletic Library The Official National Collegiate Athletic Association lacrosse guide (1909)