White Plains, New York
|White Plains, New York|
The White Plains skyline
|Nickname(s): The Birthplace of New York State|
|Motto: Semper Fidelis|
Location of White Plains in New York
|• Mayor||Tom Roach (D)|
|• Common Council|
|• Total||9.9 sq mi (25.6 km2)|
|• Land||9.8 sq mi (25.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||213 ft (65 m)|
|• Density||5,820/sq mi (2,247.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0977432|
White Plains is a city in Westchester County, New York. It is the county seat and commercial hub of Westchester, an affluent suburban county that is home to almost one million people, just north of New York City. White Plains is located in south-central Westchester, with its downtown about 7 miles (11 km) east of the Hudson River and 7 miles (11 km) northwest of the Long Island Sound. It is bordered to the north by the town of North Castle, to the north and east by the town/village of Harrison, to the south by the town/village of Scarsdale, and to the west by the town of Greenburgh.
As of 2013, the city's total population was estimated to be 57,866, up from 56,853 at the 2010 census. According to the city government, the daytime weekday population is estimated at 250,000. The city was ranked third in the top 10 places to live in New York for 2014, according to national online real estate brokerage Movoto.
- Early history 1.1
- Modern history 1.2
Geography and cityscape 2
- Climate 2.1
- Tallest buildings 2.2
- Neighborhoods 2.3
- Parks and recreation 2.4
- Economy 3
Fire Department 4
- Fire station locations and apparatus 4.1
- ISO Class 1 4.2
- Sports 5
- Public schools 6.1
- Parochial and/or private schools 6.2
- Colleges and universities 6.3
- Demographics 7
- Performing Arts 8.1
- Tourism 8.2
- Highways 9.1
- Air 9.2
- Rail 9.3
- Bus 9.4
- Media 10
- Historic sites 11
- Notable people 12
- References 13
- External links 14
At the time of the Dutch settlement of
- White Plains official website
- White Plains Downtown Residents Assoc.
- White Plains Public Library
- White Plains Public Schools
- White Plains Times
- White Plains Historical Society
- White Plains On Line A searchable collection of White Plains public agency meeting agendas, minutes, budgets, and charters.
- WPNY.us Portal for information about White Plains.
- Information about White Plains
- "Population Estimates".
- "US Board on Geographic Names".
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): White Plains city, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- Fernanda Santos, New York Times: Crimes in White Plains Decline to Record Lows, January 25, 2008.
- "The 10 Best Places In New York - statistical analysis by Movoto". Movoto Blog. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Karen Odom, Westchester Magazine: Welcome (Back) to White Plains, June 11, 2007
- Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition (1911), Volume XXVIII, p. 607.
- Hoffman, Redona. Yesterday in White Plains, a Picture History of a Vanished Era, Second Edition, Privately Published, 1984. Available from the White Plains, NY Public Library and other sources.
- Dunlap, David W. (September 16, 1998). "Commercial Real Estate; General Foods' Old Office Is Repackaged for Multiple Tenants". The New York Times.
- "Front Page". Whiteplainscnr.com. July 17, 2001. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "Buffalo Wild Wings Going into Old Zanaros Space in White Plains".
- "Welcome To VTTS". As0.mta.info. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "Top 50 cities". The Sydney Morning Herald. June 26, 2006.
- "White Plains (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2011.
- "White Plains, Westchester County New York Environment Health and Safety Information – Know before you buy". Homefacts.com. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
- "White Plains Westchester County NY historical weather trends". Homefacts.com. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
- "New York USDA Hardiness Zone Map". USDA. Retrieved 2014-10-31.
- National Weather Service Climate. Nws.noaa.gov (2006-07-21). Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
- "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data".
- "White Plains Historic Weather Averages in New York (10605)" (Table). WSI Corporation. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- "The Residences at the Ritz Carlton, Westchester – North Tower". Emporis Corporation. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
- "The Residences at the Ritz-Carlton, Westchester – South Tower". Emporis Corporation. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
- "White Plains's tallest buildings – Top 20". Emporis Corporation. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
- "Gateway Building". Emporis Corporation. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
- "25 Bank Street". Emporis Corporation. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
- "15 Bank Street". Emporis Corporation. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
- "Article: Prodigy takes 340,000 sf at White Plains Plaza. (Prodigy Services Co. renews lease of commercial space in White Plains, New York)." Real Estate Weekly. August 19, 1992. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
- Nowlin, Sanford. "Prodigy to move to Austin." San Antonio Express News. June 24, 2000. Business 1D. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
- Administrator. "City of White Plains Department of Public Safety". Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Administrator. "Fire Suppression". Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Administrator. "Unified Special Operations Command". Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- "IAFF Local 274". Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- "Strategic Plan". White Plains Public Schools. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital". Retrieved October 28, 2014.
-  Archived February 27, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "White Plains High School". Whiteplainspublicschools.org. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "Fordham.Edu". Fordham.Edu. October 28, 2003. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "Pace University in the City of New York and Westchester County | Pace University". Pace.edu. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 15, 2014.
- "America's Fastest-Growing Cities 2010". Business Week. Bloomberg. Retrieved February 22, 2010.
- "2010 Census data for White Plains, NY". Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- "White Plains, NY Population - Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts - CensusViewer". Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- """Performing Arts, "The Westchester Way!. Westchester County Tourism & Film. Retrieved December 25, 2011.
- "Directions to Our Venues". Westchester Philharmonic. Retrieved December 25, 2011.
- DubSet Music Video (lyrics in the description). YouTube (2011-07-30). Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
- """Farmers' Markets, "The Westchester Way!. Westchester County Tourism & Film. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
- "New York State Department of Transportation – I287 Highway / Cross Westchester Expressway Project". I287.info. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "Jacob Purdy House web site". Whiteplainshistory.org. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- James Feron, New York Times: A Strategic Retreat for Headquarters of Washington, August 10, 1973
- Tessa Melvin, New York Times: A Washington Memorial Renovated, June 22, 1980
- Elijah Miller House
- "www.whiteplainshistory.org". whiteplainshistory.org. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "www.whiteplainshistory.org". whiteplainshistory.org. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "www.whiteplainshistory.org". whiteplainshistory.org. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "International Percy Grainger Society". Percygrainger.org. March 10, 2011. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 4/25/11 through 4/29/11. National Park Service. May 6, 2011.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.
- "Assault Charge for White Plains Mayor". The New York Times. February 28, 2010.
- Newsroom.mtv.com. Retrieved July 22, 2008
- Joseph Campbell Foundation website. Retrieved July 22, 2008
- Stevens, Charles W. (2013-07-12). "John Curran, 59; dogged journalist, Bloomberg editor".
- Channing Frye Info Page at NBA.com. Retrieved July 22, 2008
- Denver Nuggets#Current roster, Wikipeda.org. Retrieved September 20, 2008
- "The Percy Grainger House in White Plains, New York," The International Percy Grainger Society. Retrieved August 3, 2008
- Cheryl Lavin, Cheryl. Chicago Tribune, September 14, 1986
- Pellegrin, Michael. "Republicans Announce Hyland as Their Candidate for Mayor", White Plains Patch, March 13, 2011
- "Jonathan Larson Biography". filmreference. 2008. Retrieved November 25, 2008.
- "Matisyahu Biography", AOL Music. Retrieved April 7, 2011.
- Art Monk
- "Scott H. Reiniger". IMDb. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- "Vanessa Rousso: Team Pokestars Pro & Go Daddy Girl".
- Andrew S. Tanenbaum's FAQ, hosted at Vrije Universiteit. Retrieved April 7, 2011.
- filmreference.com, Ralph Waite Biography (1928?-). Retrieved July 22, 2008
- "James Whitmore Biography". FilmReference.com. Retrieved April 7, 2011.
- Malone, Jasmine. "Mark Zuckerberg wins Time person of the year: profile", The Daily Telegraph, December 15, 2010
- Adam Bradley, mayor of White Plains from 2010 to 2011
- Brian Burton (Danger Mouse), musician, songwriter and producer(b)
- Joseph Campbell, author and expert on myth and legend(b)
- Erin Cardillo, actress, was born in White Plains
- Kenneth Chamberlain, Sr., resident killed by White Plains police after his medical alert necklace was accidentally triggered
- Lynn Conway, computer scientist responsible for the Mead & Conway revolution in Very-large-scale integration design
- Glenn Cooper, thriller writer and film producer
- John Curran, financial journalist
- Jennifer Damiano, Broadway actress, noted for her roles in Next To Normal and Spider-Man: Turn Off The Dark
- Dan Duryea, actor, was born in White Plains and graduated from White Plains High School in 1924
- Johnny Farrell, golfer, 1928 U.S. Open champion, was born in White Plains
- Noah Fleiss, actor, was born in White Plains
- Drew "Dru-Ha" Friedman, hip-hop record executive of Duck Down Music Inc., born and raised in White Plains
- Channing Frye, NBA forward(b)
- Danilo Gallinari NBA forward for the Denver Nuggets
- Percy Grainger (1882–1961), Australian-born U.S. composer, pianist and conductor
- Shelley Hack, actress and supermodel(b)
- Ellen Holly, actress
- Bob Hyland, NFL lineman and candidate for mayor
- Carolyn Bessette-Kennedy, wife of John F. Kennedy, Jr., born in White Plains
- Jonathan Larson (1960–1996), writer of musical Rent
- Harry Lauter, character actor
- Jeremy Lin, plays professional basketball for Los Angeles Lakers, lived in White Plains while with New York Knicks
- Alison Lurie, Pulitzer Prize–winning novelist, grew up in White Plains
- Matisyahu, American Jewish reggae artist
- Jesse McCartney, singer-songwriter and actor, lived in White Plains
- Mike McGlone, actor
- Emily McLaughlin, soap opera actress
- Boyd Melson, boxer
- Art Monk, NFL Hall of Famer (wide receiver) played football for White Plains Senior High School
- Sun Myung Moon and his wife Hak Ja Han Moon founder of the Unification Church
- Garrick Ohlsson, classical pianist
- Scott Reiniger, actor, and, as "Prince of Ghor," a hereditary prince(b)
- Vanessa Rousso, professional poker player(b)
- Styles P (David Styles), rapper, author, and entrepreneur
- Andrew S. Tanenbaum, computer scientist and professor
- Ralph Waite, actor who played John Walton in The Waltons television series(b)
- James Whitmore (1921–2009), actor known for such films as The Asphalt Jungle and The Shawshank Redemption(b)
- Mark Zuckerberg, CEO of Facebook(b)
(b) denotes that the person was born there.
- Battle of White Plains in the American Revolutionary War. In the 1960s it was repaired and restored, and in 1973 the structure was moved to its present location. A further renovation was conducted around 1980, involving both professional craftsmen and local teenagers in an apprentice program.
- restoration. County executive Robert Astorino, who had supported preserving the building five years earlier as a member of the legislature, vetoed the measure, saying it should be supported by private funds.
- White Plains Armory (1910), erected on the site of the first Westchester County Courthouse. A monument in front of the building commemorates the first public reading in New York of the Declaration of Independence, on July 11, 1776.
- White Plains Rural Cemetery, incorporated 1854, although in use as a cemetery from 1797. The cemetery office occupies the structure that was the first Methodist Church in White Plains (1795, rebuilt in 1797 after a fire on the day of its original dedication).
- Percy Grainger Home and Studio, occupied by the composer from 1921 until his death in 1961, and by his widow, Ella Ström-Brandelius, until her death in 1979. It is now maintained as a museum by the International Percy Grainger Society.
- In addition to the above, the Bar Building, Good Counsel Complex, Leo Friedlander Studio, Mapleton, Peoples National Bank and Trust Company Building, Presbyterian Rest for Convalescents, Soundview Manor, and Woman's Club of White Plains are also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Journal News, the major daily newspaper for the Lower Hudson Valley region, is based in White Plains. The current paper, owned by the Gannett Company, was formed in 1998 by the merger of eleven local papers in Westchester and Rockland counties.
Bee Line is Westchester County's public bus system and several routes pass through White Plains offering local service to many surrounding communities. A few routes serve the Bronx and connect with the New York City subway. The main Bee Line hub in White Plains is the Trans-Center, adjacent to the Metro-North station. Other regional bus services that serve White Plains include the Tappan ZEExpress to Rockland County; Leprechaun Lines to Poughkeepsie; CT Transit's I-Bus to Stamford, Connecticut; as well as Greyhound, Trailways and Coach USA service to upstate New York and Long Island.
Two Metro-North Railroad stations – the White Plains station, located downtown at Main Street and the Bronx River, and the North White Plains station, provide daily train service to Grand Central Terminal in Midtown Manhattan. Both stations are on the Harlem Line.
Westchester County Airport is located in Harrison, about 7 miles (11 km) northeast of Downtown White Plains. Often the airlines and traveling public refer to Westchester County Airport as "White Plains." It serves as a minor hub for JetBlue Airways, which offer regularly scheduled flights to several destinations in Florida. In addition, JetBlue began service from Westchester to Nassau, Bahamas in November 2011. Many people instead opt to fly out of one of New York City's three major airports, two of which are located within an hour's drive of White Plains.
The Cross-Westchester Expressway, or I-287, runs east to Rye where it meets I-95, the major route along the East Coast, and west across the Hudson River via the Tappan Zee Bridge, linking White Plains to Rockland County, points upstate, and parts of northern New Jersey. Current highway works include pedestrian walkways over the highway, an extra lane on either side, and on/off ramps to help motor traffic and pedestrians. Vegetation removals have upset some in the community but it is reported that the area will be fixed and trees will be replanted when work on the highway comes to an end. The Bronx River Parkway, which runs north-south through White Plains, provides access to New York City and areas in northern Westchester, such as Chappaqua and Yorktown Heights.
The White Plains Farmers' Market operates year-round in the city, setting up Downtown at 255 Main Street from May to November, and in the Westchester County Center the rest of the year. In addition to the various food products sold, there is often also live music at the Market.
The White Plains Performing Arts Center, which can seat up to 410 people, serves as a venue for a variety of events, such as Broadway theatre and concerts.
2010 demographics are as follows: 48.9% Non-Hispanic White, 29.6% Hispanic, 13.2% Black or African-American, 6.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.3% Some Other Race, 1.5% Two or More Races.
The median income for a household in the city was $58,545, and the median income for a family was $71,891 (these figures had risen to $73,744 and $92,215 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $47,742 versus $36,917 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,825. About 9.2% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.7 males.
There were 20,921 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.14.
As of the census of 2000, there were 53,077 people, 20,921 households, and 12,704 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,415.5 people per square mile (2,091.1/km²). There were 21,576 housing units at an average density of 2,201.4 per square mile (850.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.93% White, 15.91% African American, 4.50% Asian, 0.34% Native American, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 10.37% from other races, and 3.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.51% of the population. In 2010, Businessweek Magazine named White Plains one of America's fastest growing cities.
- Fordham University Westchester Campus is home to Fordham’s Graduate Schools of Business Administration, Education, Social Service, and Religion and Religious Education.
- Pace University White Plains Campus is home to Pace University School of Law and Pace Graduate School. This campus originally belonged to Good Counsel College, later named the College of White Plains (1972–1976). The College of White Plains merged with Pace University in 1976.
- The College of Westchester, formerly known as the Westchester Business Institute
- Berkeley College
- Mercy College
Colleges and universities
- Archbishop Stepinac High School on Mamaroneck Avenue in the Gedney area
- Academy of Our Lady of Good Counsel on North Broadway, adjacent to the Pace University campus
- Good Counsel Academy Elementary School on North Broadway
- Our Lady of Sorrows Elementary School in the Gedney area
- German School New York on Partridge Road
- Solomon Schechter School of Westchester Lower School (Grades K-5)
Parochial and/or private schools
The district is governed by a seven-member Board of Education, elected at-large for staggered three-year terms. A school superintendent reports to the Board.
White Plains Senior High School, built in the late 1950s on a 72-acre (29 ha) campus, serves all public school students in grades 9–12. The school has a swimming pool that overlooks a small valley which included the track and football field. The White Plains Recreation Department worked in cooperation with the schools to offer many programs.
The five elementary schools, and to a lesser extent, the two middle schools, in addition to teaching core competencies, have different educational focuses including science & technology, communication arts and global understanding. The primary distinction between the two middle schools is the number of pupils enrolled. The smaller "Eastview" Campus has about 1/3 the number of students as the "Highlands" campus. There are about 1100 students at Highlands and only about 400 at Eastview. As of 2014 this has changed, now 6th grade is entirely at Eastview and 7th and 8th go to Highlands
Since 1988 the district has operated under a Controlled Parents' Choice Program, whereby the parents of elementary and middle school children can select the school which their child attends based on factors other than proximity to the school.
The White Plains Public School System, with a 2006 enrollment of over 6,000 pupils, maintains five elementary schools (grades K-5), two middle schools (6–8) and one high school (9–12), as well as auxiliary facilities, including a pre-kindergarten program, a community school (grades 7–12), adult and continuing education, and a program for school-age patients at New York-Presbyterian Hospital, whose campus is located in the city.
White Plains is home to the Westchester Knicks of the National Basketball Association Development League. They will begin play in the 2014-2015 season.
The White Plains Fire Department has been recently labeled as an ISO Class 1 fire department, making it one of only 5 of its kind in the Northeastern United States. Being a Class 1 fire department means that the WPFD provides the maximum amount of fire protection to the area it serves, thus lowering property, home and commercial insurance rates for the city's residents and business owners.
ISO Class 1
There is also a Volunteer Division within the WPFD that takes part in parades and events. They operate out of another decommissioned fire station at Harding Ave. and Robertson Ave.
The WPFD also utilizes a decommissioned fire station at 232 S. Lexington Ave. as the quarters of Utility 1, the WPFD Collapse Rescue Unit and the Special Operations Division. This former firehouse is also the main storage facility for White Plains' Unified Special Operations Command, which the WPFD is a part of.
The WPFD operates a spare fire apparatus fleet of 3 Engines(E68, E69, E72) and 1 Ladder(L33). All spare apparatus are stored at the quarters of Engine 66/Tower Ladder 6 at 20 Ferris Ave.
|Engine Company||Ladder Company||Special Unit||Command Unit||Address||Images|
|Engine 65||93 Prescott Ave.|
|Engine 66||Tower Ladder 6||Squad 4, Mini-Attack 32, Utility 2, Special Operations Trailer, Foam Trailer||Car 2510(Support Unit), Car 2515(Fire Prevention Unit), Car 2516(Fire Prevention Unit), Car 2518(Support Unit)||20 Ferris Ave.|
|Engine 67||Squad Support Unit 4||2 Terrace Ave.|
|Engine 70||Ladder 32||Rescue 88||Car 2511 (WPFD Chief of Department), Car 2512 (Deputy Chief)||219 Mamaroneck Ave.|
|Engine 71||Ladder 34||663 North St.|
Fire Headquarters is located at 219 Mamaroneck Ave. The Fire Prevention Division is also located at 20 Ferris Ave.
Below is a complete listing of all fire station and company locations in the city of White Plains.
Fire station locations and apparatus
The city of White Plains is protected 24/7, 365 by the 140 paid, professional firefighters of the City of White Plains Fire Bureau, part of the Department of Public Safety, but commonly referred to as the "Fire Department"(WPFD). The White Plains Fire Department is currently the seventh largest fire department in the state of New York. The WPFD currently operates out of 5 Fire Stations, located throughout the city, under the command of a Deputy Chief per shift. The WPFD also operates a frontline fire apparatus fleet of 5 Engines, 3 Ladders, 1 Rescue, and numerous other special, support, and reserve units.
|EMS level||First Responder BLS|
|Facilities and equipment|
The economy of White Plains revolves around large companies that have relocated to the city such as ITT, Xylem, Bunge and Combe. Other companies based in White Plains include Alliance Bernstein, Dannon, Fifth Street Finance Corp., the New York Power Authority, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, Krasdale Foods (which supplies products for the C-Town supermarket chain), Nine West, Acadia Realty Trust and AboveNet, as well as the US headquarters of Heineken. At the turn of the second millennium, there was a boom in commercial businesses and residential living and as a result the city's infrastructure grew substantially with two double towers being 40 plus stories and both being high-end apartments.
- Ebersole Ice Rink
- Maple Moor Golf Course
- Saxon Woods Park provides a range of recreational amenities, including trails, a standard and miniature golf course, and the largest swimming pool in Westchester.
- Silver Lake Preserve
- Westchester Golf Range
Parks and recreation
- Battle Hill
- Bryant Gardens
- Colonial Corners
- Downtown White Plains
- East White Plains
- Ferris Avenue
- Fisher Hill
- Fulton Street
- Gedney Farms
- Gedney Manor
- Gedney Meadows
- Gedney Park
- Green Acres
- Haviland Manor
- Idle Forest
- North Broadway
- North Street
- North White Plains
- Old Mamaroneck Road
- Prospect Park
- Reynal Park
- Rocky Dell
- Saxon Woods
- Secor Gardens
- Westminster Ridge
- Woodcrest Heights
White Plains has 35 neighborhoods:
|1||The Residences at the Ritz Carlton, Westchester – North Tower||492 feet (150 m)||44||2009|||
|2||The Residences at the Ritz-Carlton, Westchester – South Tower||454 feet (138 m)||44||2008|||
|3 (tie)||One City Place||354 feet (108 m)||35||2004|||
|3 (tie)||Trump Tower at City Center||354 feet (108 m)||35||2005|||
|5||Westchester County Courthouse||271 feet (83 m)||19||1974|||
|6||Gateway Building||250 feet (76 m)||18||1985|||
|7||25 Bank Street||227 feet (69 m)||22||2003|||
|8||15 Bank Street||217 feet (66 m)||21||2003|||
|9||Clarence D. Rappleyea Building||210 feet (64 m)||17||1981|||
|10||Westchester One||202 feet (62 m)||21||1976|||
|Climate data for White Plains (Westchester County Airport), 1981–2010|
|Record high °F (°C)||
|Average high °F (°C)||
|Average low °F (°C)||
|Record low °F (°C)||
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||
|Average precipitation days||9.5||8.3||10.1||10.2||10.8||10.1||9.1||9.6||8.6||9.1||9.8||10.3||115.4|
|Average snowy days||3.6||2.7||2.0||.3||0||0||0||0||0||0||.3||2.3||11.2|
|Source #1: NOAA|
|Source #2: Intellicast (extreme temps)|
|Climate chart ()|
The lowest temperature ever recorded in White Plains since record-keeping began was −14 °F (−25.6 °C), and the highest ever was 102 °F (38.9 °C). The mean date of the first freeze is October 26, and the mean date of the last freeze is April 17. Over the course of a typical year, there are 25 days where the temperature fails to rise above freezing and one subzero (≤ 0 °F (−18 °C) night. On the other side of the spectrum, there are nine days of at least 90 °F (32 °C).
White Plains has a humid continental climate, with four distinct seasons. Winter is cold and moderately snowy, with an average January temperature of 29.1 °F (−1.6 °C), and summer is warm and humid, with a mean July temperature of 73.5 °F (23.1 °C). In spring and fall, temperatures can fluctuate widely, but are usually mild and comfortable. Precipitation is plentiful and evenly spread out through the year, with measurable rain and/or snow falling on just under one-third of days. The city receives approximately 234 clear or partly cloudy days per annum, with October typically being the sunniest month, averaging more than 70 percent of possible sunshine. White Plains is within USDA hardiness zone 7a.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, White Plains has a land area of 9.77 square miles (25.3 km2), and a population density of 5,820.3 inhabitants per square mile (2,247.2/km2).
Geography and cityscape
Beginning in 2000, the city's permanent population experienced a growth spurt as additional apartment buildings were constructed. The city's relatively moderate housing costs and close commuting distance to midtown Manhattan (31 minutes by express train) have also attracted a lot of people who commute to New York City for work. However, in large part because of its proximity to New York, the cost of living in White Plains, although lower than that of New York City itself, is by some measures among the highest in the world.
In 2005, construction began on a second large parcel in the downtown area. The project, known as Renaissance Square, features two residential and hotel towers, each 40 stories tall, features a luxury Ritz-Carlton hotel and more than 400 condominium units. The Ritz-Carlton Westchester is one of the tallest buildings between New York City and Boston, exceeded only by City Place in Hartford.
Other major projects were completed in the late 1990s and early 2000s that have further altered the urban character of downtown White Plains. A new courthouse for the Southern District of New York was opened in 1998 and several large-scale office properties in and near downtown, including the former General Foods headquarters building, were retrofitted and leased to accommodate smaller businesses. The Macy's store on Main Street remained vacant for several years until it was also later demolished to make way for the massive City Center at White Plains complex. This large mixed-use development features two 35-story apartment and condominium towers, 600,000-square-foot (60,000 m2) of retail, restaurant and entertainment space and new parking facilities. Aside from the Arts Exchange building (which used to be a bank), another bank next to the City Center was renovated to become Zanaro's, a family-style Italian restaurant. In 2010, Zanaros closed and was replaced by Buffalo Wild Wings. City Center's opening in 2003 marked the beginning of a new downtown development renaissance, and with the improving economy and healthy office leasing activity, White Plains entered the new millennium as the leading retail and office center in Westchester County.
In early 2002, the Saks Fifth Avenue location was also closed and demolished; it was replaced in 2004 with the large retail complex called The Source at White Plains, featuring the upscale restaurants Morton's of Chicago, The Cheesecake Factory, and the gourmet supermarket chain Whole Foods Markets. Note: As of July 20, 2009, the Fortunoff and Mayrock families re-acquired the Fortunoff brand and intellectual property; all Fortunoff stores are currently closed.
The construction of the Galleria at White Plains mall in the 1970s ushered in a new era of downtown retail and office development, but by the early 1990s, economic development had stagnated, hampered by a deep recession and the overbuilding of the commercial real estate markets. For a time, White Plains had the dubious distinction of having one of the highest office vacancy rates in the Northeast. Consolidation within the retail industry led to the closing of many of downtown's original department and specialty stores as well. After its bankruptcy, the B. Altman store closed in 1989 and was eventually demolished to make way for the massive upscale retail mall, The Westchester, which opened in 1995 with anchors Nordstrom and Neiman Marcus. A freestanding branch of Macy's, one of downtown's original retail anchor stores, was relocated two blocks away to The Galleria mall by its parent company, Federated Department Stores, replacing the location of sister retailer, Abraham & Straus when these two store divisions were merged in 1995.
White Plains is also home to the Arts Exchange Building, which serves as the headquarters of the Westchester Arts Council. Since March 1999, visual and performing artists, emerging cultural organizations and new creative businesses have studios and offices in the building. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
White Plains continues to attract regional and national business as well as international headquarters within it boundaries such as Nine West Group, Allegiance Financial, ITT Corporation, Nokia, Heineken USA, Alliance Bernstein, AT&T and Verizon.
Beginning in the 1950s, many major corporations based in New York City relocated operations to White Plains and other nearby locations. These included General Foods, PepsiCo, Hitachi USA, IBM, Nestlé, Snapple and Heineken USA. At the height of the 1980s, at least 50 Fortune 500 corporations called Westchester County and nearby Fairfield County, CT, home, but with the corporate mergers and downsizing of the 1990s many of these companies either reduced their operations in White Plains or left the area completely.
During the late 1960s, the city of White Plains developed an extensive urban renewal plan for residential, commercial and mixed-use redevelopment that effectively called for the demolition of its entire central business district from the Bronx River Parkway east to Mamaroneck Avenue. By 1978, the urban renewal program centered around the construction of the Westchester County Courthouse (1974), the Westchester One office building (1975), the Galleria at White Plains mall (1978), and a number of other office towers, retail centers and smaller commercial buildings.
Early in the 20th century, White Plains' downtown area developed into a dominant suburban shopping district and featured branch stores of many famous New York-based department and specialty stores. Some of these retail locations were the first large-scale suburban stores built in the United States, and ushered in the eventual post-World War II building boom. With the construction of the parkways and expressways in the 1940s and 1960s, White Plains' role as a destination retail location was only enhanced. With a city opening ceremony Macy's launched a grand White Plains store on Main Street across from City Hall in 1949. As the mayor said at the time, this was a significant event in the life of White Plains. Other stores later followed such as B. Altman & Co., Rogers Peet, Saks Fifth Avenue, Alexander's, Wallach's and a short-lived branch of Bergdorf Goodman, which was later converted to sister chain, Neiman Marcus, in 1981. White Plains is still a huge retail destination in the area with Bloomingdale's, Neiman Marcus, Nordstrom, Nordstrom Rack, Macy's, Walmart, Burlington Coat Factory, and over 1000 other small and mid-size stores in four malls.
The first United States Census, conducted in 1790, listed the White Plains population at 505, of whom 46 were slaves. (New York City's population at that time was about 33,000.) By 1800, the population stood at 575 and in 1830, 830. By 1870, 26 years after the arrival of the New York Central Railroad, it had swollen to 2,630 and by 1890 to 4,508. In the decades that followed the count grew to 7,899 (1900) and 26,425 (1910). White Plains was incorporated as a village in 1866 and as a city in 1916.
During September and October 1776, troops led by Sir William Howe, who attacked on October 28. The Battle of White Plains took place primarily on Chatterton Hill, (later known as "Battle Hill," and located just west of what was then a swamp but is now the downtown area) and the Bronx River. Howe's force of 4,000–6,000 British and Hessian soldiers required three attacks before the Continentals, numbering about 1,600 under the command of Generals Alexander McDougall and Israel Putnam, retreated, joining Washington's main force, which did not take part in the battle. Howe's forces had suffered 250 casualties, a severe loss, and he made no attempt to pursue the Continentals, whose casualties were about 125 dead and wounded. Three days after the battle Washington withdrew north of the village, this was then occupied by Howe's forces. But after several inconclusive skirmishes over the next week Howe withdrew on November 5, leaving White Plains to the Continentals. Ironically, one of Washington's subordinates, Major John Austin, who was probably drunk after having celebrated the enemy's withdrawal, reentered the village with his detachment and proceeded to burn it down. Although he was court-martialed and convicted for this action, he escaped punishment.
On July 9, 1776, a copy of the Declaration of Independence was delivered to the New York Provincial Congress, which was meeting in the county courthouse. The delegates quickly adopted a resolution approving the Declaration, thus declaring both the colony's independence and the formation of the State of New York. The Declaration itself was first publicly read from the steps of the courthouse on July 11.
In 1758, White Plains became the seat of Westchester County when the colonial government for the county left West Chester, which was located in what is now the northern part of the borough of the Bronx, in New York City. The unincorporated village remained part of the Town of Rye until 1788, when the Town of White Plains was created.